Aiskew

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Aiskew
Aiskew Methodist Church - geograph.org.uk - 139454.jpg
Aiskew Methodist Church
Aiskew is located in North Yorkshire
Aiskew
Aiskew
Aiskew shown within North Yorkshire
Population 2,427 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference SE271885
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BEDALE
Postcode district DL
Dialling code 01677
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
YorkshireCoordinates: 54°17′30″N 1°35′04″W / 54.29153°N 1.58451°W / 54.29153; -1.58451

Aiskew is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England.[2][3] The village is situated to the immediate north-east of Bedale and separated from it by Bedale Beck.

History[edit]

Remains of a Roman Villa were unearthed, in 2015, north of Sand Hill in the village. The building is thought to have been two storeys high with a hypocaust on the ground floor. Animal remains were found extensivley across the site. It is thought the site dated from the third to fourth century AD and would have been situated along Dere Street.[4] The site was covered as part of the construction of the Bedale, Aiskew and Leeming Bar by-pass that opened on 11 August 2016 as part of the upgrade to the A1(M)[5]

The village was known as Echescol in the Domesday Book in the Hundred of Count Alan of Brittany, the previous Lord having been Gospatric. The village had 7 ploughlands.[6] The Lordship of the Manor followed that of neighbouring Bedale.[7] The etymology of the name is derived from Old Norse words eik (oak) and skógr (wood) and means Oak wood.[8]

Governance[edit]

The village lies within the Richmond Parliamentary constituency; the Bedale ward of Hambleton District Council; and the Bedale Electoral Division of North Yorkshire County Council. Aiskew Civil Parish includes the village of Leeming Bar.

Demography[edit]

According to the 2001 UK Census, the population was 2,163 living in 863 dwellings.[9] The 2011 UK Census showed this had increased to 2,427 in 985 dwellings.[10]

Historical population of Aiskew
(Source: GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth[11])
Year 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961
Population 831 847 833 880 821 789 n/a 860 881

Community[edit]

Aiskew Mill
The Leech House

The village is in the Primary Education Catchment Area of Bedale Church of England Primary School, though it also close to Aiskew, Leeming Bar Church of England Primary School, located in Leeming Bar.[12] It is within the Secondary Education Catchment Area of Bedale High School.[13]

The Wensleydale Railway, a tourist and heritage line, stops at Bedale Station on the Aiskew side of Bedale Beck at the edge of the village.[14] The signal Box opposite Park House in the village is a Grade II listed building.[15]

In the village is an 18th-century, Grade II listed, water mill with all its original wooden machinery.[16] There is also an 18th-century Leech House next to the beck.[17]

Religion[edit]

St Mary & St Joseph Church

The Catholic church in the village is dedicated to St Mary & St Joseph and was built in 1878, designed by a Mr George Goldie of London, after the original Chapel became too small for the congregation.[7]

There had been both a Baptist church and Primitive Methodist Chapel in the village.[7]

The Methodist Church in Aiskew that was part of the Ripon & Lower Dales Methodist Circuit has closed and the congregation merged with the Bedale & District Methodist Church.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 99 Northallerton & Ripon (Pateley Bridge & Leyburn) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2013. ISBN 9780319231593. 
  3. ^ "Ordnance Survey: 1:50,000 Scale Gazetteer" (csv (download)). www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Aiskew Roma Villa (1426407)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  5. ^ "Bedale, Aiskew and Leeming Bar bypass". North Yorkshire County Council. Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  6. ^ Aiskew in the Domesday Book
  7. ^ a b c Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 364. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  8. ^ Watts (ed.). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press (2011). p. 5. 
  9. ^ "Aiskew (Parish) 2001:Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  10. ^ "Aiskew (Parish) 2011:Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  11. ^ "Aiskew through Time: A Vision of Britain through Time". University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  12. ^ "Primary Education Catchment Area" (PDF). Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  13. ^ "Secondary Education Area" (PDF). Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  14. ^ "Wensleydale Railway". Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  15. ^ Historic England. "Aiskew Signal Box (1252652)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  16. ^ Historic England. "Aiskew Water Millx (1150910)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  17. ^ Historic England. "Aiskew Leech House (1150909)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  18. ^ "Methodist Church Closure". Retrieved 11 December 2016. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Aiskew at Wikimedia Commons