Alain Fuchs

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Alain Fuchs
BornApril 10, 1953 (1953-04-10) (age 65)
NationalityFrench
EducationÉcole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
Scientific career
FieldsPhysical Chemistry
Institutions
Doctoral advisorHenri Szwarc
Websitehttps://scholar.google.fr/citations?user=ayvvVOAAAAAJ

Alain Fuchs (born April 10, 1953 in Lausanne) is a Swiss-born French Doctor of Science and chemistry Professor, specialized in molecular simulation. He is also university administrator. He served as the president of Chimie ParisTech from 2006 to 2010. He has served as the president of the French National Centre for Scientific Research from 2010 to 2017.[1]'[2] He became an Officer of the Legion of Honour in 2014.[3]

Since 24 October 2017, he is president of PSL Research University (Paris Sciences & Lettres).[4]

Biography[edit]

Alain Fuchs graduated as a Chemical engineer (1975) at EPFL.[5] In 1983, he became a doctor in Physical Chemistry at Université Paris-Sud; his dissertation was “Cristaux vitreux et transition vitreuse” (about glass crystals).[6] He was also a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Edinburgh (1984–1985).[7]

Career[edit]

Alain Fuchs joined CNRS in 1985 as a research fellow. He became a research director in 1991. In 1995, he became chemistry professor at Université Paris-Sud. Between 2000 and 2005, he set up and directed the Laboratory of Physic Chemistry (UMR 8000) at Campus d'Orsay. He also worked as the President of the agrégation in chemistry from 1998 to 2001 and he directed the Section 13 of the Comité national de la recherche scientifique between 2004 and 2008. He was also Professor at the Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) in thermodynamics and statistical thermodynamics, intermolecular and surface forces, molecular simulation techniques, history of chemistry and physical chemistry. He served as the president of Chimie ParisTech from 2006 to 2010.[5]

In January 2010, he was appointed President of the CNRS, succeeding Catherine Bréchignac (former President) d'Arnold Migus (former managing director).[8] · [9] · [10] Fuchs’s mandate ended in 2014. After holding the position in interim for one month],[11] he was appointed again by the Ministry of Higher Education.[12]

In October 2017, Fuchs quit the position of CNRS President and became the President of Université PSL (collegiate university including 9 membres and 10 associate members).

Fields of research[edit]

His research activity is dedicated to the theory, modelling and molecular thermodynamics of fluids confined in various types of porous materials modeling and molecular simulation of confined fluids.[5] “Forced intrusion of water and aqueous solutions in microporous materials: from fundamental thermodynamics to energy storage devices”[13] (Chem. Soc. Rev.,46 (2017)) or “On the use of the IAST method for gas separation studies in porous materials with gate-opening behavior”[14] (Adsorption, 24 (2018)) are part of his last recent and major publications.

Alain Fuchs is a member of the Academia Europaea[15] and he was a member of the editorial board of the journal Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics.

He co-authored two books:

  • Anne Boutin; Gilberte Dosseh; Alain Fuchs (1997). Éléments de thermodynamique. Cours et exercices corrigés pour le deuxième cycle de chimie, chimie-physique et sciences physiques (in French). Elsevier Masson.
  • Georges Bram; Françoise Chamozzi; Alain Fuchs; André Grelon; Caroline Lanciano-Morandat; Laurence Mordenti (1995). La Chimie dans la société. Son rôle, son image (in French). L’Harmattan.

Major works[edit]

