Alexander Hegius von Heek

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Alexander Hegius von Heek (?1433/1439/1440? – 7 December 1498) was a German humanist, so called from his birthplace Heek (located near Ahaus, then in the Duchy of Westphalia).

In his youth he was a pupil of Rodolphus Agricola[1] and Thomas à Kempis. Thomas à Kempis was at that time canon of the convent of St. Agnes at Zwolle. In 1474 he settled down at Deventer in the Netherlands, where he either founded or succeeded to the headship of a school, which became famous for the number of its distinguished alumni. First and foremost of these was Erasmus; others were Hermann von dem Busche and Murmellius, the missionaries of humanism, Conrad Goclenius (Gockelen), Conrad Mutianus (Muth von Mudt) and Pope Adrian VI.[2]

His writings, consisting of short poems, philosophical essays, grammatical notes and letters, were published after his death by his pupil Jacobus Faber. They display considerable knowledge of Latin, but less of Greek, on the value of which he strongly insisted.[2]

Hegius's chief claim to be remembered rests not upon his published works, but upon his services in the cause of humanism. He succeeded in abolishing the old-fashioned medieval textbooks and methods of instruction, and led his pupils to the study of the classical authors themselves. His generosity in assisting poor students exhausted a considerable fortune, and at his death he left nothing but his books and clothes.[2]


  1. ^ "Memoirs of Eminent Teachers and Educators With Contributions to the History of Education in Germany" Page 65, 1878
  2. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hegius [von Heek], Alexander". Encyclopædia Britannica. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 208. This work in turn cites:
    • Dietrich Reichling, “Beiträge zur Charakteristik des Alex. Hegius, Joseph Hortenius, &c.” in the Monatsschrift fur Westdeutschland (1877)
    • Hermann Hamelmann, Opera genealogico-historica (1711)
    • Heinrich August Erhard, Geschichte des Wiederaufblühens wissenschaftlicher Bildung (1826)
    • Karl Krafft and Wilhelm Crecelius, editors, “Alexander Hegius und seine Schüler,” from the works of Johannes Butzbach, one of Hegius's pupils, in Zeitschrift des bergischen Geschichtsvereins, vii (Bonn, 1871)