Thong Pha Phum District

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Thong Pha Phum
ทองผาภูมิ
Amphoe
Amphoe location in Kanchanaburi Province
Amphoe location in Kanchanaburi Province
Coordinates: 14°44′45″N 98°37′30″E / 14.74583°N 98.62500°E / 14.74583; 98.62500Coordinates: 14°44′45″N 98°37′30″E / 14.74583°N 98.62500°E / 14.74583; 98.62500
Country  Thailand
Province Kanchanaburi
Seat Tha Khanun
Area
 • Total 3,655.171 km2 (1,411.269 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 62,848
 • Density 17.2/km2 (45/sq mi)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Postal code 71180
Geocode 7107

Thong Pha Phum (Thai: ทองผาภูมิ) is a district (amphoe) in the northern part of Kanchanaburi Province, central Thailand.

History[edit]

At first Thong Pha Phum was the minor district (king amphoe) Sangkhla Buri, a subordinate of Wang Ka District. In 1939 the name Sangkhla Buri was assigned to Wang Ka, while the minor district was renamed Thong Pha Phum.[1] On 20 May 1941 it was upgraded to a full district, while at the same time Sangkhla Buri was reduced to a minor district.[2] It then consisted of the six tambon Tha Khanun, Hin Dat, Dika, Chalae, Pilok, and Linthin.

Geography[edit]

Neighboring are (from west clockwise) Tanintharyi Division of Myanmar, Sangkhla Buri, Umphang of Tak Province, Ban Rai of Uthai Thani Province, Si Sawat and Sai Yok of Kanchanaburi Province.

The important water resource is the Khwae Noi River.

Thong Pha Phum, Lam Khlong Ngu, Khuean Srinagarindra and Khao Laem National Parks are found in the district.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Thong Pha Phum (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.3
(99.1)
39.2
(102.6)
41.3
(106.3)
43.0
(109.4)
41.5
(106.7)
38.0
(100.4)
36.5
(97.7)
36.2
(97.2)
35.7
(96.3)
36.0
(96.8)
37.3
(99.1)
39.2
(102.6)
43.0
(109.4)
Average high °C (°F) 33.3
(91.9)
35.3
(95.5)
36.9
(98.4)
37.3
(99.1)
34.1
(93.4)
31.7
(89.1)
30.9
(87.6)
30.7
(87.3)
31.9
(89.4)
32.3
(90.1)
32.2
(90)
31.9
(89.4)
33.2
(91.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
26.7
(80.1)
28.8
(83.8)
29.8
(85.6)
28.1
(82.6)
27.1
(80.8)
26.5
(79.7)
26.3
(79.3)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
25.3
(77.5)
23.9
(75)
26.7
(80.1)
Average low °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
18.4
(65.1)
20.7
(69.3)
22.8
(73)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
22.9
(73.2)
22.1
(71.8)
19.5
(67.1)
16.5
(61.7)
21.0
(69.8)
Record low °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
8.1
(46.6)
11.5
(52.7)
15.0
(59)
17.0
(62.6)
19.5
(67.1)
20.0
(68)
19.5
(67.1)
19.2
(66.6)
13.9
(57)
9.9
(49.8)
5.2
(41.4)
5.2
(41.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 5.4
(0.213)
16.4
(0.646)
46.4
(1.827)
101.8
(4.008)
227.5
(8.957)
278.3
(10.957)
323.2
(12.724)
343.7
(13.531)
241.2
(9.496)
172.3
(6.783)
25.6
(1.008)
4.7
(0.185)
1,786.5
(70.335)
Average rainy days 0.6 1.7 4.4 8.2 18.7 25.2 26.3 27.2 23.5 16.3 3.6 0.8 156.5
Average relative humidity (%) 72 65 64 69 81 85 87 87 86 84 79 75 78
Mean monthly sunshine hours 279.0 262.7 275.9 276.0 155.0 114.0 58.9 58.9 54.0 145.7 219.0 279.0 2,178.1
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.0 9.3 8.9 9.2 5.0 3.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 4.7 7.3 9.0 6.0
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department[3]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[4]

Administration[edit]

The district is divided into seven sub-districts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 44 villages (muban). Thong Pha Phum itself is a township (thesaban tambon) and covers parts of the tambon Tha Khanun. There are a further seven tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

No. Name Thai name Villages Pop.
1. Tha Khanun ท่าขนุน 5 18,544
2. Pilok ปิล๊อก 4 5,997
3. Hin Dat หินดาด 8 5,346
4. Linthin ลิ่นถิ่น 6 6,933
5. Chalae ชะแล 7 9,308
6. Huai Khayeng ห้วยเขย่ง 8 10,981
7. Sahakon Nikhom สหกรณ์นิคม 6 5,739

References[edit]

External links[edit]