Alloclavaria

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Alloclavaria
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Hymenochaetales
Family: Repetobasidiaceae
Genus: Alloclavaria
Type species
Alloclavaria purpurea (Fr.: Fr.) Dentinger & McLaughlin

Alloclavaria is a clavarioid genus in the Hymenochaetales recently segregated from Clavaria by molecular analysis.[1] Phylogenetically related fungi are in the agaricoid genera Rickenella, Contumyces, Gyroflexus, Loreleia, Cantharellopsis and Blasiphalia, as well as the stipitate stereoid genera Cotylidia and Muscinupta.[2] The only species as yet placed in Alloclavaria is the type, formerly known as Clavaria purpurea under which name it is often cited or illustrated.[1][2]. It is suspected, via circumstantial evidence, i.e. habitat, but not proven, that Alloclavaria is mycorrhizal.

Etymology[edit]

Alloclavaria means "the other Clavaria", a reference to the fact it was segregated from Clavaria which was shown to be a member of the Agaricales through phylogenetic analysis of the DNA.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dentinger, B.T.M.; McLaughlin, D.J.' (2006). "Reconstructing the Clavariaceae using nuclear large subunit rDNA sequences and a new genus segregated from Clavaria". Mycologia. 98 (5): 746–762. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.5.746. PMID 17256578. 
  2. ^ Larsson, K.-H.; et al. (2006) [2007]. "Hymenochaetales: a molecular phylogeny for the hymenochaetoid clade". Mycologia. 98 (6): 926–936. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.926. PMID 17486969.