Agathocles (writers)

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For other people with this name, see Agathocles (disambiguation).

Agathocles (Greek: Ἀγαθοκλῆς; fl. 3rd century BC) was a Greek historian who wrote a history of Cyzicus (περὶ Κυζίκου) in the Ionic dialect.[1][2] He is called by Athenaeus both a Babylonian[3] and a Cyzican.[4] He may originally have come from Babylon, and have settled at Cyzicus. The first and third books are referred to by Athenaeus.[5] The time at which Agathocles lived is unknown, and his work is now lost; but it seems to have been extensively read in antiquity, as it is referred to by Cicero,[6] Pliny,[7] and other ancient writers. Agathocles also spoke of the origin of Rome.[8][9] The scholiast on Apollonius[10] cites Memoirs (ὑπομνήματα) by an Agathocles, who is usually supposed to be the same as the above-mentioned one.[11][12][13]

There are several other writers of the same name, whose works are lost to us but are mentioned by later writers:

  • Agathocles of Atrax, who wrote a work on fishing.[14]
  • Agathocles of Chios, who wrote a work on agriculture.[15][16]
  • Agathocles of Miletus, who wrote a work on rivers.[17]
  • Agathocles of Samos, who wrote a work on the constitution of Pessinus.[18]


  1. ^ Smith, William (1867), "Agathocles", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology 1, Boston, p. 65 
  2. ^ Lesky, Albin (1996). History of Greek Literature. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company. p. 624. ISBN 0-87220-350-6. 
  3. ^ Athenaeus, i. p. 30, a. ix. p. 375, a
  4. ^ Athenaeus xiv. p. 649, f
  5. ^ Athenaeus, ix. p. 375, f., xii. p. 515, a
  6. ^ Cicero, De Divinatione i. 24
  7. ^ Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia elenchus of books iv. v. vi
  8. ^ Festus s. v. Romam
  9. ^ Solinus, Polyhistor 1
  10. ^ iv. 761
  11. ^ Compare Schol. ad Hes. Theog. 485
  12. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Вέσβικος
  13. ^ Etymol. M. s. v. Δίκτη
  14. ^ ἁλιευτικὰ, Suda, 's.v. Κικίλιος
  15. ^ Varro, and Columella, De Re Rustica i. 1
  16. ^ Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia xxii. 44
  17. ^ Plutarch, de Fluv. p. 1153, c
  18. ^ Plutarch, de Fluv. p. 1159, a

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.