Alfred Stirling

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Alfred Stirling CBE
Alfred Stirling 1953.jpg
Born (1902-09-08)8 September 1902
Melbourne, Australia
Died 3 July 1981(1981-07-03) (aged 78)
Melbourne, Australia
Resting place Melbourne General Cemetery
Nationality Australian
Alma mater University of Melbourne
(BA, MA, LLB)
Occupation Diplomat
Spouse(s) Never married

Alfred Thorp Stirling CBE (8 September 1902 – 3 July 1981) was an Australian diplomat.

Stirling was the eldest of three children of Australian surgeon Robert Andrew Stirling and his second wife Isabella Jessie Matilda Oades-Thorp, a nurse from England. He graduated from the University of Melbourne (BA, 1922; MA, LL.B, 1924) where he excelled in French and won a W. T. Mollison scholarship for studying at University College, Oxford. He received his bachelor's degree there in 1927 and then worked as assistant to Robert Menzies in Melbourne. The two eventually became lifelong friends, and when Menzies became attorney-general he appointed Stirling as his secretary (1934–36).[1]

Stirling joined the Department of External Affairs in Canberra, where he headed the political section for a year. In 1937 he was sent to London as a liaison officer with the United Kingdom, and stayed there through World War II. In the meantime he was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1941. After the war (1945–46) he became high commissioner in Ottawa, where he fully employed his knowledge of French. In 1947–1948, he was for fifteen months the minister in Washington, United States, and in 1948 appointed as high commissioner to South Africa.[1]

After becoming Prime Minister in 1949 Menzies sent Stirling to the Netherlands, where he served as Australian Ambassador from 1950 to 1955. While staying there Stirling helped soften the Dutch position to the territorial claims of Indonesia, and was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1953. After that he was ambassador to France (1955–59), Philippines (1959–62), Italy (1962–67) and Greece (1964–65). For his diplomatic services he received Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Gregory the Great (1963) and Order of George I of Greece (1964). He retired in 1967, declined a knighthood, and returned to Melbourne, where he wrote seven books in the 1970s. He died in 1981 in East Melbourne and was buried in the Melbourne General Cemetery.[1]

Stirling never married, and in his early diplomatic assignments was accompanied by his mother and sister Dorothy.[1]

Publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Jeremy Hearder (2012). "Stirling, Alfred Thorp (1902–1981)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 18. Melbourne University Press. 
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Thomas Glasgow
Australian High Commissioners to Canada
1945–1946
Succeeded by
Frank Forde
Preceded by
George Knowles
Australian High Commissioner to South Africa
1948–1950
Succeeded by
John Quinn
as Acting High Commissioner
Preceded by
Keith Officer
as Minister to the Netherlands
Australian Ambassador to the Netherlands
1950–1955
Succeeded by
Hugh McClure Smith
Preceded by
Keith Officer
Australian Ambassador to France
1955–1959
Succeeded by
Edward Ronald Walker
Preceded by
Mick Shann
Australian Ambassador to the Philippines
1959–1962
Succeeded by
Bill Cutts
Preceded by
Hugh McClure Smith
Australian Ambassador to Italy
1962–1967
Succeeded by
Walter Crocker
New title
Australian embassy established in Athens
Australian Ambassador to Greece
1964–1965
Succeeded by
Jo Gullett