Alexei Mordashov

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Alexey Mordashov
Alexey Mordashov, 2018.jpg
Born (1965-09-26) 26 September 1965 (age 53)
Cherepovets, USSR (now Russia)
NationalityRussian
Alma materLeningrad Engineering-Economical Institute
University of Northumbria
OccupationMajority shareholder of Severstal
Net worthUS$19.7 billion (August 2018)[1]
Spouse(s)
Elena Mordashova
(m. 1986; divorce 1996)

Elena Mordashova (second wife also Elena)
Children6
Awards

Alexey Alexandrovich Mordashov (Russian: Алексей Александрович Мордашов; born 26 September 1965), is a Russian billionaire businessman. He is the main shareholder and chairman of Severstal,[2] a Russian conglomerate with interests in metal, energy and mining companies. In November 2016, Bloomberg reported that Mordashov was Russia’s richest person, with an estimated worth of $15.7 billion.[3]

Early life[edit]

Mordashov is the son of parents who were both steel mill workers.[1] He reported that his family used welfare coupons, allowed only 200g of butter and 400g of sausages per month.[4] He graduated with a bachelor's degree from the Leningrad Engineering-Economical Institute, currently known as ENGECON. He later gained an MBA from Northumbria University in Newcastle upon Tyne, England, in 2001.[5] In an address to students at the European University at Saint Petersburg, Mordashov spoke about his decision to study in Leningrad rather than Moscow and the value his undergraduate studies played in his search for employment and eventual career path.[6] Returning to Cherepovets he started his career by joining the same steel plant where his parents had worked.

Career[edit]

In 1988 he joined Cherepovetskiy Metallurgical Plant after graduation from Leningrad Engineering-Economical Institut as an economist. By 1992 he became finance director, shortly before the company was privatised.[7] When the plant's elderly director instructed him to acquire shares to keep them out of the hands of an outsider, he formed two investment funds and, by buying up workers' shares, built a major stake in the factory.[1] In 1996 he was appointed as CEO of the company. He went on to build a conglomerate, Severstal, acquiring steel, coal and mining companies.[8]

In 2004, Mordashov started investing in US steel companies, purchasing companies in Dearborn, MI and Columbus, MS. The acquisition included the Rouge Plant in Dearborn.[9][10] He received a loan from the United States Department of Energy to renovate and refurbish the manufacturing plants in Dearborn.[11] The value of the loan, over $370 million, was revoked in 2012, after growing political tensions between the US and Russia.

Between 2004 and 2014, Mordashov and Severstal invested up to $3 billion in both the Dearborn and Columbus plants.[12] In 2011 he sold a number of US assets in Ohio, Maryland and West Virginia to the Renco Group, owned by industrialist Ira Rennert.[13] By 2014 all of Severstal's US investments had been sold for a total of $2.3 billion.[14][15]

His company Severstal planned a multibillion-dollar project in joint venture with POSCO in eastern India. After ten years of not getting environmental and land clearances, his company opted out in 2008.[16][17]

In autumn 2007, Mordashov purcased shares in TUI Travel.[18] As he increased his stake to the largest single shareholder through his S-Group Travel,[19] TUI Travel under Michael Frenzel[20] expanded into Eastern Europe and Russia in 2008,[19][20] China and India in 2009,[20] and sold off its shipping interests, Hapag-Lloyd AG,[21] to the Albert Ballin Consortium in March 2009.[22] In 2014, he held a blocking stake of more than 25% in TUI Travel when TUI Travel was absorbed by TUI Group.[23] In October 2018, he has a 24.9% stake[24] in TUI Group through his S-Group Travel and has been on the TUI Group supervisory board since 2016.[25]

In 2011, Mordashov purchased 25% of the shares in steam turbine manufacturer, Power Machines, from Siemens.[26] In 2013, with partner Yuri Kovalchuk, Mordashov bought 50% of Tele2 Russia, the country's 4th largest mobile phone operator.[27]

