Anne-Marie Slaughter

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Anne-Marie Slaughter
Anne-Marie Slaughter.jpg
Slaughter in 2013
Born (1958-09-27) September 27, 1958 (age 55)
Residence Princeton, New Jersey, USA
Nationality United States
Fields Politics, international affairs
Institutions Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs,
Princeton University,
New America Foundation
Alma mater Princeton University
Oxford University
Harvard University
Spouse Andrew Moravcsik

Anne-Marie Slaughter (born September 27, 1958) is the current President and CEO of the New America Foundation.[1] She was formerly the Bert G. Kerstetter '66 University Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University and Dean of its Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.[2][3][4] She is an academic, foreign policy analyst, and public commentator through the old and new media. She served as Director of Policy Planning for the U.S. State Department from January 2009 until February 2011 under Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.[2][5] She is an international lawyer and political scientist who has taught at the University of Chicago and Harvard University, and is a former president of the American Society of International Law.

Academic career[edit]

Scholarship and teaching[edit]

Slaughter served on the faculty of the University of Chicago Law School from 1989–1994 and then as J. Sinclair Armstrong Professor of International, Foreign, and Comparative Law on the faculty of Harvard Law School from 1994 to 2002. She then moved to Princeton to serve as dean of the Woodrow Wilson School, the first woman to hold that position. She held that post from 2002 to 2009, when she accepted an appointment at the US State Department. During the academic year 2007-2008 Slaughter was a visiting fellow at the Shanghai Institute for International Affairs. In 2011, she returned to Princeton as a professor.

As a scholar, Slaughter has had a focus on integrating the study of international relations and international law, using international relations theory in international legal theory. In addition, she has written extensively on European Union politics, network theories of world politics, transjudicial communication, liberal theories of international law and international relations, American foreign policy, international law, and various types of policy analysis. She has published four books: International Law and International Relations (2000), A New World Order (2004), The Idea that is America: Keeping Faith with our Values in a Dangerous World (2007), The Crisis of American Foreign Policy: Wilsonianism in the Twenty-first Century (with G. John Ikenberry, Thomas J. Knock, and Tony Smith) (2008), as well as three edited volumes on international relations and international law, and over one hundred extended articles in scholarly and policy journals or books.

She has been active as a teacher of numerous doctoral students in both law and political science, as well as other graduate and undergraduate students. At Princeton University, she is currently jointly appointed in the Politics Department and the Woodrow Wilson School, where she teaches and advises PhD, Masters and undergraduate students.

Administration[edit]

Slaughter was Director of the International Legal Studies Program at Harvard Law School from 1994-2002, and a Professor at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government from 2001-2002.

During her tenure as dean of the Woodrow Wilson School, she was credited with vigorously building the faculty, research and teaching activities of the school. She expanded the school by 30%, adding scholars from history, sociology, engineering and the natural sciences, and expanded the School's Masters in Public Policy Program to include medical doctors, lawyers, and Ph.D. scientists. She was credited with rebuilding Princeton's international relations faculty, including hiring a bevy of well-respected senior scholars including Robert Keohane, Helen Milner, and G. John Ikenberry. She also retained or hired influential right-of-center scholars including Aaron Friedberg and Thomas Christensen. Slaughter was also responsible for the creation of several research centers in international political economy and national security, the joint Ph.D. program in Social Policy, the Global Fellows program and the Scholars in the Nation's Service Initiative.

In late 2005, over 100 Princeton students and faculty signed an open letter to Slaughter and Princeton president Shirley Tilghman criticizing the University in general and the Woodrow Wilson School in particular of biasing selection of invited speakers in favor of those supportive of the Bush administration.[6] Slaughter responded to these claims by pointing to the dozens of public lectures by independent academics, journalists, and other analysts that the Wilson School hosts each academic year.[7] Others noted that, with Bush's Republican Party controlling the Presidency and both houses of Congress, many of the most influential people in the federal government, and in the international relations apparatus in particular, were necessarily administration supporters. In 2003 the Woodrow Wilson School hosted an art exhibit titled "Ricanstructions" that opponents of the exhibit claimed was "anti-Catholic" and desecrated Christian symbols. Slaughter defended the exhibit.[8]

From 2002-2004, Slaughter served as president of the American Society of International Law.

Honors[edit]

Slaughter has received an honorary degree from the University of Miami (2006), the University of Virginia's Jefferson Medal (2007), the University of Warwick (2013), and Tufts University (2014), where she was that year's Commencement speaker.

