Minuscule 2814

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Minuscule 2814
New Testament manuscript
Facsimile of Franz Delitzsch (1861) with text of Rev 17,8
Facsimile of Franz Delitzsch (1861) with text of Rev 17,8
TextBook of Revelation
Date12th century
Now atUniversity of Augsburg
TypeByzantine text-type

Minuscule 2814 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Aν20 (in Soden numbering), formerly labelled as 1rK in all catalogues,[1] but subsequently renumbered as a 2814 by Aland, is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, dated palaeographically to the 12th century.[2]


The codex contains only the Book of Revelation with a commentary by Andreas from Caesarea. The last six verses were lost (Rev. 22:16–21). Its text is written on a parchment in minuscule, in 1 column per page, 20 lines per page.[2]

Its biblical Greek represents the 'Andreas text', which is related to, but not a pure representative of, the Byzantine text type. Aland placed it in Category V.[3]

  • Rev. 1:5
λύσαντι ἡμᾶς ἐκ — P18, אc, A, C, 2020, 2081, 2814
λούσαντι ἡμᾶς ἀπο — P, 046, 94, 1006, 1859, 2042, 2065, 2073, 2138, 2432

History of the codex[edit]

This codex was chiefly used by Desiderius Erasmus as a basis for his first edition of the Novum Testamentum (1516). It was the only Greek manuscript of the Book of Revelation used by Erasmus.[4] Erasmus translated the missing last six verses from the Vulgate back to Greek for his editions. As a result its readings and his translation became a basis for the Textus Receptus. Erasmus borrowed the manuscript from Reuchlin, but it was lost for many years until rediscovered in 1861 by Franz Delitzsch.[5]

Kurt Aland included the manuscript to the critical apparatus in the 25th edition of Novum Testamentum Graece (1963).[6]

Formerly the codex was located in Harburg (Öttingen-Wallersteinsche Bibliothek), and was transferred together with the whole library to the library of University of Augsburg (I, 1, 4 (0), 1).[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 48.
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 211.
  3. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  4. ^ W.W. Combs, Erasmus and the textus receptus, DBSJ 1 (Spring 1996), 45.
  5. ^ F. Delizsch, Handschriftliche Funde, Leipzig, 1861.
  6. ^ Michael W. Holmes, From Nestle to the `Editio Critica Maior`, in: The Bible as Book: The Transmission of the Greek Text, London 2003, p. 128. ISBN 0-7123-4727-5

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]