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Al-Udri or Al-Udhri (in full Abu al-abbas Ahmad ibn Umar ibn Anas ibn Dilhat ibn Abu al-Jiyar Anas ibn Faladan ibn Imran ibn Munayb ibn Zugayba ibn Qutba al-Udri, Arabic: أحمد بن عمر بن انس بن دلهاث بن انس بن فلذان بن عمر بن منيب العذري‎‎, 1003–1085), was a Muwallad geographer[1][2] and historian of Al-Andalus.

Born in Almería in 1003, Al-Udri journeyed to Mecca as a young boy. During his ten year stay, he studied with Abu Dhar al-Harawi. Upon his return to al-Andalus he was apprenticed to Abu Umar Ibn 'Abd al-Barr and later Ibn Hazm.[3] He lived in Zaragoza and was the author of a geographical-historical compendium about the Taifa of Zaragoza in al-Andalus, in which he gives the annals of the region. He is also the author of the family histories of the Banu Qasi, Banu Sabrit, and Banu Tujibi, which are now lost, but were cited by al-Maqqari. He is best known for the Tarsi al-akhbar(Nizam al-murdjan),[4] a history of the civil wars and rebellions on the Upper March and the civil war in the Taifa of Almería.


  • "Tarsi al-ajbar wa-tanwi al-atar wa-l-bustan", relevant parts of which have been abstracted and translated by E. Molina López in "La cora de Tudmir según al-Udri", Cuadernos de Historia del Islam, 4 (1972), 7-113; and Fernando de La Granja in "A marca superior en la obra de Al-Udri", Estudios de la Edad Media de la Corona de Aragón, VIII (1967), 457-461.
  • Biography of the qadi Muhammad ibn Furtis
  • "Books of the characteristics of prophecy", about theology and law, now lost
  • "The thread of pearls around the paths and the kingdoms", as Yaqut calls it, about geography



  1. ^ Clay Stalls, Possessing the Land: Aragon's Expansion in Islam's Ebro Frontier Under Alfonso the Battler, 1104-1134, (Brill, 1995), 10.
  2. ^ Ann Christys, Christians in Al-Andalus 711-1000, (Routledge, 2002), 75.
  3. ^ Al-Udhri, L.Molina, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. X, ed. P.J.Bearman, T. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E.van Donzel and W.P.Heinrichs, (Brill, 2000), 776.
  4. ^ Al-Udhri, L.Molina, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. X, 777.

See also[edit]

List of Muslim historians