Alton Pancras

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Alton Pancras
Parish Church of St Pancras - Alton Pancras - geograph.org.uk - 887132.jpg
Alton Pancras parish church
Alton Pancras is located in Dorset
Alton Pancras
Alton Pancras
 Alton Pancras shown within Dorset
Population 175 [1]
OS grid reference ST699022
   – London  130 miles (209 km) 
Civil parish Alton Pancras
District West Dorset
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DORCHESTER
Postcode district DT2
Dialling code 01300
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament West Dorset
List of places
UK
England
Dorset

Coordinates: 50°49′15″N 2°25′40″W / 50.8207°N 2.4278°W / 50.8207; -2.4278

Cottage in Alton Pancras

Alton Pancras is a small village and civil parish in the West Dorset district of Dorset, England. In the 2011 census the civil parish had a population of 175.

The village church is dedicated to Saint Pancras, which provides part of the village name. The parish was formerly a liberty, containing only the parish itself.[2]

History[edit]

Evidence of prehistoric human activity within the parish includes two round barrows on the hills to the east of the village (one on West Hill and one on Church Hill), the remains of 'Celtic' fields and strip lynchets on many of the surrounding hills, and a possible settlement just south of the summit of Church Hill. Dating is not definite but the 'Celtic' fields were probably in use between the Bronze Age and the end of the Romano-British period. The possible settlement is probably Romano-British. Subsequent cultivation, particularly in modern times, has destroyed much of the evidence.[3][4]

The village itself was likely first settled by Saxons during the expansion of the Kingdom of Wessex. The name of the village was then Awultune, meaning in West Saxon 'village at the source of the river' (the River Piddle).[citation needed] The village was previously two separate settlements: Barcombe and Alton, both of which had their own open field system.[3] In 1086 in the Domesday Book the village was recorded as Altone. It had 26 households, was in Cerne, Totcombe and Modbury Hundred, and the tenant-in-chief was the Bishop of Salisbury.[5][6] After conversion to Christianity, the village name incorporated the little-known St Pancras and by the time of the Battle of Agincourt was known as Aulton Pancras.[citation needed]

The current church was restored in the 19th century after an earlier Norman church was near collapse. All that remains of the old church is the 15th century tower and a Norman arch. The church organ used to be a fairground organ. The floor tiles were created by Poole Pottery.

Governance[edit]

Alton Pancras is in the West Dorset parliamentary constituency which is currently represented in the UK national parliament by the Conservative Member of Parliament Oliver Letwin. In local government, Alton Pancras is governed by Dorset County Council at the county level and West Dorset District Council at the district level.

In national parliament and district council elections, Alton Pancras is in the Piddle Valley electoral ward, one of 32 wards in the West Dorset parliamentary constituency and one of 33 wards that elect councillors to West Dorset District Council.[7] In county council elections, Alton Pancras is in the Three Valleys electoral division, one of 42 divisions that elect councillors to Dorset County Council.[8]

At the parish level - the lowest tier of local government - Alton Pancras is one of three parishes governed by Piddle Valley Group Parish Council. The other parishes are Piddlehinton and Piddletrenthide.[9]

Barnes's Lane on the northern boundary of the parish, looking east toward Church Hill

Geography[edit]

Alton Pancras civil parish covers 920 hectares (2,280 acres) at the head of the valley of the River Piddle.[3] The valley is on the dip slope of the Dorset Downs and drains from north to south. Several small side combes extend east and west. In the east the parish includes part of a tributary valley at Watcombe Bottom, north of Plush, and in the northeast it extends north of the escarpment to Alton Common in the Blackmore Vale.[10] The underlying geology of the parish is mostly chalk, except for the Alton Common extension, which is on greensand, gault and Kimmeridge clay.[3] Alton Pancras village is sited in the valley near the source of the River Piddle at an altitude of about 125 metres (410 ft). The altitude of the parish is between about 255 metres (837 ft) at its highest point on the hills to the west, to about 110 metres (360 ft) at its lowest point where the river leaves the parish in the south.[10] The broadcaster and agriculturist Ralph Wightman, who was born and lived in the nearby village of Piddletrenthide, described the hills surrounding the village as "very much in the centre of Dorset".[11] All of Alton Pancras parish is within the Dorset Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.[12] Horse Close Wood on Alton Common is a Woodland Trust wood, though it is not open to the public.[10][13]

Alton Pancras village is situated on the B3143 road, which connects it to the county town of Dorchester 9 miles (14 km) to the south. Other local travel links include Maiden Newton railway station 7 miles (11 km) to the south-west, and Bournemouth International Airport 26 miles (42 km) to the east.

Demography[edit]

In the 2011 census Alton Pancras civil parish had 72 dwellings,[14] 71 households and a population of 175.[1] The average age of parish residents was 42, compared to 39.3 for England as a whole. 16.0% of residents were age 65 or over, compared to 16.4% for England as a whole.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area: Alton Pancras (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  2. ^ The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales. 1840. p. 36. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d "'Alton Pancras', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 3, Central (London, 1970), pp. 1-4". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "'Celtic' Field Groups', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 3, Central (London, 1970), pp. 318-346". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "Dorset A-G". The Domesday Book Online. domesdaybook.co.uk. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "Place: Alton [Pancras]". Open Domesday. opendomesday.org. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  7. ^ "West Dorset district councillors". dorsetforyou.com. Dorset County Council. 16 February 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  8. ^ "Electoral division profiles 2013". dorsetforyou.com. Dorset County Council. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "Piddle Valley Grouped Parish Council". dorsetforyou.com. Dorset County Council. 11 November 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c Ordnance Survey (1986), 1:25,000 Pathfinder map series, sheet 1299 (ST 60/70) (Cerne Abbas & Hazelbury Bryan), ISBN 0-319-21299-8
  11. ^ Ralph Wightman (1983). Portrait of Dorset (4 ed.). Robert Hale Ltd. p. 106. ISBN 0 7090 0844 9. 
  12. ^ "Dorset Explorer". Natural England. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "Horse Close Wood". Woodland Trust. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  14. ^ "Area: Alton Pancras (Parish). Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  15. ^ "Area: Alton Pancras (Parish). Age Structure, 2011 (KS102EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 

External links[edit]