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Alphons (Latinized Alphonsus, Adelphonsus, Adefonsus) is a male given name recorded from the 8th century (Alfonso I of Asturias, r. 739-757) in the Christian successor states of the Visigothic kingdom in the Iberian peninsula. In the later medieval period it became a standard name in the Hispanic and Portuguese royal families.
It is derived from a Gothic name, or a conflation of several Gothic names; from *Aþalfuns, composed of the elements aþal "noble" and funs "eager, brave, ready", and perhaps influenced by names such as *Alafuns, *Adefuns and *Hildefuns. It is recorded as Adefonsus in the 9th and 10th century, and as Adelfonsus, Adelphonsus in the 10th to 11th. The reduced form Alfonso is recorded in the late 9th century, and the Portuguese form Afonso from the early 11th. 
Iberian royal families
- Alfonso I of Asturias - (739-757)
- Alfonso II of Asturias - (791-842)
- Alfonso III of León - (866-910)
- Alfonso Fróilaz of Galicia - (925-926)
- Alfonso IV of León - (925-931)
- Alfonso V of León - (999-1028)
- Alfonso VI of León - (1065–1109)
- Alfonso VII of León - (1126–1157)
- Alfonso VIII of Castile - (1158–1214)
- Alfonso IX of León - (1188–1230)
- Alfonso X of Castile - (1252–1284)
- Alfonso XI of Castile - (1312–1350)
- Alfonso I of Aragon ("the Battler", el Batallador) - (1104–1134)
- Alfonso II of Aragon -- (1162–1196)
- Alfonso III of Aragon - (1285–1291)
- Alfonso IV of Aragon - (1327–1336)
- Alfonso V of Aragon - (1416–1458), also king of Naples and Sicily
- Alfonso II of Naples - (1448–1495)
- Afonso I of Portugal - (1109–1185)
- Afonso II of Portugal - (1185–1223)
- Alfonso of Leon, Lord of Molina (1203–1272).
- Afonso III of Portugal - (1210–1279)
- Afonso IV of Portugal - (1291–1357)
- Afonso V of Portugal - (1432–1481)
- Alfonso Jordan (1103–1148)
- Alphonse, Count of Poitiers (1220–1271)
- Alfonso of Valladolid - (ca. 1270 – ca. 1347), Jewish convert to Christianity, philosopher, and mathematician
- Alphonso, Earl of Chester, first son of Edward I of England, named after his godfather Alfonso X of Castile; died in childhood.
- Juan Alfonso de Baena (ca. 1375 – ca. 1434), Castilian troubadour.
Early modern period
- Afonso de Albuquerque, a Portuguese naval officer.
- Alfonso I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara during the time of the War of the League of Cambrai.
- Afonso VI of Portugal - (1656–1683)
- Nzinga Mbemba, also known as "Afonso I of Kongo" (1505–1543)
- Afonso II of Kongo - (1561)
- Alphonse de Tonty, Baron de Paludy (ca. 1659 – 1727)
- Afonso III of Kongo - (1666–1667)
- Afonso, 1st Duke of Braganza, son of John I of Portugal.
- Afonso, Prince of Portugal, son of John II of Portugal.
- Afonso, Duke of Porto, son of Louis I of Portugal.
- Afonso of Portugal, Lord of Portalegre, son of Afonso III of Portugal.
- Araribóia, baptismal name Martim Afonso, leader of the Temiminó tribe in Brazil in the 16th century.
- Cardinal Afonso of Portugal, son of Manuel I of Portugal.
- João Afonso de Aveiro, Portuguese explorer.
- Jorge Afonso, Portuguese Renaissance painter.
- Madragana, babptismal name Mor Afonso, Mozarab mistress to Afonso III of Portugal.
- Alfonso II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara from 1559 to 1597.
- Alfonso II, Count of Provence, second son of Alfonso II of Aragon.
- Alfonso III d'Este, Duke of Modena and Reggio (1628–44).
- Alfonso of Castile, Prince of Asturias, figurehead of rebelling magnates against his brother King Henry IV of Castile.
- Alfonso of Hauteville, Prince of Capua.
- Alphonsus Liguori, Roman Catholic theologian (1696–1787)
- Joseph-Alphonse Esménard (1770–1811)
- Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta (1841–1934), duke of Calabria and head of the royal house of the Two Sicilies
- Alfonso XII of Spain (1857–1885) (ordinal numbering continues from the kings of Castile)
- Alfonso XIII of Spain (1886–1931)
- Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria, claimant to the title of the head of House of Bourbon Two Sicilies.
