Amon Düül II
Amon Düül II
|Origin||Munich, Bavaria, Germany|
|Genres||Krautrock, progressive rock, psychedelic rock, space rock|
Amon Düül II (or Amon Düül 2, Pronunciation = Amon Düül) is a German rock band. The group is generally considered to be one of the pioneers of the West German krautrock scene. Their 1970 album Yeti was described by British magazine The Wire as "one of the cornerstones of [...] the entire Krautrock movement."
The band emerged from the radical West German commune scene of the late 1960s, with others in the same commune including some of the future founders of the Red Army Faction. Founding members are Chris Karrer, Dieter Serfas, Falk Rogner (b. 14 September 1943), John Weinzierl (b. 4 April 1949), and Renate Knaup-Krötenschwanz (b. Renate Aschauer-Knaup, 1 July 1948).
The band was founded after Weinzierl and the others met at the Amon Düül 'art commune' in Munich. The commune consisted mainly of university students, who formed a music group initially to fund the commune, with everyone who lived there joining in to play music whether or not they had any experience or ability. The commune split when they were offered an opportunity to record, which was boycotted by the more musically proficient members of the commune (who went on to form Amon Düül II). Recordings were made by the other members but were of very poor quality and were only released later (under the name Amon Düül) to capitalise on the success of Amon Düül II's albums. As Amon Düül II grew and personnel changed, they still remained a commune, living together as a band.
Their first album Phallus Dei ('God's Phallus'), released in 1969, consisted of pieces drawn from the group's live set at the time. By this time the line-up was built around a core of Karrer (mainly violin and guitar), Weinzierl (guitar, bass, piano), Rogner on keyboards, bass player Dave Anderson, and two drummers (Peter Leopold (b. 15 August 1945) who had joined the group from Berlin, and Dieter Serfas). Renate Knaup at this point was only contributing minimal vocals but was very much part of the group. According to Weinzierl by this time "The band played almost every day. We played universities, academies, underground clubs, and every hall with a power socket and an audience". Releasing an album brought the group greater prominence and they began to tour more widely in Germany and abroad, playing alongside groups such as Tangerine Dream, and in Germany staying in other communes including the pioneering Kommune 1 in Berlin.
Their second album Yeti (1970) saw them introducing arranged compositions along with the bluesy violin and guitar jams such as the long improvised title track. The next album Tanz der Lemminge (1971) was based on four extended progressive rock suites. By this time bassist Anderson had returned to England and joined Hawkwind, to be replaced by Lothar Meid (born 28 August 1942), and the group was augmented by synthman Karl-Heinz Hausmann (Karrer had formed a short-lived group in 1966 - supposedly named 'Amon Düül O' - with future Embryo founders Lothar Meid and drummer Christian Burchard).
Amon Düül II's drummer, Peter Leopold, died on 8 November 2006. A memorial service was held for Leopold in Munich, where the remaining members of Amon Düül II sang a song for him. Leopold was replaced by multi-instrumentalist Daniel Fichelscher, for many years guitarist and drummer of Krautrock group Popol Vuh. Fichelscher is not new to the group, and in fact has had a long affiliation with Amon Düül II, having played with them as early as 1972 on Carnival in Babylon.
Bass player Lothar Meid died on 3 November 2015.
- Chris Karrer – violin, guitars, saxophone, vocals (1969-1981)
- John Weinzierl – guitar, bass, vocals (1969-1977)
- Falk Rogner – organ, synthesizer, electronics (1969-1971, 1972-1975, 1981)
- Renate Knaup – vocals, tambourine (1969-1970, 1972-1975, 1981)
- Dieter Serfas – drums (1969)
- Peter Leopold – drums, percussion (1969-1972, 1973-1979, died 2006)
- Christian "Schrat" Thierfeld – bongos, vocals, violin (1969-1970)
- Dave Anderson – bass (1969-1970)
- Lothar Meid – bass, vocals (1971-1973, 1974, died 2015)
- Karl-Heinz Hausmann – keyboards, organ, electronics (1971-1972)
- Danny Fichelscher – drums, percussion, guitar (1972, 1981)
- Robby Heibl – bass, guitar, violin, vocals (1973, 1975)
- Nando Tischer – guitar, vocals (1975)
- Klaus Ebert – guitar, bass, vocals (1976-1979)
- Stefan Zauner – keyboards, synthesizer, vocals (1976-1979)
- Jörg Evers – bass, guitar, synthesizer (1981)
|Amon Düül II discography|
|1971||Tanz der Lemminge||Double LP|
Also known as Dance of the Lemmings and in Italy as Journey into a Dream (Viaggio In Un Sogno)
|1972||Carnival in Babylon|
|1973||Utopia||Originally released as a Utopia album; being a side project by Amon Düül II producer Olaf Kübler; only re-releases credit the band as Amon Düül II. Renate Knaup, Falk-U. Rogner and Chris Karrer are featured in one song of the album each, John Weinzierl in two songs and Danny Fichelscher on four songs. Only Lothar Meid is featured on all eight songs of the album.|
|1973||Vive La Trance|
|1974||Hijack||Also written Hi-Jack|
|1975||Made in Germany||Released as a double LP in Germany and a single LP outside Germany|
|1977||Almost Alive ...|
|1995||Nada Moonshine #|
|2010||Düülirium||Originally released online as Bee as Such|
First released on CD and vinyl in 2014
|1973||Live in London|
|1992||Live in Concert||BBC recording from 1973|
|1996||Live in Tokyo|
|1978||Rock in Deutschland Vol. 1|
|1993||Surrounded by the Bars|
|1994||The Greatest Hits|
|1997||The Best of 1969–1974|
|1997||Drei Jahrzehnte (1968–1998)|
|1999||The UA Years: 1969–1974|
|2001||Once Upon a Time – Best of 1969–1999|
|2005||Anthology||A complete Amon Düül II career retrospective|
|1970||Archangels Thunderbird||b/w Soap Shop Rock||Yeti|
|1970||Rattlesnakeplumcake||b/w Between the Eyes||Non-album single|
|1971||Light||b/w Lemmingmania||Non-album single|
|1972||All the Years Round||b/w The Tables Are Turned||Carnival in Babylon|
|1974||Pigman||b/w Mozambique||Vive La Trance|
|1974||Mirror||b/w Liquid Whisper||Hijack|
|1979||Don't Turn Too Stone||b/w Spaniards & Spacemen||Only Human|
- Strong, Martin C. (2000). The Great Rock Discography (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Mojo Books. pp. 20–21. ISBN 1-84195-017-3.
- Pouncey, Edwin (February 1996) "Communing With Chaos" The Wire 144
- "Krautrock: The Rebirth of Germany". BBC4. October 2009.
- Griffiths, Mark (30 December 2014). "Germanic street preachers: The psychology of Krautrock". drmarkgriffiths. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
- Gross, Jason (August 2008). "Interview with John Weinzierl". Perfect Sound Forever. Retrieved 13 May 2009.
- Pouncey, Edwin (February 1996). "Communing With Chaos". The Wire. No. 144. Archived from the original on 29 May 2012.
- "Amon Düül II". Gibraltar Encyclopedia of Progressive Rock. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2008-02-12.
- "Band History". Amon Duul II. Archived from the original on 21 March 2009. Retrieved 14 March 2008.
- Davis, Jon (10 November 2015). "Lothar Meid, Amon Düül II bassist, RIP". expose.org.
- Patterson, Archie. "Atilla Grandpierre Interview". eurock.com. Retrieved 9 June 2015.