|Municipal assoc.||Zell (Mosel)|
|• Mayor||Wolfgang Klein|
|• Total||5.75 km2 (2.22 sq mi)|
|Elevation||300 m (1,000 ft)|
|• Density||81/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Altlay is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Cochem-Zell district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Zell, whose seat is in the municipality of Zell an der Mosel.
The municipality lies in the north of the Hunsrück between Frankfurt-Hahn Airport (3 km to the south) and the Moselle at an elevation of some 300 m above sea level. North of the village, the Altlayer Bach flows through a narrow valley into the Moselle. Altlay lies 8 km southeast of Zell and 11 km northwest of the town of Kirchberg.
As early as 1107, the municipality was mentioned under the name Leia. About 1489, slate mining near Altlay was mentioned. Beginning in 1794, Altlay lay under French rule. In 1815 it was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia at the Congress of Vienna. Since 1946, it has been part of the then newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Under the Verwaltungsvereinfachungsgesetz (“Administration Simplification Law”) of 18 July 1970, with effect from 7 November 1970, the municipality was grouped into the Verbandsgemeinde of Zell.
Altlay’s mayor is Wolfgang Klein, and his deputies are Werner Boos and Edgar Engelbach.
Culture and sightseeing
The following are listed buildings or sites in Rhineland-Palatinate’s Directory of Cultural Monuments:
- Saint Barbara’s Catholic Parish Church (Pfarrkirche St. Barbara), Hauptstraße 34 – Baroque aisleless church from 1771; outside: metal cross from 1775; mission cross from 1868.
- Near Fuchsstraße 8 – cast-iron cross.
- Hauptstraße 43 – estate complex along the street, timber-frame house, partly solid or slated, 18th/19th century; whole complex with commercial wings.
- Kuhtrift 10 – estate complex along the street, timber-frame house, partly solid, 19th century.
- Bleesmühle – timber-frame house, early 19th century.
Economy and infrastructure
In the Altlayer Bach valley, slate was quarried on the surface after underground mining was given up in the 20th century. Underground mining, however, is once again being done now that new deposits have been opened that would have been too costly to work from the surface and would have adversely affected the appearance of the landscape. The great amount of mining spoil can also now be used to backfill earlier underground mineworks. In a Sponheim document from 20 June 1489, slate mining “near Altlay” is confirmed as having been undertaken as early as that time.
Nonferrous metal ores
Also mined in Altlay for centuries were nonferrous metal ores. Until 1959 at the Adolph-Helene pit, the Barbarasegen trade union mined, among others, lead, zinc, silver and copper ores. According to estimates, 384 000 t of ore was mined. There was also a narrow gauge railway from the pit to Zell for shipping the ore that had been dug up.
In 1957, the Adolph-Helene pit was let to the Stolberger Zink mining company, but they closed the operation only two years later. Falling metal ore prices had led to unprofitability. Although the prices later rose once more, the pit was deemed unworthy of opening again.
- "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2015" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
- Ludwig Armbrust: Hunsrücker Ortsnamen in den Kreisen Simmern und Zell
- Sponheimer Urkunde, Landeshauptarchiv Koblenz, Bestand 33, Urkunde 20163 vom 20. Juni 1489
- Kommunalwahl Rheinland-Pfalz 2009, Gemeinderat
- Altlay’s council
- Directory of Cultural Monuments in Cochem-Zell district
- Johannes Stets, Bonn: Zur Buntmetallvererzung im Hunsrück am Beispiel der Vorkommen bei Altlay; Hunsrückverein e.V. Jahrbuch 2010
- Die Zeit, Nr. 30, 25.07.2957
- Die Erzgrube "Adolph Helene" in Altlay, Simone Bey, Jahrbuch 1990, Kreis Cochem-Zell
- RZ-Online Artikelarchiv vom 13. Juni 2007;
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Altlay.|
- Municipality’s official webpage (German)