  • Anne Boutin; François-Xavier Coudert; Guillaume Fraux; Alain Fuchs (2017). "Forced intrusion of water and aqueous solutions in microporous materials: from fundamental thermodynamics to energy storage devices". Chem. Soc. Rev. (46): 7421–7437.
  • Thomas D. Bennett; Anthony K. Cheetham; François-Xavier Coudert; Alain Fuchs (2017). "Interplay between defects, disorder and flexibility in metal-organic frameworks". Nature Chemistry (9): 11–16.
  • François-Xavier Coudert; Alain Fuchs (2016). "Computational characterization and prediction of metal-organic framework properties". Coordination Chemistry Reviews (307): 2011–236.
  • Thomas D. Bennett; Anthony K. Cheetham; François-Xavier Coudert; Alain Fuchs (2016). "Flexibility and disorder in metal-organic frameworks". Dalton Transactions (45): 4058.
  • Anne Boutin; François-Xavier Coudert; Alain Fuchs; Aurélie U. Ortiz (2012). "Anisotropic elastic properties of flexible metal-organic frameworks: how soft are soft porous crystals?". Physical Review Letters (109): 195502.
  • Anne Boutin; François-Xavier Coudert; Alain Fuchs; Alexander V. Neimark (2010). "Stress-based model for the " breathing " of metal-organic frameworks". Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (1): 445.
  • Anne Boutin; François‐Xavier Coudert; Gerard Ferey; Alain Fuchs; Antoine Gedeon; Thierry Loiseau; Andrei Nossov; Marie‐Anne Springuel‐Huet; Christophe Volkringer (2009). "Breathing transitions in MIL-53(Al) Metal-Organic Framework upon xenon adsorption". Angewandte Chemie International Edition (48): 8314.
  • Anne Boutin; François‐Xavier Coudert; Alain Fuchs; Marie Jeffroy; Caroline Mellot-Draznieks (2008). "Thermodynamics of guest-induced structural transitions in hybrid organic-inorganic frameworks". Journal of the American Chemical Society (130): 14294.
  • Anne Boutin; Fabien Cailliez; Isabelle Demachy; Alain Fuchs; Joël Patarin; Michel Soulard; Mickael Trzpit (2008). "Thermodynamics of water intrusion in nanoporous hydrophobic solids". Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (Cover article) (10): 4817.
  • Anne Boutin; Fabien Cailliez; Isabelle Demachy; Nicolas Desbiens; Alain Fuchs; Joël Patarin; Michel Soulard; Mickael Trzpit (2007). "The effect of local defects on water adsorption in silicalite-1 zeolite. A joint experimental and molecular simulation study". Langmuir (23): 10131.
  • Isabelle Demachy; Nicolas Desbiens; Alain Fuchs; Helène Kirsch‐Rodeschini; Joël Patarin; Michel Soulard (2005). "Water condensation in hydrophobic nanopores". Angewandte Chemie International Edition (44): 5310.
  • Anthony K. Cheetham; Alain Fuchs (2001). "Adsorption of guest molecules in zeolitic materials: computational aspects". The Journal of Physical Chemistry B (105): 7375.
  • Christele Beauvais; Anne Boutin; Jerome Delhommelle; Alain Fuchs; Bernard Rousseau; Philippe Ungerer (2000). "Optimization of the anisotropic united atoms intermolecular potential for n-alkanes". Journal of Chemical Physics (112): 5499.
  • Anne Boutin; Alain Fuchs; Jean-Bernard Maillet (1996). "Numerical evidence of an embryonic orientational phase transition in small nitrogen clusters". Physical Review Letters (76): 4336.

Honors and awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jacqué, Philippe (January 14, 2010). "Un nouveau patron pour le CNRS". Le Monde. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  2. ^ "Anne Peyroche est nommée présidente du CNRS par intérim". CNRS. October 24, 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  3. ^ "ORDRE NATIONAL DU MÉRITE" (PDF). Journal Officiel de la République Française. May 15, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  4. ^ "Alain Fuchs elected president of PSL | PSL". www.univ-psl.fr. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
  5. ^ a b c Educpro (2017). "Alain Fuchs: Biography" (in French).
  6. ^ Alain Fuchs Cristaux vitreux et transition vitreuse - Université Paris-Sud - 1983 – Doctoral advisor : Henri Szwarc - Dissertation number: 1983PA112380 - SUDOC website - Worldcat : 490643197
  7. ^ Jean-François Preveraud (2015-02-18). "Alain Fuchs, un pédagogue à la tête du CNRS". Industrie&technologies (in French). Retrieved 2015-04-23.
  8. ^ Philippe Jacqué (2010-01-21). "Alain Fuchs : une nouvelle chimie pour le CNRS". Le Monde (in French).
  9. ^ "Communiqué - Alain Fuchs est nommé président du CNRS". CNRS (in French). 2010-01-20. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
  10. ^ Décret du 21 janvier 2010 portant nomination du président du Centre national de la recherche scientifique, JORF n°0018 du 22 janvier 2010 page 1427, texte n° 90
  11. ^ (in French) Arrêté du 10 janvier 2014 portant attribution de fonctions au Centre national de la recherche scientifique, JORF n°0013 du 16 janvier 2014 page 760 texte n° 46
  12. ^ (in French) Décret du 27 février 2014 portant nomination du président du Centre national de la recherche scientifique, JORF n°0050 du 28 février 2014 page 3943 texte n° 112
  13. ^ Guillaume Fraux; François-Xavier Coudert; Anne Boutin; Alain Fuchs (2017). "Forced intrusion of water and aqueous solutions in microporous materials: from fundamental thermodynamics to energy storage devices". Chem. Soc. Rev. (46): 7421–7437.
  14. ^ Thomas D. Bennett; Anthony K. Cheetham; Alain H. Fuchs; François-Xavier Coudert (2017). "Interplay between defects, disorder and flexibility in metal-organic frameworks". Nature Chemistry (9): 11–16.
  15. ^ "Alain H. Fuchs". Academia Europaea. Retrieved 2015-03-23.
  16. ^ (in French) Décret du 13 juillet 2010 portant promotion et nomination, JORF n°0161 du 14 juillet 2010 page 13049, texte n° 4
  17. ^ "Ordre national du mérite - décret du 14 mai 2014" (PDF). Légion d'honneur (in French). 2014-05-15. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
  18. ^ "Alain Fuchs reçoit les insignes d'Officier de l'Ordre national du Québec des mains du Premier Ministre du Québec". CNRS (in French). 2014-11-07. Retrieved 2015-04-18.