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Army and Air Force insignia
|Service branch|| German Army|
German Air Force
|Abbreviation||H or Hptm|
|NATO rank code||OF-2|
|Next higher rank||Major|
|Next lower rank||Oberleutnant|
|Equivalent ranks||Kapitänleutnant (Navy)|
Hauptmann is a German word usually translated as captain when it is used as an officer's rank in the German, Austrian, and Swiss armies. While Haupt in contemporary German means 'main', it also has and originally had the meaning of 'head', i.e. Hauptmann literally translates to 'head-man', which is also the etymological root of captain (from Latin caput, 'head'). It equates to the rank of captain in the British and US Armies, and is rated OF-2 in NATO. The female form, Hauptfrau, is only used informally; within the military, the correct form of address is "Frau Hauptmann".
More generally, a Hauptmann can be the head of any hierarchically structured group of people, often as a compound word. For example, a Feuerwehrhauptmann is the captain of a fire brigade, while Räuberhauptmann refers to the leader of a gang of robbers.
Hauptmann (from Early Modern High German Heubtmann) is cognate with the Swedish hövitsman, which also has the root meaning 'head-man' or 'the man at the head', and is closely related to hövding, meaning 'chieftain'. Since medieval times, both titles have been used for state administrators rather than military personnel. Heubtmann may also be the origin of the title hetman, used in Central and Eastern Europe.
On the shoulder straps (Heer, Luftwaffe) there are three silver pips (stars).
German Bundeswehr officer rank
- World War II German Army ranks and insignia
- Ranks of the German Bundeswehr
- Rank insignia of the German Bundeswehr
- "VSB-Statement "weibliche Dienstgrade"". Verband der Soldaten der Bundeswehr. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
- Hegmann, Gerhard (March 8, 2019). "Wird „Frau Hauptmann" zur „Hauptmännin" oder „Hauptfrau"?". Die Welt. Retrieved February 12, 2021.