Alfa Romeo 2300
|Alfa Romeo 2300|
|Also called||Alfa Romeo 2300 Rio|
|Production||March 1974– November 1986|
Xerém Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (1974–1978)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Related||Alfa Romeo 1900|
|Engine||2,310 cc (141.0 cu in) I4|
|Wheelbase||2,730 mm (107 in)|
|Length||4,690–4,719 mm (184.6–185.8 in)|
|Width||1,692 mm (66.6 in)|
|Height||1,362 mm (53.6 in)|
|Curb weight||1,360–1,412 kg (2,998–3,113 lb)|
The Alfa Romeo 2300 is a Brazilian luxury sedan that was produced by FNM from 1974 to 1978, and by Fiat from 1978 to 1986. The general look of the new car was very similar to that of the Italian built Alfetta sedan, designed by Giuseppe Scarnati and first offered in Europe in 1972, although the Brazilian car was actually 41 centimetres (16 in) longer and 7 centimetres (2.8 in) wider than the Alfetta. Under the skin, the 2300 was based technically on the older Alfa Romeo 1900. The gear box of the 2300 was conventionally located adjacent to the engine and not (as with the Alfetta) across the rear axle. Like its Brazilian predecessor, the FNM 2000, the 2300 featured a four-cylinder twin camshaft engine, now of 2,310 cc with a claimed output of 140 hp (100 kW). A maximum speed of 170 km/h (106 mph) was claimed. For the 1985 model year the 2300 was renamed as "Alfa Romeo 85". This model was supposedly manufactured until November 1986, although a final 243 Alfa Romeos were built in Brazil in 1987.
As demand for ethanol-powered cars rose, a stockpile of petrol-powered 2300s built up: as a result, Alfa Romeo forced the Brazilian Alfa Romeo on European (Dutch, Swiss, and German) importers in 1981 under the designation Alfa Romeo 2300 Rio. Around 600 of the cars were shipped to The Netherlands. The cars proved nearly unsellable and severe quality issues further deteriorated Alfa Romeo's image in Central and Northern Europe, with the importers eventually being forced to buy back the majority of the cars brought over. In the Netherlands, the bought back cars were sold on to used car dealers after three years in outdoors storage; without warranties the already decaying cars caused severe damage to Alfa Romeo's already crumbling reputation. The only real value of the Rio seems to have been to provide parts for restorers of vintage Alfa Romeo 1900s.
|Model||Engine||Max. Power||Max. Torque||Fuel system||Acceleration 0–100 km/h s,||Top speed|
|2300 (1975)||2,310 cc I4||103 kW (140 hp SAE) at 5700 rpm||214 N·m (158 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm||1 double carburetor||n/a||170 km/h (106 mph)|
|2300 ti (1978)||2,310 cc I4||110 kW (149 SAE-PS) at 5700 rpm||235 N·m (173 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm||2 double carburetors||n/a||195 km/h (121 mph)|
|2300 ti4 (1985)||2,310 cc I4||120 kW (165 PS) at 5700 rpm||235 N·m (173 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm||2 double carburetors||12,0||195 km/h (121 mph)|
- Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (9 March 1989). Automobil Revue 1989 (in German and French). 84. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 615. ISBN 3-444-00482-6.
- "fnm - alfa romeo's Brazilian connection 1950-1986". italiaspeed. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- Hendriks, Ben (1991). "De Alfa Romeo 2300 "Rio"". Het Klaverblaadje (in Dutch). The Netherlands: Stichting Club Alfa Romeo Bezitters (SCARB) (54): 25–26.
- Automobil Revue, Katalognummern 1968 bis 1973 (technical data)
- auto katalog, 1985/86 edition (ti4 data)