Almirante Lynch-class destroyer (1912)

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Chilean Destroyer Almirante Condell (ship, 1914).jpg
Almirante Condell
Class overview
Name: Almirante Lynch class
Builders: J. Samuel White, United Kingdom
Operators:
Succeeded by: Serrano class
Built: 1911–1915
In commission: 1913–1945
Planned: 6
Completed: 6
Lost: 1
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement:
  • 1,430 long tons (1,453 t) standard
  • 1,850 long tons (1,880 t) full load
Length: 101 m (331 ft 4 in)
Beam: 9.9 m (32 ft 6 in)
Draught: 3.35 m (11 ft 0 in)
Propulsion:
Speed: 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph)
Range: 4,205 nmi (7,788 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h; 17 mph) with 403 tons coal, 83 tons oil
Complement: 160 (197 in ex-British ships)
Armament:

The Almirante Lynch class were a group of destroyers built for the Chilean Navy prior to World War I. Initially six ships were planned, two being delivered. The other four were purchased by and incorporated into the Royal Navy during World War I as the Faulknor class. Following the war, the three surviving ships were returned to the Chilean Navy and renamed the Almirante Williams class. The class of ships was named after Admiral Patricio Lynch, Chilean sailor, hero of the War of the Pacific.

Design[edit]

The Chileans had long been customers of British shipyards and ordered six ships from J. Samuel White in 1911. These destroyers were a private design by J. Samuel White that were significantly larger and heavier armed than their contemporary British destroyers. They had four funnels, a tall, narrow fore funnel and three broad, short funnels behind.

Construction of these ships led to an expansion of the yard and the purchase of a large 80 ton hammerhead crane from Babcock & Wilcox of Renfrew, Scotland.[1][2]

They were initially armed with six single QF 4 inch guns, unusually arranged with four on the forecastle - two sided in front of the wheelhouse and two sided abreast it - the remaining pair being sided on the quarterdeck. These guns were of a novel Elswick design for the Chileans and when the ships were rearmed they were replaced with standard Royal Navy models. As rearmed in 1918 they carried a BL 4.7 inch gun on the forecastle and another on a bandstand between the after pair of funnels, retained the pair of 4 inch guns abreast the wheelhouse and had two QF 2 pounder pom-poms.

Service history[edit]

Only two ships were delivered before the outbreak of war and served in the Chilean Navy until 1945. The remaining four ships were purchased by the British in 1914 and fought in the Royal Navy during World War I as the Faulknor-class flotilla leaders. The three surviving ships were returned to the friendly nation of Chile in 1920, and formed the Almirante Williams class - taking their name from the original name of HMS Botha - but being worn out were scrapped in 1933.

Ships[edit]

Ship Launched Commissioned Fate
Almirante Lynch 28 September 1912 1913 Decommissioned 1945
Almirante Condell 28 September 1912 January 1914 Decommissioned 1945
Almirante Riveros,
(ex-HMS Faulknor),
ex-Almirante Simpson
26 February 1914 late 1914 Returned to Chile 1920, Scrapped 1933
Almirante Uribe,
(ex-HMS Broke),
ex-Almirante Goni
25 May 1914 Late 1914 Returned to Chile 1920, Scrapped 1933
Almirante Williams,
(ex-HMS Botha)
2 December 1914 1915 Returned to Chile 1920, Scrapped 1933
HMS Tipperary,
ex-Almirante Riveros
5 March 1915 Early 1916 Sunk during Battle of Jutland, 31 May 1916

General characteristics[edit]

Armament[edit]

  • 6 × 4 in (102 mm) guns (ex British ships had 2 × 4.7 in (120 mm) and 2 × 4 inch guns)
  • 4 × machine guns (2 × pom-poms in ex-British ships)
  • 6 × 21 in (530 mm) torpedo tubes (4 in ex-British ships)

References[edit]

  • Whitley, M.J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Cassell Publishing. ISBN 1-85409-521-8.