Ali Adde

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Ali Adde
Cali Cadde
أدى على
Town
Ali Adde.jpg
Ali Adde is located in Djibouti
Ali Adde
Ali Adde
Location in Djibouti.
Coordinates: 11°07′50″N 42°53′36″E / 11.13056°N 42.89333°E / 11.13056; 42.89333Coordinates: 11°07′50″N 42°53′36″E / 11.13056°N 42.89333°E / 11.13056; 42.89333
Country  Djibouti
Region Ali Sabieh
Established 13th century
Elevation 525 m (1,722 ft)
Population (2017)
 • Total 3,500
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Climate BSh

Ali Adde (Somali: Cali Cadde, Arabic: أدى على‎) is a town in Djibouti. It is located some 60 kilometers south of the capital, Djibouti City, with an elevation of 531 meters above sea level. It is the site of a UNHCR base hosting 12,363 refugees camp as of 2015. It sprawls on a wide basin surrounded by granitic mountains on some sides. The center is run by the UNHCR, and its operations are financed by foreign donors.[1]

History[edit]

The Ali Adde settlement dates back several centuries, and is one of the oldest towns in Djibouti after Tadjoura and Obock. Its place-name literally means "the white or clear place" in the Afro-Asiatic Somali language.

According to an old legend, the present-day territory of Ali Adde was covered by trees, with a wadi crossing the area. Originally a small settlement, the town grew under the reign of the Ifat Sultanate and Adal Sultanate. It later formed a part of the French Somaliland protectorate in the first half of the 20th century. In December 1942, about 1,000 British and French Free troops occupied the town. Ali Adde has an old fort near the Wadi Danan, which was built by the French Army in the 19th century.

Overview[edit]

The town lies on the National Highway 5.

Nearby towns and villages include Ali Sabieh, Holhol, Dewele, Assamo and Guisti.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2017, the population of Ali Adde has been estimated to be 3,500. The town inhabitants belong to various mainly Afro-Asiatic-speaking ethnic groups, with the Issa Somali predominant. Before the UNHCR camp was opened, the local town population traditionally consisted of nomadic pastoralists, who were mainly camel and goat herders However, since the 1990s, an influx of refugees has dramatically shifted the demographics of the area.

Geography[edit]

Ali Adde is located in a valley in the southern section of the country. The city is situated in a mountainous area, in an enclosed valley of the highlands. It sits at an elevation of 756 meters (2,480 ft) above sea level. One can also take in the local wildlife attracted by the relatively abundant rainfall. Among these are the black-backed jackal, dorcas gazelle, Felis, caracal, birds and the hamadryas baboon.

Climate[edit]

Ali Adde sits at an altitude of 525 metres or 1,722 feet above sea level, in low-shrouded mountains and hills. Its weather is characterized by hot and dry summers and mild to cool winters, when most of the precipitation is concentrated (spring and autumn being pleasantly warm transitional seasons). However, due to the town's altitude and inland location, its climate features are the humidity is very low, and temperatures usually fall below 26 °C (78.8 °F) at night, which makes summer particularly pleasant compared to coastal cities. Due to its 525 metres or 1,722 feet altitude, temperatures are relatively normal for a town located not particularly far from the hottest deserts in the world deserts. The town is known for its normal climate during the summer periods. Between May and early September, the annual high temperature is a high of 38.9 °C or 102.0 °F and a low of 26.4 °C or 79.5 °F.

Ali Adde has a hot desert climate (BWh) in Köppen-Geiger system.

Climate data for Ali Adde
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.9
(80.4)
27.2
(81)
29.2
(84.6)
30.6
(87.1)
34.8
(94.6)
38.9
(102)
38.5
(101.3)
36.4
(97.5)
33.7
(92.7)
28.4
(83.1)
28.1
(82.6)
27.0
(80.6)
31.6
(89)
Average low °C (°F) 16.4
(61.5)
17.9
(64.2)
19.5
(67.1)
22.0
(71.6)
25.4
(77.7)
27.8
(82)
26.7
(80.1)
25.8
(78.4)
26.3
(79.3)
21.1
(70)
18.6
(65.5)
17.0
(62.6)
22
(71.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 15
(0.59)
10
(0.39)
12
(0.47)
22
(0.87)
6
(0.24)
6
(0.24)
27
(1.06)
39
(1.54)
29
(1.14)
18
(0.71)
10
(0.39)
11
(0.43)
205
(8.07)
Source: The Weather Channel

Sister towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Factbook". The World Factbook. Retrieved 12 May 2015. 

External links[edit]