Alfred Richard Creyke
Alfred Richard Creyke
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament|
1861 – 1862
|Born||1 September 1831|
|Died||30 November 1892|
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth Rose Rebecca Creyke (née Bradshaw)|
Alfred Richard Creyke JP (1 September 1831 – 30 November 1892) was a 19th-century Member of Parliament in Canterbury, New Zealand. He was a significant landholder in Canterbury. Of English descent, he spent just over ten years in the colony before returning home.
Creyke was the son of the Rev.d Stephen Creyke, vicar of Okeover, which is located north-east of Ashbourne on the boundary of Staffordshire and Derbyshire, England. His father was later archdeacon of York.
Creyke emigrated to New Zealand, travelling on the Canterbury (at the time a new ship). The ship left the East India Docks in London on 18 June 1851 and arrived in Lyttelton on 18 October with 143 passengers and staff on board.
Life in New Zealand
Creyke had a large sheep run on the Canterbury Plains that he managed together with his friend and business partner John Charles Watts-Russell on behalf of an absentee land holder, and had his own land. The run's homestead was located at Racecourse Hill, about half way between Darfield and Waddington. He sold the station in 1860 or 1861.
Watts-Russell bought the Dalethorpe run off the Deans brothers from Riccarton in 1851 and owned it until 1866, when he sold most of his property prior to going overseas. In the early years, he had this run managed by Creyke. Watts-Russell had named it Dalethorpe after a family property back in his native Staffordshire. It is located in the Malvern Hills (named after the English Malvern Hills) behind Homebush, with Dalethorpe Road leading into the area.
Creyke also bought rural sections RS 238 and 239 in Sydenham. The area is these days the largest remaining length of strip shopping in Christchurch, with Colombo Street running through it. He had land in Kaiapoi. He owned a significant amount of property in Linwood in the area that is now Linwood Avenue (Rural Sections 1144–1151, coming to 509 acres).
In 1858, he built a homestead that he called Okeover. These days, the homestead and the land belong to the University of Canterbury. The Ilam School of Fine Arts moved into the Okeover homestead in 1957 (it was the first department to move to the new site in Ilam), and moved into a new building in 1979. These days, the Continuing & Bridging Education department uses the building.
|New Zealand Parliament|
Creyke stood in the 1861 general election in the Avon electorate for Parliament, whilst William Thomson stood in the same electorate for the Canterbury Provincial Council. Thomson proposed Creyke and vice versa; both were elected unopposed. Creyke resigned from Parliament on 21 April 1862.
All Canterbury MPs who stood for election for the Canterbury Provincial Council later in 1861 had in common that they did not get elected. The ones affected were Crosbie Ward (representing Lyttelton in Parliament, standing for Lyttelton in the Provincial Council), Isaac Cookson (representing Kaiapoi, standing for Lyttelton), John Cracroft Wilson (representing the City of Christchurch electorate, standing for Christchurch), and Creyke (standing for the Avon district).
Creyke returned to England in the early 1860s.
Alfred Creyke died on 30 November 1892 in Holbrook, a suburb of Horsham in West Sussex. He left a considerable estate in excess of £180,000. Through his will, he distributed his wealth to his wider family plus his wife, who also inherited all his remaining estate in New Zealand.
In 1894, his widow arranged for the western porch of the ChristChurch Cathedral to be built in his memory. On the south side of the Cathedral's nave, there is also a Watts-Russell Memorial Window in memory of her first husband. His wife died on 7 October 1905 at Horsham.
Creyke Road in Ilam is named after him. The University of Canterbury has used the name Okeover for various features. Okeover Stream is a tributary to the Avon River and flows through the university grounds. The name was gazetted upon the university's suggestion by the New Zealand Geographic Board in 1968. Okeover Street is located in Linwood.
|New Zealand Parliament|
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Avon
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alfred Richard Creyke.|
- Southern Provinces Almanac, 1864 (PDF). Lyttelton: Lyttelton Times. 1864. p. 83. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 259. OCLC 154283103.
- "An Early Settler: John Charles Watts-Russell (1826–75)". Christchurch City Libraries. Archived from the original on 26 May 2010. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
- "Doig, Frampton, Gray, Hampton, McDowell, Pope, Vigers, Wood – New Zealand". Rootsweb. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- Acland, L. G. D. (1946). "Chapter 2 – The Plains Stations Between the Waimakariri & Selwyn Rivers". The Early Canterbury Runs: Containing the First, Second and Third (new) Series. Christchurch: Whitcombe and Tombs Limited. pp. 29–30.
- Acland, L. G. D. (1946). "Chapter 2 – The Plains Stations Between the Waimakariri & Selwyn Rivers". The Early Canterbury Runs: Containing the First, Second and Third (new) Series. Christchurch: Whitcombe and Tombs Limited. pp. 227–229.
- Burgess, Robyn (December 2005). "Urban Conservation Areas Study for the Local and Central City Commercial Areas" (PDF). Christchurch. pp. 128–129. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- "LOCAL AND GENERAL". Ohinemuri Gazette. XXVIII (3798). 25 July 1917. p. 2. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
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- "Map showing Okeover homestead". Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- "Chronology". University of Canterbury. Archived from the original on 4 June 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- "Bulletin of Christchurch Art Gallery Te Puna O Waiwhetu" (PDF). Christchurch Art Gallery. Summer 2007–2008. pp. 8–9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1903). "Mr. Alfred Richard Creyke". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Canterbury Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- "Elections". Lyttelton Times. XV (859). 2 February 1861. p. 4. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 5 June 2010 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 191. OCLC 154283103.
- "GENERAL ASSEMBLY". Otago Witness (560). 23 August 1862. p. 2. Retrieved 6 June 2010.
- "New Zealand Provinces". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. XX. 14 September 1861. p. 2. Retrieved 6 June 2010.
- "WILL OF AN OLD CANTERBURY SETTLER". Timaru Herald. LV (5651). 3 March 1893. p. 2. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- Pall Mall Gazette, 1 May 1877
- Barker, M. A. (22 June 2007). "Watts Russell, Elizabeth Rose Rebecca 1833/1834? – 1905". Dictionary of New Zealand biography. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
- "Wills and bequests". The University of Waikato. Retrieved 7 June 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "The Nave – Southern Side". ChristChurch Cathedral. Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
- Harper, Margaret. "Christchurch Street Names C" (PDF). Christchurch City Libraries. p. 48. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 May 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2010.