In 2012, Mordashov consolidated Severstal's gold mining assets into one company, Nord Gold N.V.[28][29][30] The company was listed on the London Stock Exchange (LSE: NORD LI).[31] In 2013, Nord Gold was awarded a license to embark on gold exploration in Siberia.[32][33] In 2017 Mordashov announced plans to delist Nordgold[34] from the London Stock Exchange (LSE)[35] citing unfair valuation as the reason. The LSE requires that companies have at least 25% as free float, while Mordashov owns 91% of the company.[36]

Mordashov was elected as chairman of the World Steel Association in October 2012.[citation needed] In 2011, he was the only Russian participant in a meeting of Bilderberg Club at St Moritz, Switzerland.[37]

In June 2013, Mordashov was the fifth largest shareholder of Rossiya Bank owning 6%.[38]

In 2015, Mordashov stepped down as CEO, appointing former COO Vadim Larin, in his place.[39] Mordashov would be appointed as chairman.[40][41] The changes were confirmed by Severstal.[42]

Personal life[edit]

Mordashov and his first wife Elena (sometimes Yelena) have a son, Ilya, and divorced in 1996.[43][44] In 2001, it was revealed in a St Petersburg divorce court that he was paying only $620 a month to support his ex-wife and son,[43] when she sued him for half of his pre-divorce property but lost the case and incurred large fees.[45][46] The case was eventually settled after she took it to the European Court of Human Rights.[47]

By 2001, Mordashov had married his second wife, also Elena, and had had two more sons.[44][48]

Philanthropy[edit]

Through Severstal:

  • Sponsor of the Bolshoi Theatre[49]
  • sponsor of the Mariinsky Theatre
  • sponsor of the Tretyakov Gallery
  • sponsor of the Russian Museum
  • sponsor of the Museum of Frescoes by Dionisius
  • sponsor of the Sergei Andriaka Watercolour School
  • sponsor of the Moscow International Film Festival
  • sponsor of the Road Back Home charity for homeless children
  • sponsor of the "Severstal Cherepovets" super-league ice-hockey team[50]
  • sponsor of the Dynamo (Moscow) Women's Volleyball Club
  • sponsor of the Russian national male chess team[51]
  • sponsor of over 20 Russian sports facilities including sports stadiums, ice rings, heated football fields and athletic centres.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Forbes profile: Alexey Mordashov". Forbes. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Severstal - Alexey Mordashov". www.severstal.com. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
  3. ^ "Russia Has a New Richest Man". Bloomberg.com. 2016-11-01. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  4. ^ Ltd., World Of CEOs. "Alexey Mordashov, CEO, Severstal JSC - World of CEOs". www.worldofceos.com. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  5. ^ "Alexey Mordashov". Forbes. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  6. ^ "A Meeting with Alexei Mordashov". EUSP. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  7. ^ "Alexey-Mordashov". Archived from the original on 3 February 2016.
  8. ^ Walsh, Conal (18 June 2006). "Steely ambition of worker who bought the company". The Observer. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  9. ^ "Meet America's biggest bull (Hint: He's Russian)". Fortune. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  10. ^ "Russia's Steel King Is Betting Billions on Detroit". Forbes. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  11. ^ "Russian Billionaire Awarded Controversial Energy Dept. Loan". Forbes. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  12. ^ "Severstal: No plans to expand in U.S. as 2 steel lines go live". Automotive News. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  13. ^ Elmquist, Sonja; Fedorinova, Yuliya. "Russian Steel Billionaire Mordashov Seeks U.S. Pull Out". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  14. ^ "Alexey Mordashov". Forbes. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  15. ^ Fedorinova, Yuliya. "Russia's Severstal Sells U.S. Plants for $2.3 Billion". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  16. ^ Jung-a, Song (2013-07-16). "Posco drops $5.3bn India steel project". Financial Times. ISSN 0307-1766. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  17. ^ "Russian steel giant Severstal decides to pull out of India". www.sunday-guardian.com. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  18. ^ Heitmann, Jens (30 August 2010). "Alexej Mordaschow baut Einfluss bei TUI aus" [Alexei Mordashov is extending his influence at TUI]. Göttinger Tageblatt (in German). Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  19. ^ a b "TUI gründet mit Mordaschow Reisetochter in Russland Touristikkonzern und Oligarch vertiefen Partnerschaft" [TUI establishes a subsidiary in Russia with Mordashov. Touristkonzern and Oligarch deepen partnership.]. Financial Times Deutschland (in German). 11 April 2008. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  20. ^ a b c "Russischer Investor baut Einfluss bei TUI aus" [Russian investor is extending his influence at TUI]. Der Spiegel (in German). 31 January 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  21. ^ Wnuck, Corinna (30 August 2010). "Tui-Großaktionär stockt Anteil auf" [Tui major shareholder increases stake]. Finance (in German). Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  22. ^ Kuehnen, Eva (23 March 2009). "TUI AG completes sale of Hapag-Lloyd unit". Reuters. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
  23. ^ "Roundup: Tui-Großaktionär Mordaschow nähert sich der Sperrminorität" [Roundup: Tui major shareholder Mordashov approaches the blocking minority]. Bild (in German). 1 September 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  24. ^ "Shareholder structure". TUI Group. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  25. ^ "Алексей Мордашов приблизил свою долю в TUI к блокирующему пакету" [Alexey Mordashov brought his stake in TUI closer to the blocking stake]. RBC (in Russian). 10 January 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  26. ^ "Mordashov Eyes Power Machines Buy - Kommersant Moscow". www.kommersant.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  27. ^ Khrennikov, Ilya. "Putin's Billionaire Ally Buys Half of Tele2 Russia Operator". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  28. ^ "Nordgold eyes London listing". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  29. ^ "Nord Gold may be spun-off from Severstal before end of January". www.akm.ru. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  30. ^ "Severstal - Separation of Nordgold". www.severstal.com. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  31. ^ Kolyandr, Alexander. "Severstal to list Nord Gold unit on LSE Thursday". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  32. ^ "News". Nordgold - more than gold. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  33. ^ "Russia's Nord Gold wins license for Siberian gold field". UPI. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  34. ^ "Nordgold considers delisting - Mining Journal". www.mining-journal.com. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  35. ^ "Russia's Nordgold says considers delisting from London Stock Exchange". Reuters. 2017-01-31. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  36. ^ "Russia Richest Man Delists Gold Miner in London on Low Value". Bloomberg.com. 2017-02-09. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  37. ^ "List of participants of Bilderberg Club meeting in 2011". Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  38. ^ "У петербургского банка "Россия" в кризис на Кипре завис миллиард долларов: По оценке независимых экспертов, на кипрском депозите в период заморозки находилась треть денежных средств организации" [The St. Petersburg Bank "Russia" in the crisis in Cyprus, a billion dollars: According to independent experts, a third of the organization's money was frozen in the Cyprus accounts.] (in Russian). Neva.Today. June 28, 2013. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
  39. ^ "UPDATE 1-Russia's Severstal says CEO Mordashov to step down". Reuters. 2015-04-27. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  40. ^ Williams, Sandy. "New CEO for Severstal as Mordashov Steps Down - Steel Market Update". www.steelmarketupdate.com. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  41. ^ "CEO of Russia's Severstal Steps Down | Business". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  42. ^ "Severstal - Severstal announces plans in respect to changes to Chairman and CEO". www.severstal.com. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  43. ^ a b Blomfield, Adrian (2 September 2008). "The $1bn 'minigarchs': The children of Russia's oligarchs". Retrieved 10 March 2018 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  44. ^ a b Warren, From Marcus (27 August 2001). "Email from Russia". Retrieved 10 March 2018 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  45. ^ "BBC News | BUSINESS | Russian steel giant caught in divorce row". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  46. ^ Barchenko, Anastasía (2014-03-23). "The price of divorce for Russian oligarchs". Russia Beyond The Headlines. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  47. ^ Bershidsky, Leonid (2014-05-20). "Oligarch's Ex-Wife Earned Her $4.5 Billion". Bloomberg View. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  48. ^ "The thrown wives of oligarchs". rusnewsjournal.com. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  49. ^ "Board of Trustees". www.bolshoi.ru. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  50. ^ "Alexei Mordashov: profile of a Russian steel magnate", Telegraph, 31 January 2011. Accessed 8 March 2016.
  51. ^ "Russian 'Super-Final' with top players". Chess News. 2003-12-30. Retrieved 2016-01-28.