Anglican Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham

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Anglicans processing their image during their National Pilgrimage to Walsingham within the grounds of the ruined abbey, May 2003.

The Anglican Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham is a Church of England shrine church built in 1938 in Walsingham, Norfolk, England. Walsingham is the site of the reputed Marian apparitions to Richeldis de Faverches in 1061. The Virgin Mary is therefore venerated at the site with the title of Our Lady of Walsingham.

History[edit]

Richeldis de Faverches was an English noblewoman who is credited with establishing the original shrine to Our Lady at Walsingham. Before leaving to join the Second Crusade, her son and heir, Lord Geoffrey de Faverches left the Holy House and its grounds to his chaplain, Edwin, to establish a religious house to care for the chapel of Our Lady of Walsingham. The Priory passed into the care of Augustinian Canons somewhere between 1146 and 1174.[1] As travelling abroad became more difficult during the time of the Crusades, Walsingham became a place of pilgrimage, ranking alongside Jerusalem, Rome and Santiago da Compostella,[2] until it was destroyed by Henry VIII in 1538. The statue of Our Lady of Walsingham was burnt at Chelsea.[3]

Father Alfred Hope Patten SSC, appointed as the Church of England Vicar of Walsingham in 1921, ignited Anglican interest in the pre-Reformation pilgrimage. It was his idea to create a new statue of Our Lady of Walsingham based on the image depicted on the seal of the medieval priory.[4] In 1922 the statue was set up in the Parish Church of St Mary[3] and regular pilgrimage devotion followed. From the first night that the statue was placed there, people gathered around it to pray, asking Mary to join her prayers with theirs.

Throughout the 1920s the trickle of pilgrims became a flood of large numbers for whom, eventually, the Pilgrim Hospice was opened (a hospice is the name of a place of hospitality for pilgrims) and, in 1931, a new Holy House encased in a small pilgrimage church was dedicated and the statue translated there with great solemnity.[5] In 1938 that church was enlarged to form the Anglican Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham.

During World War II, Walsingham was a restricted zone closed to visitors, but in May 1945, American Forces organised the first Mass in the Priory grounds since the Reformation.[6]

Father Patten combined the posts of Vicar of Walsingham and priest administrator of the Anglican shrine until his death in 1958. Enid Chadwick contributed to the artwork in the shrine.[7]

Present day[edit]

The shrine church was substantially extended in the 1960s.[3] The church has a holy well known for its healing properties; pilgrims receiving water from the holy well is accompanied by the laying on of hands and anointing.[8] Water from the well is often taken home by the faithful and distributed to their family, friends and parishioners.

The grounds include the shrine church, gardens, several chapels, a refectory, a café, a shrine shop, a visitors’ centre, the Pilgrim Hall, an orangery, the College (home to priests-associate when in residence), and a large number of different residential blocks for the accommodation of resident pilgrims.

Associated groups[edit]

Beyond the staff (who include a resident community, and external day staff) a number of groups are officially associated with the life of the shrine. These include:

  • The Association of Priests Associate of the Holy House, founded in 1931, an association of priests who undertake to offer Mass for the shrine and who enjoy certain privileges at the shrine; the Superior General of the Association is, ex officio, the Priest Administrator of the Shrine; since the early years of the twenty-first century full membership has also been available to deacons, as Deacons Associate of the Holy House; it has more than 2,000 members.[9]
  • The Society of Our Lady of Walsingham, whose members meet in local cells around the world, and pray for the life of the shrine; it was founded in 1925; the Superior General of the Society is, ex officio, the Priest Administrator of the Shrine; members commit to the daily recitation of the Angelus, as an act of remembrance of the Shrine.[10][11]
  • The Order of Our Lady of Walsingham, founded in 1953, its members (originally known as "dames" if women, "clerks" if priests, or "lay clerks" if lay men) are admitted as a reward for service to the shrine; they have special privileges at Walsingham, and meet in annual chapter; since 2000 both women and men, lay or ordained, are simply styled "member" of the order; the previously complex regalia has also been replaced with a simple cross and collarette for all members.[12]
  • The College of Guardians of the Shrine, who hold capitular responsibility for the governing of the shrine; there are 20 Guardians, ordained and lay, one of whom is elected Master of the Guardians; they have distinctive regalia, including a collarette and star, and a blue velvet mantle; they are trustees of the Shrine and its registered charity; in addition to the 20 there is also a small number of honorary Guardians.[13]

List of priest administrators[edit]

  • Fr Alfred Hope Patten SSC (1938 to 1958); founder and first priest administrator
  • Fr John Colin Stephenson MBE (1958 to 1968)
  • Fr Charles David Smith (1968 to 1972)
  • Fr Alan Vincent Careful (1973 to 1981)
  • Canon Christopher Colven (1981 to 1986)
  • Fr Roy Fellows (1987 to 1993)[14]
  • Fr Martin Warner SSC (1993 to 2002)
  • Fr Philip North CMP (2002 to 2008)
  • The Rt Revd Lindsay Urwin OGS (2009 to 2015); previously Bishop of Horsham
  • Fr Kevin Smith (2016 to present)[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Story so far", The Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham
  2. ^ "History of Walsingham", Walsingham Village, Norfolk, England
  3. ^ a b c "Anglican Shrine, Little Walsingham", Norfolk Churches
  4. ^ "The Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham" Culture24, Arts Council England
  5. ^ "ACC Parishes in US and UK celebrate Walsingham Pilgrimage", Anglican Catholic News, June 15, 2015
  6. ^ "History of Pilgrimage", Walsingham Village
  7. ^ Charles Smith (28 October 1987). "Enid Chadwick". Walsingham Anglican Archives. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  8. ^ Barnes, Philip (2017). Streams of Healing Grace. Walsingham Review. pp. 12–13. ...prayer for wholeness and healing is so important for many pilgrims who come here, and how the experience of going to the well, followed by laying on of hands and anointing is a key part of pilgrimage to Walsingham.
  9. ^ "Priests & Deacons Associate of the Holy House". The Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Society of Our Lady of Walsingham", St. Laurence Church, Southlake, Texas
  11. ^ "The Society of Our Lady of Walsingham". The Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  12. ^ "The Order of Our Lady of Walsingham". The Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  13. ^ "The College of Guardians". The Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Former curate dies, age 75". Bolton Evening News. 4 July 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  15. ^ "Appointment of the next Administrator to the Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham". Sswsh.com. The Society. 31 July 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°53′41″N 0°52′33″E / 52.8947622°N 0.875867°E / 52.8947622; 0.875867