Alexander Buchan (meteorologist)
Dr Alexander Buchan LLD FRS FRSE (11 April 1829, Kinnesswood, Portmoak – 13 May 1907, Edinburgh) was a Scottish meteorologist, oceanographer and botanist and is credited with establishing the weather map as the basis of modern weather forecasting. He also proposed the theory of Buchan Spells.
Buchan was born in Kinnesswood on the north side of Loch Leven, the son of Alexander Buchan, a weaver, and Margaret Day Hill.
He was Secretary of the Scottish Meteorological Society for 47 years. From 1860 until his death he was the editor of the Journal of the Scottish Meteorological Society and he was also a member of the Council of the Meteorological Office as well as the curator of the library of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. He was instrumental in establishing the Ben Nevis observatory. Buchan prepared meteorological and oceanographic reports for the Challenger Expedition.
Buchan was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1868 and became its Curator in 1878 and served until 1906. He was also their Vice President 1906-1907.
He received the Makdougall-Brisbane prize in 1876 and the Gunning Victoria Jubilee prize in 1893 of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1898.  He was the first recipient of the Symons Gold Medal of the Royal Meteorological Society in 1902.
Buchan died at home 2, Dean Terrace in Edinburgh on 13 May 1907 and is buried in Warriston Cemetery on the north side of the city. The Celtic cross marking his grave stands close to a junction ion the paths 50m south og the monument to James Young Simpson at the end of the central vaults.
The Buchan Prize, named in his honour, was instituted to commemorate the amalgamation in 1921 of the Scottish Meteorological Society and the Royal Meteorological Society. 
- The Atmospheric Circulation
- Handy book of Meteorology (1867)
- Introductory Textbook of Meteorology (1871)
- Encyclopædia Britannica 9th edition: Atmosphere (1875)
In 1864 he married Sarah Ritchie (d.1900)
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
- "The Royal Meteorological Society’s Conference on Weather Forecasting and Climate Change". Royal Meteorological Society. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
- Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Jan 1870
- "Fellow details". Royal Society. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
- Walker, Malcolm. History of the Meteorological Office. p. 132.
- "Awards-The Buchan Prize". Royal Meteorological Society. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
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