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Mohammed Ali Dirie was one of 17 people connected to arrests on June 2 and June 3, 2006 in the 2006 Toronto terrorism arrests. He was found guilty and sentenced to seven years in prison. In 2013 Dirie was reportedly killed fighting in the Syrian Civil War although his death has not been conclusively verified.
Dirie moved to Canada at the age of 7 with his mother, from Somalia as a refugee. In 2003, he was the subject of a Toronto Star article about a carpentry business that hired local youths, and he spoke of wanting to go to college to become a Radiologic Technologist (Radiographer).
He began working with his friend Yasim Abdi Mohamed, as the pair would travel to New York and purchase discount designer jeans in seedy neighbourhoods, which they would re-sell to merchants in upscale Toronto neighbourhoods for profit, earning up to $1,000 per trip. During an August 2005 trip however, Dirie and Mohamed talked about whether they should purchase guns for themselves for protection in New York's bad districts. A friend with them insisted he was there for clothing, not weapons, so they dropped him off at a bus stop to travel back to Toronto while they carried on to Ohio in search of a gun. "It wasn't as easy as I thought to buy a gun" Mohamed later said, explaining that they spent two weeks in the United States before they acquired the firearms. However, when they returned to the border to cross back into Canada at the Peace Bridge, border guards found Mohamed carrying a gun in his waistband with ammunition in his sock, while Dirie had two guns taped to his thighs. Although it was believed to be a typical gun smuggling case, the border guards called the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), who grew concerned when they noticed the pair were driving a rental car that had been arranged by Fahim Ahmad, whom they were monitoring in an anti-terrorism investigation.
The arrests led the unionised Canada Border Services Agency agents to campaign for the right to carry sidearms themselves, citing Dirie and Mohamed's arrests. Progressive Conservative party leader John Tory wrote an open letter to Ontario premier Dalton McGuinty suggesting that the arrests indicated more attention must be paid to weapons smuggling at the border.
American Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms used the arrests of two Canadians importing restricted firearms into Canada as an opportunity to espouse the view that Americans were being unfairly blamed for Canada's gun problems.
Dirie and Mohamed both pleaded guilty to charges of possession and importing firearms, and the Crown dropped the charges of possession and importing for the purposes of trafficking. They were sentenced to two years' imprisonment.
Nine months into their sentence, both men were charged with importing firearms for the benefit of a terrorist group and participating in a terrorist group, when Ahmad - who had paid for their rental car - was charged in the 2006 Toronto terrorism case.
As a result of preferred direct indictment by the Crown Attorney on 2007-09-24, Dirie was re-arrested faced 2 charges after the Crown dropped the third charge of providing property to aid and abet a terrorist organization. In September 2009 Dirie pleaded guilty to procuring weapons, arranging false travel documents and trying to recruit extremists for a domestic terrorist. He was sentenced to seven years in prison. He was housed at the Special Handling Unit in Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, Quebec for his sentence. With credit for time served Dirie was released in 2011.
- "Sketches of the Ontario-based terror suspects". CTV News. 2006-06-05. Archived from the original on 2006-06-12. Retrieved 2013-09-26.
Dirie faces two counts: Knowingly of participating in a terrorist group as well as charges of importing weapons and ammunition for the purpose of terrorist activity.
- Toronto Star, 
- Friscolanti, Michael (2008-05-05). "The Terrorist who Wasn't". Macleans magazine. Archived from the original on 2013-09-26.
But that was before April 14, when Crown attorneys decided that four more of Canada's homegrown terror suspects weren't worth the effort. Along with Mohamed, all charges were stayed against Ibrahim Aboud, Ahmad Ghany and Abdul Qayyum Jamal. Add the three teenagers whose files were already abandoned, and the "Toronto 18" has suddenly shrunk to the "Toronto 11."
- Stewart Bell (2006-06-05). "After escaping war in Somalia, terror suspects grew up in Toronto". National Post. Archived from the original on 2007-06-25. Retrieved 2013-09-26.
Two of the 17 Toronto men charged with terrorism-related offences over the weekend, Yasin Abdi Mohamed, 24, and Ali Mohamed Dirie, 22, are Somali refugees who came to Canada with their families in the early 1990s.
- "Weapons arrest at US-Canadian border". CNN. 2005-08-13. Retrieved 2013-09-26.
Ali Dirie, 22, and Yasin Mohamed, 23 -- both Canadians from the Toronto area -- face weapons-related charges and are in police custody in Niagara Falls, Ontario, according to a police statement. Ontario's Provincial Weapons Enforcement Team and the Niagara Regional Police Service are investigating.
- Watson, Stephen T. Buffalo News, Arming of customs officials is urged, August 15, 2005
- Pulse 24, Crossing Concern, October 31, 2005
- US Newswire, "Gun rights group to Canadian PM: Don't blame U.S. for your crimes and criminals", January 2, 2006
- Smith, Joanna. Toronto Star, No bail for accused terrorist Ali Dirie, August 1, 2008
- Teotonio, Isabel (April 15, 2008). "Four have terror charges stayed". The Star. Toronto. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
- Teotonio, Isabel (2007-09-24). "Homegrown terror case goes to trial". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 2007-09-24.
- "Another 'Toronto 18' member pleads guilty". CTV News. 2009-09-28. Archived from the original on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2013-09-26.
Last week, another member of the Toronto 18, 26-year-old Ali Dirie, pleaded guilty to similar charges and was sentenced to a maximum of 10 years in prison. Dirie admitted to procuring weapons, arranging false travel documents and trying to recruit extremists for a domestic terrorist.
- Michelle Shephard (2013-09-25). "Toronto 18: Ali Mohamed Dirie, convicted in plot, dies in Syria". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 2013-09-26. Retrieved 2013-09-26.
After his release in 2011, Dirie reportedly left Canada for Syria. He is one of dozens of Canadians who have joined the conflict in Syria where more than 100,000 have died, as rebel fighters and Al Qaeda militants battle loyalists of President Bashar Assad’s regime.
- "'Toronto 18' member Ali Mohamed Dirie reportedly died in Syria". CBC News.