Afro Mountain

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Afro Mountain
Afro Mountain.jpg
ArtistEllen Gallagher
MediumInk and collaged paper on canvas
Dimensions213.7 cm × 183.5 cm (84.1 in × 72.2 in)
LocationWhitney Museum of American Art, New York City

Afro Mountain is a painting by Ellen Gallagher. It is in the collection of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, New York in the United States.


The painting keeps with the tradition of Gallagher's works of the 1990s and is considered an example of minimalist abstract art.[1] It comprises penmanship paper glued to a canvas with ink drawings of lips which overtake the entire bottom half of the large canvas.


Afro Mountain was created by Gallagher in an empty print shop at Harvard University in 1994.[2] The painting was a gift of an anonymous donor, in 1995, to the Whitney.[3] Afro Mountain was exhibited at the Tate Modern's 2013 retrospective about Gallagher titled "Ellen Gallagher: AxME: Room 7."[4] In 2010, the piece was included in the Whitney Biennial.[5]


  1. ^ American Visionaries: Selections from the Whitney Museum of American Art. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art. 2001. p. 114. ISBN 0810968312.
  2. ^ Halley, Peter. "Ellen Gallagher, 1997". Index Magazine. Index Worldwide. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Afro Mountain". Whitney Museum of AmericanArt. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  4. ^ "Ellen Gallagher: AxME: Room 7". Tate Modern. Tate. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  5. ^ Rosenberg, Karen. "After the Annuals and Biennials, the Perennials". Art & Design. New York Times. Retrieved 9 February 2017.