Alosa macedonica

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Alosa macedonica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Clupeidae
Genus: Alosa
Species: A. macedonica
Binomial name
Alosa macedonica
(Vinciguerra, 1921)

Alosa macedonica, or the Macedonian shad (also known as liparia), is a landlocked species of clupeid fish endemic to Greece.[1] Its single natural occurrence is the freshwater Lake Volvi in northern Greece. It is threatened by habitat loss.[1]

Biology[edit]

Alosa macedonica is a member of the Alosa genus, whose other species are often anadromous migrating between marine and freshwater.[2] Research suggests that the ancestors of Alosa macedonica inhabited marine regions of the Aegean Sea.[2]

Alosa macedonica have teeth in the palatine and vomer.[2] They have approximately 50 vertebrae and 106-128 gill rakers.[2] They are about 181-230mm in length and spawn around the months of July and August.[2]

Apart from Lake Volvi, the species was previously present in Lake Koronia but in 1995 the lake dried up killing all the fish.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Crivelli, A.J. (2006). "Alosa macedonica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e D. C. Bobori; E. T. Koutrakis & P. S. Economidis (2001). "Shad Species In Greek Waters – An Historical Overview And Present Status" (PDF). Bulletin Français De La Pêche Et De La Pisciculture. 362-363: 1101–1108. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 

External links[edit]