Aq Sunqur al-Hajib
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Abu Said Aq Sunqur al-Hajib (also Qasim ad-Dawla or Aksungur al-Hajib) was the Seljuk governor of Aleppo under Sultan Malik Shah I. He was considered the de facto ruler of most of Syria from 1087. He was beheaded in 1094 following accusations of treason by Tutush I, the ruler of Damascus.
Aleppo and Hama
Aleppo before his rule
Because of the many conflicts between the rulers and princes of the regions, conditions within the city were difficult. A combination of high taxes and gzasods prices led to an increase in crime.
Aq-Sunqur began reforming by fixing the security situation in Aleppo and its environs. He activated the Hudud in Islam, repelling thieves and bandits and stamping out corruption. He increased the use of the police to secure civilian rights. He used the police authority to protect people rather than to control them. Aq-Sunqur created the "principle of collective responsibility" for every village or sector, which meant that if a village was raided by thieves, the whole village shared the responsibility of defending it.
Because of his policy to make order in the city, it became a suitable place for trading and farming, the economy recovered and inflation went down.
He asked the people to not remove their goods from the road should they travel, stating that he would guarantee that their goods would not be stolen.
Ibn al-Qalanisi said in his book The history of Damascus: that he was just with the people, he protected the roads, guaranteed order, treated religion properly, attacked corruption and removed the bad people.
Tutush I killed Aq-Sunqur in May 1094.
- Maalouf, Amin (1985). The Crusades Through Arab Eyes.
- Shaker, Mustafa. دخول الترك الغز إلى الشام Entering of Turks to Sham. pp. 307، 314، 315.
Al Sharif Bin Al Habiby
|Sultan of Aleppo
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