Annapolis Subscription Plate
The Annapolis Subscription Plate
|Claim to fame||First recorded formal horse race in colonial Maryland|
The Annapolis Subscription Plate is the name given both to the first recorded formal horse race in colonial Maryland and to the silver trophy awarded to the winner of the race. It is the second oldest known horse racing trophy in America.
The race took place on the South river near Annapolis in May 1743.Charles Carroll (1703–1783) - whose son, also called Charles Carroll, would later sign the Declaration of Independence in 1776 - wagered that his horse would win in a 3-mile race.
Carroll's rival was Dungannon, owned by the tobacco planter and horse breeder George Hume Steuart who imported the thoroughbred from England. The race was held at Parole, Maryland, at what would later become the Parole Hunt Club. Dungannon won the race, establishing a tradition of horse racing at Parole that would last until the club's sale and redevelopment as a shopping center in 1962.
The silver plate itself - in reality more of a bowl than a plate - is now displayed in the Baltimore Museum of Art, and was made by the Annapolis silversmith John Inch (1721–1763). Punch bowls were popular as racing trophies in the 18th century. It is the oldest surviving silver object made in the state of Maryland, the oldest horseracing trophy in North America and the second oldest trophy of any kind on the continent.
Racing was suspended during the American Revolution, but a meeting of the Jockey Club took place on Saturday, March 1, 1783, at Mr Mann's tavern in Annapolis, at which a number of Dr Steuart's descendents were present. Club rules were set down including that the plate given by the club should be run on the first Tuesday of November, at Annapolis, that the prize money should be "sixty guineas", and that the annual subscription should be "three guineas".
The original plate was donated to the Baltimore Museum of Art by Mrs Alice Key Montell and Mrs Sarah Steuart Hartshorne. A solid silver replica of similar weight and dimensions mirroring the original Annapolis Subscription Plate was commissioned in 1955 by the Maryland Jockey Club.
- Richardson. Hester Dorey, Side-Lights on Maryland History: With Sketches of Early Maryland Families, Genealogical Publishing Com, 1995, ISBN 0-8063-0296-8, ISBN 978-0-8063-0296-6.
- Nelker, Gladys P., The Clan Steuart, Genealogical Publishing, 1970.
- Steuart, Richard Sprigg, Dr. George Steuart of Annapolis and Doden, Anne Arundel County and his descendants, S.N. 1955
- Museum Quarterly of the Baltimore Museum of Art, April–June 1936.
- History of Maryland Jockey Club Archived 2011-05-25 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved January 21, 2010
- Nelker, 118
- Museum-Quarterly of the Baltimore Museum of Art April–June 1936 Retrieved January 21, 2010
- Phillips, John Marshall, p.75, American Silver, Dover Publications (2001) Retrieved January 21, 2010
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-12-21. Retrieved 2012-01-01. Article about America's Cup being the oldest trophy.
- American Turf Register and Sporting Magazine, Volume 5, p.65 (1833). Retrieved January 21, 2010
- 126th Preakness Stakes Souvenir Magazine, May 19, 2001, article titled, "It All Began Here, In Annapolis..." page 95-96 Retrieved January 21, 2010
- Article on Annapolis Subscription Plate at www.hometownannapolis.com Retrieved January 21, 2010
- Official Dodon website and history of the estate Retrieved February 20, 2010
- Article on Annapolis Subscription Plate at www.hometownannapolis.com Retrieved February 20, 2010
- History of Maryland Jockey Club Retrieved February 20, 2010