- Alfonso of Spain, Prince of Asturias, heir-apparent of the throne of Spain 1907-31.
- Elvira Alfonso of Castile, Queen of Sicily.
- Prince Alfonso of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1924–2003), Spanish playboy and businessman.
- Infante Alfonso of Spain, younger brother of former King Juan Carlos of Spain.
- Fadrique Alfonso of Castile, fifth illegitimate child of Alfonso XI of Castile.
- Afonso VII of Portugal, future regnal name of the heir apparent to the current pretender
- Infante Afonso, Prince of Beira, 2nd claimant in line to the Portuguese throne.
- Alfons Goppel (1905–1991), German politician
- Alfons Gorbach (1898–1972), Austrian politician
- Alfons Jēgers (1919–1999), Latvian football and hockey player
- Alfons Karpiński (1875–1961), Polish painter
- Alfons Rebane (1908–1976), Estonian military commander
- Alfonso Soriano, a current Major League Baseball outfielder playing for the New York Yankees
- Alfonso Lizarazo, Colombian host and political
- Alfonso Mejia-Arias, Mexican musician, writer, social activist and politician of Roma origin (Gitano).
- Alfonso Ribeiro, Caribbean-American actor.
- Alfonso John Romero, American video-game designer, programmer, and developer.
- Alfonso Pérez Muñoz, Spanish football (soccer) striker.
- Alfonso Oiterong, Palauan statesman, former Palau vice president 1981-1985
- Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist.
- José Alfonso Belloso y Sánchez, former Archbishop of San Salvador, El Salvador.
- Miguel Alfonso Pérez Aracil, Spanish football (soccer) midfielder.
- Afonso Alves, Brazilian footballer
- Nadir Afonso Rodrigues (1920-2013), Portuguese painter.
- Zeca Afonso, real name José Manuel Cerqueira Afonso dos Santos, Portuguese folk and political musician.
- Alexandre Afonso da Silva, Brazilian footballer.
- Paulo Afonso Evangelista Vieira, Brazilian politician.
- Alfonse D'Amato, a United States Senator from New York
- Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin, a Swiss-American politician
As a surname
- Celestino Alfonso (1916-1944), Spanish republican and volunteer fighter in the French resistance during World War II.
- Roland Alphonso (1931–1998), Jamaican saxophonist.
- Kristian Alfonso (b. 1963), Puerto Rican American soap opera actress.
- Michael Alfonso (1965-2007), ring name Mike Awesome, American wrestler.
- Lylah M. Alphonse (b. 1972), Haitian-Indian-American journalist.
- Alexandre Alphonse (b. 1982), Caribbean-French football player.
- Equis Alfonso, known as X-Alfonso, Cuban hip-hop and afro-rock musician.
- Ozzie Alfonso, Cuban-American TV director and producer.
- Andrey Nazário Afonso, Brazilian Football Goalkeeper.
- Bill "Fonzie" Alfonso, ring name of William Matthew "Bill" Sierra, former Wrestling referee & manager
- Alfons is the stage name of Emmanuel Peterfalvi, a French comedian.
- Alphonso, protagonist in Alfonso und Estrella, an opera by Franz Schubert.
- Don Alfonso, character in Mozart's opera Così fan tutte
- Monsieur Alfonse, a character in the BBC sitcom 'Allo 'Allo!
- Alphonso MacKenzie, fictional character in the Marvel Universe
- Alfie Atkins, known as Alfons Åberg in Swedish, character created by Gunilla Bergström from Sweden
- Alfonzo Dominico Jones, a dog in the Australian television series SeaChange
- Alphonse "Big Boy" Caprice, character in the comic strip Dick Tracy
- Alphonse and Gaston, French duo in a comic strip created by Frederick Burr Opper
- Alphonse Elric from Fullmetal Alchemist
- Alphonse Mephisto, fictional character in the animated television series South Park
- Alfons Heiderich from Fullmetal Alchemist the Movie: Conqueror of Shamballa
- Alphonso Ali, minor character in Bloom County
- Monsieur Alfonse, character in the BBC sitcom Allo 'Allo! played by the actor Kenneth Connor
- The name of a number of pets and the Patlabor of Noa Izumi from the anime Patlabor.
- Oren Pierre Alfonso from Kamen Rider Gaim
- in the genitive, Adefonsi:
- José Pedro Machado, Dicionário Onomástico Etimológico da Língua Portuguesa
- E. Förstemann, Altdeutsches Namenbuch (1856:133, 145).
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