Career at the State Department[edit]

On January 23, 2009, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced the appointment of Slaughter as the new Director of Policy Planning under the Obama administration.[2] Slaughter was the first woman to hold this position.

At the State Department, Slaughter was chief architect of the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review whose first iteration was released in December 2010.[9][10] The QDDR provided a blueprint for elevating development as a pillar of American foreign policy and leading through civilian power. Commenting upon the skepticism that often greets such reports, and reiterating Secretary Clinton's strong desire that the QDDR become an essential part of the State Department policy process, Slaughter said: "I'm pretty sure you're thinking, 'I've heard this before,' [a big plan to change the way a government agency works] But this is different."[10] Slaughter received the Secretary's Distinguished Service Award for exceptional leadership and professional competence, the highest honor conferred by the State Department. She also received a Meritorious Honor Award from the U.S. Agency for International Development for her outstanding contribution to development policy.

In February 2011, at the conclusion of her two-year public service leave, Slaughter returned to Princeton University. She remains a consultant for the State Department.[11] She has written that she came "home not only because of Princeton's rules (after two years of leave, you lose your tenure), but also because of my desire to be with my family and my conclusion that juggling high-level government work with the needs of two teenage boys was not possible."[12]

Other policy, public, and corporate activities[edit]

In the 1980s, as a student, Slaughter was part of the team headed by Professor Abram Chayes that helped the Sandinista government of Nicaragua bring suit against the United States in the International Court of Justice for violations of international law, in the case Nicaragua v. United States (1986).

Since leaving the State Department, Slaughter remains a frequent commentator on foreign policy issues to both mainstream and new media, publishing op-eds in major newspapers, magazines and blogs around the world and curating foreign policy news for over 33,000 followers on Twitter. She appears regularly on CNN, the BBC, NPR, and PBS and lectures to academic, civic, and corporate audiences. She has written a regular opinion column for Project Syndicate since January 2012.[13] She delivers more than 60 public lectures annually. Foreign Policy magazine named her to their annual list of the Top100 Global Thinkers in 2009, 2010, and 2011.[citation needed]

She has served on the board of numerous non-profit organizations, including the Council of Foreign Relations, the New America Foundation, the National Endowment for Democracy. She is currently on the Advisory Board of the Center for New American Security, the Truman Project, and the bipartisan Development Council of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. She is currently a member of the Secretary of State's Foreign Policy Advisory Board. In 2006, she chaired the Secretary of State's Advisory Committee on Democracy Promotion. She previously served on the Advisory Boards of the National Security Network and the Brookings Doha Center. From 2004–2007, she served as co-director of the Princeton Project on National Security.[14]

In the private sector, she currently serves on the corporate board of Abt Associates. She has previously served on the board of the McDonald's Corporation and on the Citigroup Economic and Political Strategies Advisory Group.[14]

In 2003, Slaughter stated that the impending Iraq invasion might be viewed as "legitimate," apart from the question of whether it was illegal, if intervening countries: (a) found weapons of mass destruction, (b) were greeted as liberators, and (c) went back to the UN immediately. Slaughter subsequently concluded publicly that, according to these criteria, the invasion had been illegitimate. In 2011, after leaving her State Department position, Slaughter became a prominent early voice calling for Western military intervention in Libya, which she continues to support.[citation needed]

In 2013, Slaughter was named president of the New America Foundation,[1] to start on 1 September.[15]

Writing on work-family balance[edit]

Slaughter's article titled "Why Women Still Can't Have it All" appeared in the July/August 2012 issue of The Atlantic.[12] In the first four days after publication, the piece attracted 725,000 unique readers, making it by far the most popular magazine article ever published in that magazine.[citation needed] In the same period, it received over 119,000 Facebook "Recommends," making it by far the most "liked" piece ever to appear in any version of the magazine. Within several days, it had been discussed in detail on the front page of the New York Times[16] and in many other media outlets,[17] attracting attention from around the world.[18]

Education[edit]

Slaughter is a 1976 graduate of St. Anne's-Belfield School in Charlottesville. She received her B.A. from the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University in 1980, her M.Phil. in International Affairs from Oxford University in 1982, her J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1985, and her D.Phil. in International Relations from Oxford in 1992.[19][20] She graduated magna cum laude from Princeton in 1980 where she majored in the Woodrow Wilson School and received a certificate in European cultural studies. She won the Daniel M. Sachs Memorial Scholarship, one of Princeton's top honors, which provides for two years of study at Oxford University. She received her M.Phil. and D.Phil. degrees in international relations from Oxford in 1982 and 1992, respectively, and her law degree from Harvard Law School, cum laude, in 1985. She continued at Harvard after graduation as a researcher for her academic mentor, the distinguished international lawyer Abram Chayes.

