Alfred Meyer

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Alfred Meyer
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1991-0712-500, Alfred Meyer.jpg
Meyer in 1941
Wannsee Conference representative for the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories
In office
20 January – 6 March 1942
(two meetings)
Oberpräsident of the Province of Westphalia
In office
1938 – May 1945
Preceded by Ferdinand Freiherr von Lüninck
Succeeded by Rudolf Amelunxen
Minister-President of the Free State of Lippe
In office
1933–1945
Preceded by Hans-Joachim Riecke
Succeeded by Heinrich Hermann Drake
Reichsstatthalter of the Free State of Lippe
In office
1933–1945
Preceded by None
Succeeded by None
Reichsstatthalter of the Free State of Schaumburg-Lippe
In office
1933–1945
Preceded by None
Succeeded by None
Gauleiter of the Gau of North Westphalia
In office
1931–1945
Preceded by None
Succeeded by None
Personal details
Born 5 October 1891
Göttingen
Died 11 April 1945(1945-04-11) (aged 53)
Hessisch Oldendorf

Gustav Alfred Julius Meyer[1] (5 October 1891 in Göttingen – 11 April 1945 in Hessisch Oldendorf) was a Nazi official. He joined the Nazi party in 1928 and was from 1930 to 1945 the Gauleiter of North Westphalia and from 1933 to 1945 the Reichsstatthalter in Lippe and Schaumburg-Lippe

By the time of his death at the end of World War II in Europe, he was a State Secretary and Deputy Reichsminister in the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories (Reichministerium für die Besetzten Ostgebiete or Ostministerium). He represented the ministry with Georg Leibbrandt in the Wannsee Conference.

Meyer committed suicide in April 1945.

Early life[edit]

Meyer was born in Göttingen, the son of a Prussian civil servant who was stationed in Göttingen due to his official duties.[1] The middle class family was originally from Essen.[1] He was educated at the Gymnasium in Soest, graduating in 1911.[1]

In 1912 he became a Fahnenjunker (cadet officer) with Infanterieregiment 68 (Koblenz), passing his officer exam in 1913 and being promoted to lieutenant.[1] During World War I he fought with Infanterieregiment 363 on the Western Front, earning the Iron Cross First and Second Class and the Wound Badge.[1] In 1917 he was injured and captured by the French.[1] This experience, according to Meyer, was especially traumatic and left him with a hatred against France.[1] Released from captivity in March 1920, the downsized Reichswehr had no use for him and he left the army with the rank of Hauptmann (Captain).[1]

After the war, Meyer studied jurisprudence and political science at the Universities of Bonn and then Würzburg.[1] He graduated with a Ph.D. in 1922 and joined the legal department of a Gelsenkirchen mining firm.[1] In 1924, he joined the local Masonic lodge.[1] Meyer was also the chairman of the local Kyffhäuserbund unit.[1] He married Dorothee Capell in 1925 and eventually had five daughters with her.[1]

Third Reich[edit]

In April 1928, Meyer joined the Nazi Party.[1] The party was still extremely weak in Westphalia during the late 1920s, and had only circa three hundred members in the city of Gelsenkirchen during this period.[1] In less than a year Meyer rose to the position of Ortsgruppenleiter ("local group leader") and in November 1929 he was promoted to Bezirksleiter ("district leader") of the Emscher-Lippe district within Westphalia.[1] In November 1929, he was also elected as the only Nazi party representative to the Gelsenkirchen city council.[1]

In September 1930 he became a member of the Reichstag and in January 1931 NSDAP Gauleiter in north Westphalia. Following the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, Alfred Meyer was appointed Reichsstatthalter (deputy governor) of Lippe und Schaumburg-Lippe in May 1933 and he was made Staatsminister (governor) of the federal government for Lippe und Schaumburg-Lippe in August 1936.

In 1939, Meyer was made Chef der Zivilverwaltung and in 1941 he became deputy to Alfred Rosenberg in the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories. Meyer was responsible for the departments of politics, administration and economics. In his role in the East, he used workers that were mainly Jewish for slave labor towards a variety of works.

Meyer attended the Wannsee Conference in January 1942 as a representative for Rosenberg. In November that year, he was also made Reichsverteidigungskommissar (Reich Defence Commissioner) of Defence District VI (northern Westphalia).

Death[edit]

Meyer was found dead on 11 April 1945, by the River Weser. The cause of death was suicide, most likely prompted by Germany's impending defeat in the war.

Fictional portrayals[edit]

In the 2001 HBO film Conspiracy, Meyer was played by Brian Pettifer.

References[edit]