Alpha Trianguli Australis

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Alpha Trianguli Australis
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Triangulum Australe constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of α Trianguli Australis (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Triangulum Australe
Right ascension 16h 48m 39.89508s[1]
Declination –69° 01′ 39.7626″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 1.91[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type K2 IIb-IIIa[3]
U−B color index +1.56[4]
B−V color index +1.44[4]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) –3.3[2] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 17.99[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –31.58[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 8.35 ± 0.15[1] mas
Distance 391 ± 7 ly
(120 ± 2 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) –3.68[5]
Details
Mass 7[3] M
Luminosity 5,500[5] L
Surface gravity (log g) 1.5[3] cgs
Temperature 4,150[3] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] –0.06[3] dex
Age 4.8 × 107[3] years
Other designations
Atria, HR 6217, CD -68°2822, HD 150798, SAO 253700, FK5 625, GC 22558, HIP 82273.[6]
Database references
SIMBAD data

Alpha Trianguli Australis (α TrA, α Trianguli Australis) is the brightest star in the southern constellation Triangulum Australe, forming an apex of a triangle with Beta and Gamma Trianguli Australis that gives the constellation its name (Latin for southern triangle). This star has the traditional name Atria, which is merely a contraction of its Bayer designation.[7][8] In traditional Chinese it is called 三角形三 (Mandarin: sān jiǎo xín sān), the Third Star of the Triangle.

Alpha Trianguli Australis is a bright giant star with an apparent magnitude of +1.91. Based upon parallax measurements, this star is located roughly 391 light-years (120 parsecs) distant from the Earth.[1] The estimated age of the star is 48 million years old; sufficiently old for a massive star to evolve away from the main sequence and expand into a giant.[3] It has a mass roughly seven times the mass of the Sun, but is emitting about 5,500 times the Sun's luminosity. The effective temperature of the star's outer envelope is 4,150 K,[3] which gives it the characteristic orange hue of a K-type star.[9] With a diameter 130 times that of the Sun, it would almost reach the orbit of Venus if placed at the centre of the Solar System.

There is evidence that Atria may be a binary star. It displays unusual properties for a star of its class, including stellar flares and a higher than normal emission of X-rays. These can be explained by a young, magnetically active companion with a stellar classification of about G0 V. Such a star would have a mass similar to the Sun, with an orbital period of at least 130 years. Young, G-type stars have a high temperature corona and frequently emit flares causing sudden increases in luminosity. The pair may be separated by about 50 Astronomical Units.[5]

In culture[edit]

Atria appears on the flag of Brazil, symbolizing the state of Rio Grande do Sul.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752free to read. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b Wielen, R.; et al. (1999), "Sixth Catalogue of Fundamental Stars (FK6). Part I. Basic fundamental stars with direct solutions", Veröff. Astron. Rechen-Inst. Heidelb, Astronomisches Rechen-Institut Heidelberg, 35 (35), Bibcode:1999VeARI..35....1W 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Kovacs, N. (April 1983), "Model-atmosphere analysis of high-dispersion spectra of four red giants and supergiants", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 120 (1): 21–35, Bibcode:1983A&A...120...21K 
  4. ^ a b Johnson, H. L.; et al. (1966). "UBVRIJKL photometry of the bright stars". Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory. 4 (99): 99. Bibcode:1966CoLPL...4...99J. 
  5. ^ a b c Ayres, Thomas R.; Brown, Alexander; Harper, Graham M. (April 2007), "α TrA Junior", The Astrophysical Journal, 658 (2): L107–L110, Bibcode:2007ApJ...658L.107A, doi:10.1086/514818 
  6. ^ "alf TrA -- Star", SIMBAD, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2011-12-26 
  7. ^ Ridpath, Ian (1989), Star tales, James Clarke & Co., p. 125, ISBN 0-7188-2695-7 
  8. ^ Kaler, Jim. "Atria (Alpha Trianguli Australis)". Stars. University of Illinois. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  9. ^ "The Colour of Stars", Australia Telescope, Outreach and Education, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, December 21, 2004, retrieved 2012-01-16 
  10. ^ "Astronomy of the Brazilian Flag". FOTW Flags Of The World website. Retrieved 2011-12-26. 

External links[edit]