Ahmad Ibrahim al-Sayyid al-Naggar
Ahmad Ibrahim al-Sayyid al-Naggar was a member of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, an Islamist terrorist group active since the 1970s. The Jewish lobby group ADL dubbed him the "propaganda chief" of the militant organisation. He was one of 14 people subjected to extraordinary rendition by the CIA prior to the 2001 declaration of a War on Terror.
In 1991, he was sentenced in absentia to three years imprisonment in the al-Jihad case arising from the assassination of Anwar Sadat. However, he fled the country in 1993 when Adil al-Sudani got him a false passport in the name of Abdel Raheem Mohammed Hussein and bought him an October 18 ferry ticket from Nuwaiba to Jordan, and told him to wait for a phone call at the Jordan River Hotel in Amman. When he arrived the next day, he received a call from Mahmud al-Deeb who told him to book a flight four days later to Sanaa, Yemen to meet with him. When al-Naggar arrived, he was greeted by Ayman al-Zawahiri and his brother Muhammad al-Zawahiri, Ahmad Salamah Mabruk, Morgan Salem and Thirwat Shehata who assured him that al-Jihad took care of its own, and they were glad to see him safe.
In 1994, he was asked to travel to Sudan, and was subsequently met by al-Zawahiri, who asked him to oversee civil organisation of al-Jihad.
In October of the following year, Zawahiri asked him to instead travel to Yemen to oversee civil operations there; but three months later was told to travel with his fake passport in the name of Ahmed Rajab Mohammed, to take a job as a teacher with the Haramain charity in Tirana, Albania. He also led the Centre for Islamic Heritage.
Capture, trials, execution
—al-Naggar, during trial
He was sentenced in death in absentia in an Egyptian military court on October 15, 1997, for the crime of membership in al-Jihad, and possession of weapons. He was ostensibly linked to the 1995 plot to blow up the Khan el-Khalili market, as well as the assassination of Speaker of Parliament Rifaat el-Mahgoub in October 1990. The trial was condemned as "unfair" by Amnesty International.
He was tried in the 1999 Returnees from Albania trial at which he was defended by Montasser el-Zayat. He was tortured for nine months; locked in a room with water up to his knees 24 hours a day. When taken to SSI headquarters in Lazughli Square and questioned by Captain Yasir Azzulddin, his hands and feet were tied, as interrogators applied electric shocks to his nipples and penis. Under torture, al-Naggar admitted that al-Jihad had acquired anthrax from an unnamed East Asian country for $3,695. He later claimed his confessions were only a result of this torture. He was sentenced to 25 years' imprisonment. In November, he was transferred to Tora prison, where Amnesty noted he was at less risk of torture or sudden execution.
- Anti-Defamation League, US EMbassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania Archived 2008-11-28 at the Wayback Machine, Autumn 1998
- Mother Jones, Disappearing Act: Rendition by the Numbers Archived 2010-02-13 at the Wayback Machine, March 3, 2008
- al-Zayat, Montasser, "The Road to al-Qaeda", 2002
- Bergen, Peter. "The Osama bin Laden I Know", 2006
- El-Zayyat, Montasser, "The Road to al-Qaeda", 2004. tr. by Ahmed Fakry
- al-Ahram, Military trial for bombing suspects Archived 2009-09-11 at the Wayback Machine, November 5–11, 1998
- Sachs, Susan. The New York Times, "An Investigation in Egypt Illustrates Al Qaeda's Web", November 21, 2001
- Amnesty International, Ahmed Ibrahim al-Naggar Archived 2011-09-02 at the Wayback Machine, February 29, 2000
- Human Rights Watch, Black Hole: The 1995 and 1998 Renditions
- Victoria Advocate, Bombings connect to mysterious arrests, August 13, 1998
- 24ur.com, Islamski skrajneži napovedali nove protiameriške napade, February 4, 1999
- Pargeter, Alison. "The New Frontiers of Jihad", p. 54
- Begley, Sharon. Newsweek, "The history of weaponized anthrax suggests that investigators have no shortage of suspects in the new bio-attacks"
- Amnesty International, Further information, November 12, 1998