Agamemnon Gratzios

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Agamemnon Gratzios
Agamemnon Gratsios, 4 September 1974.jpg
Gratzios in Thessaloniki in 1974
Born 1922
Elafotopos, Zagori, Ioannina
Died 11 August 1993
Allegiance  Greece
Service/branch Hellenic Army
Years of service 1940–1982
Rank Army-GRE-OF-09.svg General
Commands held Chief of the Hellenic National Defence General Staff
Chief of the Hellenic Army General Staff
Battles/wars Greco-Italian War
Battle of Crete
Greek Civil War
Awards Gold Cross of Valour (twice)[1]

Agamemnon Gratzios or Gratsios (Greek: Αγαμέμνων Γκράτσιος/Γκράτζιος, 1922 – 11 August 1993) was a Greek Army officer who rose to the rank of full General, and held the posts of Chief of the Hellenic Army General Staff and of the Hellenic National Defence General Staff.

He was born in the village of Elafotopos, Zagori in the Ioannina Prefecture, in 1922. He entered the Hellenic Army Academy, but the outbreak of the Greco-Italian War on 28 October 1940 interrupted his studies; along with his classmates, he participated in the Battle of Crete, where he was seriously wounded. In 1942 he was named a Second Lieutenant. During the Greek Civil War, he served as a platoon, company and battery commander, being promoted to Lieutenant (1946) and Captain (1948). He was again wounded during the Battle of Naousa in April 1949.[1] Gratzios was an artillery officer, but after the civil war, he was trained in special operations in Greece and Germany and held several command and staff positions in the Greek Special Forces: commander of the Paratroopers School, of the 5th Raider Squadron, of the Special Forces in Cyprus (in 1965-67). He also commanded the 12th Infantry Division, the ASDEN and III Army Corps, and First Army, being successively promoted to Major (1952), Lt. Colonel (1958), Colonel (1967), Brigadier (1971), Major General (1972) and Lt. General (1974).[1] On 14 September 1976 he assumed the position of Chief of the Army Command, which a year later was reconstituted again as the Hellenic Army General Staff, a post he held until 11 January 1980, when he was appointed as Chief of the Hellenic National Defence General Staff and promoted to full General. He finally retired on 19 January 1982.[1]

He died in 1993, and is survived by a wife and two children.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Στρατηγός ΓΚΡΑΤΖΙΟΣ ΑΓΑΜΕΜΝΩΝ του ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΥ, ΑΜ 23048." (PDF). Συνοπτική Ιστορία του Γενικού Επιτελείου Στρατού 1901–2001 [A Concise History of the Hellenic Army General Staff 1901–2001] (in Greek). Athens: Army History Directorate. 2001. p. 186. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Lt General Ioannis Davos
Chief of the Hellenic Army General Staff
14 September 1976 – 11 January 1980
Succeeded by
Lt General Efthymios Karagiannis
Preceded by
General Ioannis Davos
Chief of the Hellenic National Defence General Staff
11 January 1980 – 19 January 1982
Succeeded by
Admiral Theodoros Degiannis