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Amager Bakke

Coordinates: 55°41′4″N 12°37′12″E / 55.68444°N 12.62000°E / 55.68444; 12.62000
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Amager Bakke
LocationAmager, in Copenhagen
Coordinates55°41′4″N 12°37′12″E / 55.68444°N 12.62000°E / 55.68444; 12.62000
Construction began2013
Commission date30 March 2017
Construction cost$670 million
Owner(s)Amager Ressource center
Thermal power station
Primary fuelMunicipal solid waste
Combined cycle?Yes
Cogeneration?190 MW
Power generation
Nameplate capacity57 MW
External links
CommonsRelated media on Commons

Amager Bakke (lit.'Amager Hill'), also known as Amager Slope or Copenhill, is a combined heat and power waste-to-energy plant (new resource handling centre) and recreational facility in Amager, Copenhagen Denmark,[1] located prominently within view of the city's downtown.

The facility opened in 2017,[2] and partially replaced the nearby old incineration plant in Amager,[3] which is in the process of being converted from coal to biomass (expected to complete in 2020).[4] The two plants play a major role in Copenhagen's ambitions of meeting zero carbon requirements by 2025.[4]

The recreational components of the facility (the dry ski run, hiking trail and climbing wall) opened in December 2018,[5] with an attendance estimated at 42-57 thousand visitors annually.[6]

Copenhill was named the World Building of the Year 2021 at the fourteenth annual World Architecture Festival.[7]

Construction and technicalities[edit]

Skiing in Amager Bakke.

The plant opened on 30 March 2017.[2] It is estimated to cost $670 million,[8] and is expected to burn 400,000 tons of municipal solid waste annually. It also houses a sports facility designed by Bjarke Ingels Group with an 85 m (279 ft) tall sloped roof that doubles as year-round artificial ski slope, hiking slope and climbing wall, which opened to the public 4–6 October 2019.[2][9][10][11] The climbing wall, manufactured by Walltopia, is the world's tallest climbing wall at 80 meters.[12][13]

Technically, the plant is designed to change between operating modes, producing 0-63 MW electricity and 157-247 MW district heating, depending on the local heat demand and power price. It produces more clean water than it uses. Because of filtration and other technologies, sulphur emission is expected to be reduced by 99.5% and NOx by about 95% as well as dioxins and HCl[14][15] and it is claimed to be the cleanest incineration plant in the world.[4]

An experiment intended the chimney to not emit its exhaust continuously, but instead in the form of "smoke" rings (consisting of water vapour rather than actual smoke).[3]


  1. ^ "Green buildings: 18 examples of sustainable architecture around the world". CNN. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Serup, Mette (30 March 2017). "Skidt, skrald og æggebakker indvier Amager Bakke". TV 2 Kosmopol (in Danish). Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b Frearson, Amy (25 February 2015). "Video reveals trial of smoke-ring-blowing chimney for BIG's Copenhagen power plant". Dezeen. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Slavin, Terry (26 October 2016). "An incinerator with a view: Copenhagen waste plant gets ski slope and picnic area". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  5. ^ Rathi, Akshat (27 February 2019). "You can now ski on top of a $670 million power plant in Copenhagen". Quartz.
  6. ^ Wilkinson, Amy (1 March 2020). "A Danish Team Passed an Uphill Test to Deliver a Power Plant with a Ski Slope on Top". Project Management Institute.
  7. ^ "BIG-Designed Copenhill/Amager Bakke Wins World Building Of The Year Award For 2021". World Architecture. 6 December 2021.
  8. ^ Wittrup, Sanne (12 October 2016). "Fejl i rør omkring forbrændingsovnene til Amager Bakke". Ingeniøren (in Danish). Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  9. ^ Carson, Biz (6 November 2013). "No Joke: A Massive Trash Incinerator With a Ski Slope on Top". Wired. Retrieved 21 April 2023.
  10. ^ "Amager Bakke/Copenhill: Plant fact sheet". Babcock & Wilcox Vølund. Archived from the original on 1 July 2020.
  11. ^ Høgsholt, Danny (19 January 2017). "Danmarks største kunstige skibakke er under opførelse - i København". TV2 (in Danish). Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  12. ^ Stamp, Elizabeth (21 July 2020). "Bjarke Ingels's Copenhill Will Soon Feature the World's Tallest Climbing Wall". Architectural Digest.
  13. ^ "Om Amager Bakke". ARC (in Danish). Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  14. ^ "Copenhill". Amager Ressourcecenter (in Danish). Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  15. ^ "ARC, Copenhill/Amager Bakke, Copenhagen, Denmark". Babcock & Wilcox Vølund. Archived from the original on 17 May 2020. Retrieved 19 July 2017.

External links[edit]