Alix d'Unienville

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Alix d'Unienville
Birth name Alix Marrier d'Unienville
Nickname(s) Agent Myrtil/Marie-France[1]
Born (1918-05-08)8 May 1918
Mauritius
Died 10 November 2015(2015-11-10) (aged 97)
Allegiance United Kingdom, France
Service/branch Special Operations Executive, French Resistance
Years of service 1943-1944
Rank Field agent and guerrilla commander
Commands held SOE F Section networks

Alix d'Unienville, MBE, LdeH, CdeG (8 May 1918 – 10 November 2015) was a member of the Special Operations Executive (SOE) during World War II and worked as a courier for the French Section.[2]

Biography[edit]

D'Unienville was born in Mauritius, but moved to France at the age of six. After managing to get to England she was employed writing propaganda leaflets at the Free French centre at Carlton Gardens, London before the Bureau Central de Renseignements et d'Action ordered her to report to the British secret headquarters.[3] Commissioned (rank of Lieutenant) in the Women's Auxiliary Air Force, she commenced SOE training at Beaulieu in June 1943. On 31 March 1944 she parachuted into Loir-et-Cher from a Halifax aircraft with two million francs. Her alias was Aline Bowden and cover story was she was born on the island of Réunion in 1922 and moved to France in 1938 to study and was now the wife of a prisoner of war.

Working in Paris using the codenames Myrtil and Marie-France, she was successful until her arrest on 6 June 1944 when she was arrested with Tristan outside Bon Marché in Paris. She was taken to Avenue Foch for interrogation and was searched. They found and took away her Cyanide pill.[3] She was held in Fresnes prison in solitary confinement. She pretended to be "mentally derranged" to escape from Fresnes and to be transferred to Saint-Anne hospital. This plan was foiled by the Gestapo, who transferred her to La Pitié, a place associated with brutal atrocities of the Gestapo.

D'Unienville, by once again eating and talking, was able to get herself transferred briefly to Saint-Anne, and then to the prison camp at Romainville, where she and another woman, Annie Herve hatched a plan to escape over the walls using a rope they made out of black curtains. The attempt was abandoned when Herve was deported to Germany.

D'Unienville was in the last convoy to be sent from Romainville towards Germany, but she was able to escape when the prisoners were sent across a road bridge over the Marne because the rail bridge had been destroyed by Allied bombing. She was then able to hide in two villages before being liberated by the Americans, whereupon she was able to return to Paris. After the war d'Unienville was employed as a war correspondent for US forces in south east Asia before she worked as an air hostess for Air France and became a writer of fiction and nonfiction.

Decorations[edit]

D'Unienville was appointed a Military Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) by the British government. She was awarded the Legion d'honneur and the Croix de guerre by France.


Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon.png Ribbon - War Medal.png


Member of the Order of the British Empire 1939–1945 Star France and Germany Star War Medal
Légion d'honneur
(Chevalier)
Croix de Guerre (France)

References[edit]