Personal life[edit]

Slaughter is married to Andrew Moravcsik, who teaches in Princeton's Department of Politics. They have two children.[21][22] She was formerly known as Anne-Marie Burley.[20]

She was matron of honor at Jeffrey Toobin's wedding.[23]

Slaughter was raised in Charlottesville, Virginia, by her American father and Belgian mother.[14]

Selected publications[edit]

  • G. John Ikenberry, Thomas J. Knock, Anne-Marie Slaughter & Tony Smith, The Crisis of American Foreign Policy: Wilsonianism in the Twenty-first Century, Princeton University Press, 2008.
  • Slaughter, A.-M., A. Moravcsik, W.A. Burke-White. 2005. Liberal Theory of International Law. New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
  • Slaughter, A.-M. 2004. A New World Order: Government Networks and the Disaggregated State. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Goldstein, J., M. Kahler, R.O. Keohane, and A.-M. Slaughter, eds. 2000. "Legalization and world politics: A special issue of international organization" International Organization, 54.
  • Ratner, S.R., and A.-M. Slaughter, eds. 1999. "Symposium on method in international law: A special issue of the American Journal of International Law." American Journal of International Law, 93.
  • Slaughter, A.-M., A. Stone Sweet, and J.H.H. Weiler, eds. 1997. The European Courts and National Courts: Doctrine and Jurisprudence. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
  • Slaughter, A.-M. 2000. "International Law and International Relations Theory: Millennial Lectures." Hague Academy of International Law, Summer.
  • Slaughter, A.-M., and K. Raustiala. 2001. "Considering Compliance." In Handbook of International Relations, edited by Walter Carlnaes, Thomas Risse, and Beth Simmons. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hogan, Clara (April 3, 2013). "ANNE-MARIE SLAUGHTER NAMED NEXT PRESIDENT OF NEW AMERICA FOUNDATION". NEW AMERICA FOUNDATION. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Official State Department Biography: Dr. Anne-Marie Slaughter". U. S. State Department. January 27, 2009. Archived from the original on 2011-07-10. 
  3. ^ Brush, Silla (May 15, 2002). "Slaughter '80 named Wilson School dean". The Daily Princetonian. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  4. ^ "Administration". Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  5. ^ "Biography: Anne-Marie Slaughter, Director Policy Planning". U. S. State Department. Archived from the original on 2012-12-26. 
  6. ^ "Open Letter to President Shirley Tilghman, Dean Anne-Marie Slaughter, and the Princeton Community". 11 October 2005. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "Events - Archive". Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  8. ^ The Daily Princetonian - Forum looks at controversy over Wilson School exhibit
  9. ^ Long, Emily (2009-07-15). "State Department launches quadrennial review". Government Executive. Archived from the original on 26 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-13. 
  10. ^ a b LaFranchi, Howard (2010-12-15). "Hillary Clinton's vision for foreign policy on a tight budget". The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on 19 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-15. 
  11. ^ Thiel, Samantha (February 1, 2011). "Slaughter '80 returns to Wilson School". The Daily Princetonian. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  12. ^ a b Slaughter, Anne-Marie (July–August 2012). "Why Women Still Can't Have It All". The Atlantic. 
  13. ^ "Anne-Marie Slaughter". Project Syndicate. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  14. ^ a b c Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. "Anne-Marie Slaughter". Princeton University. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  15. ^ "New America Staff". Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  16. ^ Kantor, Jodi (June 21, 2012). "Elite Women Put a New Spin on an Old Debate". The New York Times. 
  17. ^ "Record Hits On Mag's 'Can't Have It All' Story". NPR. June 22, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  18. ^ "The gender debate, at least, has had it all". Globe and Mail. July 21, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Anne-Marie Slaughter '76 Speaks to Upper School". The Upper School Weekly Digest. St. Anne's-Belfield School. March 22, 2012. Retrieved 2014-01-05. "Anne-Marie Slaughter ’76, acclaimed teacher, commentator, and writer in the field of international relations, returned to campus Wednesday to speak..." 
  20. ^ a b "Resume of Anne-Marie Slaughter" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  21. ^ "Short biography". Andrew Moravcsik. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  22. ^ Princeton Weekly Bulletin, April 30, 2007 p.1-7
  23. ^ "J.R. Toobin Weds Amy B. McIntosh". New York Times. June 1, 1986. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 

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