Andreas of Caesarea

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Andrew of Caesarea (Greek: Ἀνδρέας Καισαρείας; AD 563–614) was a Greek theological writer and bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia. Karl Krumbacher assigned him to the first half of the sixth century. He is variously placed by other scholars, from the fifth to the ninth century.[1] However, today it is unquestionable that his life spanned the late sixth/early seventh centuries.


His principal work is a commentary on the Book of Revelation[2] and is the oldest Greek commentary on that book written by a recognized Father of the Church. (The very first Greek commentary on Revelation may barely predate Andrew's work and is attributed to Oikoumenios.)[3] Most subsequent Eastern Christian commentators of the Book of Revelation have drawn heavily upon Andrew and his commentary,[4] which was preserved in about 100 Greek manuscripts,[5] and was also translated into Armenian, Georgian, and Slavonic.[6] Andrew's most important contribution was that he preserved many existing Eastern traditions associated with Revelation, both oral and written.[7] His commentary was so influential that it preserved a specific text type for Revelation, known as the Andreas type.[5]

An English translation by Eugenia Constantinou was published in 2011.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Maas, Anthony John (1907). "Andrew of Caesarea" . Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1.
  2. ^ Patrologia Graeca vol. 106, cols. 215–458 and 1387–94
  3. ^ Constantinou 2011, p. 7.
  4. ^ Constantinou 2011, p. 3.
  5. ^ a b Constantinou 2011, p. 41.
  6. ^ Baldwin, Barry (1991). "Andrew, archbishop of Caesarea". In Kazhdan, Alexander P. (ed.). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. p. 92. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.
  7. ^ Constantinou 2011, pp. 6–8.
  8. ^ Andrew of Caesarea: Commentary on the Apocalypse. The Fathers of the Church, vol. 123. Translated by Eugenia Scarvelis Constantinou. Catholic University of America Press. 2011. ISBN 978-0813201238.