Aljustrel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Aljustrel Municipality)
Jump to: navigation, search
Aljustrel
Municipality
Flag of Aljustrel
Flag
Coat of arms of Aljustrel
Coat of arms
LocalAljustrel.svg
Coordinates: 37°55′N 8°10′W / 37.917°N 8.167°W / 37.917; -8.167Coordinates: 37°55′N 8°10′W / 37.917°N 8.167°W / 37.917; -8.167
Country  Portugal
Region Alentejo
Subregion Baixo Alentejo
Intermunic. comm. Baixo Alentejo
District Beja
Parishes 4
Government
 • President Nelson Brito (Socialist Party)
Area
 • Total 458.47 km2 (177.02 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 9,257
 • Density 20/km2 (52/sq mi)
Time zone WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)
Website www.mun-aljustrel.pt

Aljustrel (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐɫʒuʃˈtɾɛɫ]) is a town and a municipality in the Portuguese district of Beja. The population in 2011 was 9,257,[1] in an area of 458.47 km².[2] The present mayor is Nelson Domingos Brito, elected by the Socialist Party. The municipal holiday is June 13.

History[edit]

During the Roman era, Aljustrel was known as Metallum Vispascense.

In 1235, Aljustrel was conquered from the Moors by King D. Sancho II.[3]

The first foral (charter) was only conceded by King Sancho in 1252.[3]

A new foral was issued on 20 September 1510, by King D. Manuel I.[3]

On 28 January 2013, the civil parishes of Aljustrel and Rio dos Minhos were aggregated into one local authority called Aljustrel (Decree 11-A/2013, Diário da República, Série 1, 19).[3]

Geography[edit]

Administratively, the municipality is divided into 4 civil parishes:[4]

International relations[edit]

Its French twin town is Hem, in the Nord département.

Architecture[edit]

Civic[edit]

  • Cinema/Theatre of Aljustrel (Portuguese: Cine-Teatro de Aljustrel/Cine Oriental)
  • Fountain of Alonso Gomes (Portuguese: Chafariz de Alonso Gomes)
  • Mines of Aljustrel (Portuguese: Minas de Aljustrel)
  • Mines of São João do Deserto (Portuguese: Termas de São João do Deserto/Minas de São João do Deserto)
  • Municipal Palace/Hall of Messejana (Portuguese: Câmara Municipal, Cadeia Comarcã e Torre do Relógio de Messejana)
  • Museum of the Santa Casa da Misericórdia (Portuguese: Casa da Rua do Espírito Santo, 5/Museu da Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Messejana)
  • Pillory of Messejana (Portuguese: Pelourinho de Messejana)
  • Residence of the Majorat Moreiras (Portuguese: Casa dos Morgados Moreiras)

Military[edit]

Religious[edit]

  • Chapel of the Santa Casa da Misericórdia (Portuguese: Capela da Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Aljustrel)
  • Chapel of São Pedro (Portuguese: Capela de São Pedro)
  • Church of Nossa Senhora da Assunção (Portuguese: Ermida de Nossa Senhora da Assunção/Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Assunção)
  • Church of Nossa Senhora do Castelo (Portuguese: Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Castelo)
  • Church of Nossa Senhora do Rosário (Portuguese: Igreja Paroquial de Messejana/Igreja de Nossa Senhora dos Remédios)
  • Church of the Santa Casa da Misericórdia of Messejana (Portuguese: Igreja da Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Messejana)
  • Church of the Santissimo Salvador (Portuguese: Igreja Paroquial de Aljustrel/Igreja do Santíssimo Salvador)
  • Church of São João (Portuguese: Igreja Paroquial de São João de Negrilhos/Igreja de Montes Velhos/Igreja de São João)
  • Church of São Julião (Portuguese: Igreja Paroquial de Ervidel/Igreja de São Julião)
  • Hermitage of Santa Margarida (Portuguese: Ermida de Santa Margarida)
  • Stations of the Cross of Messejana (Portuguese: Passos da Via Sacra de Messejana)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ Direção-Geral do Território[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d Costa, Anouk; Morgado, Cláudia; Vale, Rita (2010), Núcleo urbano da vila de Aljustrel (IPA.00027965/PT040201010025) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 1 October 2016 
  4. ^ DRE (ed.), Law nr. 11-A/2013 (pdf) (in Portuguese), Diário da República, pp. 552 10, retrieved 16 July 2014