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Agya (Sanskrit: आज्ञा, IAST: Agya, English: "command"), or Third-eye Chakra, is the sixth primary Chakra or energy point in the body, according to Hindu tradition. It is a part of the brain which can be made more powerful through repetition, like a muscle, and signifies the conscience. While our two eyes see the physical world, the third eye is believed to reveal insights about the future. The third eye chakra connects us to our inside intuitions, it gives us the ability to communicate with the world and helps us receive messages from the past and the future.
kshetram or superficial location, is between the eyebrows at the base of the nose at the position of the "third eye". The third eye is also referred to as the Pineal Body, this hormone affects the modulation of wake and sleep patterns and Photoperiodic functions. Location makes it a sacred spot where Hindus apply vermilion to show respect.
Ajna has two white petals and is transparent. Inside the pericarp is the Shakti Hakini. It is depicted with a white moon, six faces, and six arms holding a book, a skull, a drum, and a rosary, while making the gestures associated with granting boons and dispelling fears. The downward-pointing triangle above her contains a moon-white lingam. In some systems, the deity Ardhanarishvara, a hermaphrodite from Shiva-Shakti, symbolizes the primordial duality of subject and object and resides within the lingam. Above that triangle is another smaller triangle, containing the bija mantra.
Third eye chakra symbol
The third eye chakra symbol has two elements that are associated with wisdom. The upside down triangle and the lotus flower.
Bija Mantra or Seed
The seed syllable is Om, or "Pranava Om," and is considered the supreme sound of the universe. Ohm is believed to be the basic sound of the world and contains all other sounds. The Bija mantras are one syllable seed sounds that when one says them out loud it activates the energy of the chakras in order to purify and balance the mind and body. When the Bija mantras are spoken, the energy is resonated of that associated chakra, helping one focus on their instinctive awareness of their bodies needs.
Ajna has two white petals, said to represent the psychic channels (nadis) Ida and Pingala, which meet the central Sushumna nadi before rising to the Crown Chakra, Sahasrara. The letter "ham" (हं) is written in white on the left petal and represents Shiva. The letter "ksham" (क्षं), written in white on the right petal, represents Shakti. These two petals also represent the manifest and the unmanifest mind, which are sometimes said to represent the pineal and pituitary glands.
Ajna translates as "command" or "perceive" being considered the eye of intuition and intellect. When something is seen in the mind's eye, or in a dream, it is being seen by the Ajna. It is a bridge that links gurus with disciples while allowing mind communication between two people. The sense organ and action organ associated with Ajna is the mind. As Hindus believe that spiritual energy from the environment enters their body through the Ajna chakra, they take great care to protect it with spiritually positive and protecting forces. The various religious marks on the foreheads of men and women belonging to the Hindu faith, (such as holy ash, namam, vermilion, etc.), are the blessed spiritual prasadam of their respective forms of the Hindu gods. Meditation upon Ajna supposedly grants siddhis, or occult powers, to quickly enter another body at will and to become omniscient. The beholder of these powers realizes unity with Brahman, who has the ability to create, preserve, and destroy the three worlds.
Manas Chakra is responsible for sending sense perceptions to the higher chakras. The petals change color depending on the sense. Directly above Ajna is a minor chakra known as Manas. It possesses six petals, one for each of the five senses and one for sleep. These petals are normally white but assume the color of the senses when activated by them, and black during sleep. This chakra's function is sending sense perceptions to the higher chakras. Association with the body, the parietal eye, (very small grey oval between the regular eyes), of a juvenile bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana). Ajna is normally associated with the third eye on the forehead but also sometimes associated with the pineal gland, which regulates the circadian rhythm and is related to an actual light-sensitive 'third eye,' (Parietal eye) found in some lizards, amphibians, and fish. It is also sometimes associated with the pituitary gland, which is a major endocrine gland. Practices in kundalini yoga, the practices said to stimulate the Ajna chakra include: Trataka (steady gazing), Shambhavi Mudra (gazing at the space between the eyebrows), and some forms of Pranayama (breath exercises).
Comparisons with other Systems
- In Tibetan Buddhism, this chakra is at the end of the central channel, which runs up the body to the top of the head, and then over and down, terminating at the forehead. The two side channels continue inward towards the two nostrils and end there. This center is frequently depicted in artwork as the third eye and is used in various meditations. There is also a forehead center above the third eye, which corresponds to the position of Manas, one of the ten chakras in the Mahayoga tantra traditions.
- In Qigong, the highest Dantian is located at this position. This is one of three furnaces that converts the different types of energy in the body. In this Dantian, the spiritual shen energy is converted into wuji, the infinite space of void.
- Within the system of Lataif-e-sitta, there exists a Lataif known as Khafi, or arcane subtlety, in the same position, his is thought to be related to mystical intuition. According to the Kabbalah, there are two sephiroth located on the sixth level, associated with the left and right parts of the face. They are called Chokmah (wisdom), and Binah (understanding); it is at these points that the two side pillars of mercy and severity terminate, while the central pillar carries on rising to kether, the crown.
- In Tantra: Ajita-Patra, Ajna, Ajna-Pura, Ajna-Puri, Ajnamhuja, Ajnapankaja, Bhru-Madhya, Bhru-Madhya-Chakra, Bhru-Madhyaga-Padma, Bhru-Mandala, Bhru-Mula, Bhru-Saroruha, Dwidala, Dwidala-Kamala, Dwidalambuja, Dwipatra, Jnana-Padma, Netra-Padma, Netra-Patra, Shiva-Padma, and Triweni-Kamala
- In the Vedas, Upanishads: Ajna, Baindawa-Sthana, Bhru Chakra, Bhruyugamadhyabila, and Dwidala
- In the Puranas: Ajna, Dwidala, and Trirasna
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