Odysseas Angelis

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Odysseas Angelis
Οδυσσέας Αγγελής
Vice-President of Greece
In office
June 1, 1973 (1973-06-01) – November 25, 1973 (1973-11-25)
PresidentGeorgios Papadopoulos
Personal details
Born(1912-01-02)January 2, 1912
Steni, Euboea
Died(1987-03-22)March 22, 1987
Korydallos Prison
NationalityGreek
AwardsGold Cross of Valour[1]
Military service
Allegiance Greece
Branch/serviceHellenic Army
RankGR-Army-OF9-1959.svg General
CommandsChief of the Armed Forces Headquarters
Chief of the Hellenic Army General Staff
Battles/warsGreco-Italian War, Greek Civil War

Odysseas Angelis (Greek: Οδυσσέας Αγγελής, 1912–1987) was a Greek military officer, who served as head of the Greek military during the Greek military junta of 1967–1974, and was selected by junta principal Georgios Papadopoulos as vice president of the junta-proclaimed republic in 1973. He was deposed along with Papadopoulos by junta hardliners in November 1973, and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment for high treason in the Greek Junta Trials in 1975.

Biography[edit]

Early career[edit]

Angelis was born in the village of Steni on the island of Euboea in 1912.[1] After completing his studies at the Hellenic Army Academy, he was sworn in as an Artillery Second Lieutenant on 2 August 1934.[1] Promoted to Lieutenant in 1937 and Captain in 1940, he participated in the Greco-Italian War as a mountain artillery battery commander.[1] Following the German invasion and the Axis occupation of Greece, in 1943 Angelis fled the country and joined the Greek Armed Forces in the Middle East, where he commanded an anti-aircraft battery.[1]

After the liberation of Greece he was promoted to Major in 1946, and fought in the Greek Civil War in 1948 and 1949 as an artillery battalion commander.[1] After the end of the civil war, he served in various artillery commands and completed courses at the Superior War School and the National Defence School. He served in the NATO headquarters at Izmir, as aide-de-camp to King Paul, professor at the Superior War School, chief of staff of the 9th Infantry Division, commandant of the Artillery School, Director of the 2nd Staff Bureau at the Hellenic Army General Staff, chief of staff of ASDEN, and deputy commander and commander of the 5th Infantry Division.[1] He was promoted to Lt. Colonel in 1950, Colonel in 1958, Brigadier in 1960, and Major General in 1965.[1]

In 1967 he was promoted to Lt. General and Deputy Chief of the Hellenic National Defence General Staff, a post he held at the time of the coup d'etat of 21 April 1967.[1]

Under the Junta[edit]

After the establishment of the military regime, he was appointed Chief of the Army General Staff on 22 April 1967.[1] He was responsible, at least officially, for the Army Decree Nr. 13, which banned the musical works of Mikis Theodorakis. On 21 April 1967 Angelis passed a series of laws limiting protest, including a ban on public gatherings of more than five people, a ban on all private gatherings of a political nature, a ban on propaganda against the generals and a ban on civilians holding guns.[2]

During the failed royal counter-coup of 13 December 1967, Angelis remained loyal to the junta, and assumed, in addition to his post as head of the army, the position of Chief of the Hellenic National Defence General Staff. On 19 December 1968, he assumed command of the newly formed Armed Forces Headquarters (Αρχηγείο Ενόπλων Δυνάμεων). He was promoted to full General in 1970, and retired from the army on 16 August 1973.[1]

Personally loyal to junta principal Georgios Papadopoulos, Angelis was chosen by the latter as his Vice President when he abolished the monarchy and declared Greece a Presidential Republic on 1 June 1973. Angelis served in this post until 25 November 1973, when Papadopoulos lost power to a hardliner coup.

Trial and imprisonment[edit]

Following the restoration of democratic rule in 1974, in the 1975 Junta Trials, he was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment for high treason and mutiny.[3] Angelis committed suicide in his cell in the Korydallos Prison on 22 March 1987.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Συνοπτική Ιστορία του ΓΕΣ, 2001, p. 180.
  2. ^ Andreas Papandreou, Democracy at Gunpoint: The Greek Front, Penguin Books, 1971, p. 40
  3. ^ "Deaths Elsewhere – Odysseas Angelis, 75". The Times-News. Hendersonville, NC. Associated Press. March 24, 1987. p. 6. Retrieved 25 August 2013.

Sources[edit]

  • Συνοπτική Ιστορία του Γενικού Επιτελείου Στρατού 1901–2001 [A Concise History of the Hellenic Army General Staff 1901–2001] (in Greek). Athens: Hellenic Army History Directorate. 2001. ISBN 960-7897-44-7.