Anders Knutsson Ångström

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Anders Knutsson Ångström (1888, Stockholm – 1981) was a Swedish physicist and meteorologist who was known primarily for his contributions to the field of atmospheric radiation. However, his scientific interests encompassed many diverse topics.[1]

He was the son of physicist Knut Ångström. He graduated with a BS from the University of Upsala in 1909. Then he completed his MS at the University of Upsala in 1911. He taught at the University of Stockholm Later, he was the department head of the Meteorology department at State Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) of Sweden 1945–1949 and SMHI's chancellor 1949–1954.[2]

He is credited with the invention of the pyranometer, the first device to accurately measure direct and indirect solar radiation.[3]

In 1962 he was awarded the International Meteorological Organization Prize by the World Meteorological Organization. [4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Erik Liljasa and Allan H. Murphy (1994). "Anders Ångström and His Early Papers on Probability Forecasting and the Use/Value of Weather Forecasts". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 75 (7): 1227–1236. Bibcode:1994BAMS...75.1227L. doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1994)075<1227:AAHEPO>2.0.CO;2. 
  2. ^ "Personakt för Anders Knutsson Ångström" (in Swedish). 
  3. ^ Frank Vignola; Thomas Stoffel; Joseph Michalsky (25 June 2012). Solar and Infrared Radiation Measurements. CRC Press. pp. 47–. ISBN 978-1-4398-5189-0. Retrieved 15 September 2012. 
  4. ^ "Winners of the IMO Prize". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 9 December 2015.