The Ameca River (Spanish: Río Ameca) is a river of some 230 km in length in western Mexico. It rises in the Bosque de la Primavera in Jalisco, 23 km to the west of state capital Guadalajara; flows through the city of Ameca; and then forms the boundary between Jalisco and Nayarit on its way to the Pacific Ocean, where it drains into the Bahía de Banderas at Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco. Its main tributaries are the Ahuacatlán and Amatlán de Cañas.
Several species of fish are only known from the Ameca River basin: the butterfly splitfin, Tequila splitfin, finescale splitfin, banded allotoca, golden skiffia, Amatlan chub, Ameca chub and Ameca shiner. All these are highly threatened. The Tequila splitfin, finescale splitfin and golden skiffia are likely extinct in the wild; all three survive in captivity. The butterfly splitfin and banded allotoca were also thought to be extinct in the wild, but have since been rediscovered. The Ameca shiner was once feared entirely extinct, but it too survives in captivity. A reintroduction project for the shiner and Tequila splitfin was initiated in 2015.
- Pérez-Rodríguez, R.; G. Pérez-Ponce de León; O. Domínguez-Domínguez; I. Doadrio (2009). "A new species of Algansea (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae) from the Ameca River basin, in Central Mexico". Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad. 80: 483–490.
- López-López, E.; J. Paulo-Maya (2001). "Changes in the Fish Assemblages in the Upper Río Ameca, Mexico". Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 16 (2): 179–187. doi:10.1080/02705060.2001.9663803.
- "Zoogoneticus tequila". Goodeid Working Group. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "Allodontichthys polylepis". Goodeid Working Group. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "Skiffia francesae". Goodeid Working Group. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "Ameca splendens". Goodeid Working Group. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "Allotoca goslinei". Goodeid Working Group. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "Mexico Fish Ark Project". Chester Zoo. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
|This article related to a river in Mexico is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|