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Total population
(14 families (2010)[1])
Regions with significant populations
Quechua,[1] Spanish, formerly Aguano
Roman Catholicism[2]

The Aguano (also Awano,[3] Ahuano, Hilaca,[4] Uguano, Aguanu, Santacrucino, Tibilo[5]) are a people of Peru. In 1959, they consisted of 40 families. They inhabit the lower Huallaga and upper Samiria Rivers, and the right bank tributary of the Marañon River.[1]

Today they farm and have largely converted to Roman Catholicism.[2]


In the 16th century, Aguano first encountered the Spanish. Diseases introduced by the Europeans and warfare with the Jívaro people killed off much of the tribe. Surviving members of the Aguano proper, Cutinana, and Maparina peoples joined together to form what became known as the Aguana people.[6]

In the 19th century, the Aguano lived near Santa Cruz at the lower banks of the Huallaga River. As they became more acculturated into Spanish Peruvian society, they adopted the name Santacrucinos.[2]


  1. ^ a b c "Aguano."[permanent dead link] Ethnologue. Retrieved 17 Feb 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Olson 6
  3. ^ Olson 43
  4. ^ Olson 85
  5. ^ Olson 357
  6. ^ Olson 5


Further reading[edit]

  • Campbell, Lyle. (1997). American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
  • Kaufman, Terrence. (1994). The native languages of South America. In C. Mosley & R. E. Asher (Eds.), Atlas of the world's languages (pp. 46-76). London: Routledge.