Anniversary of the Islamic Revolution

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People celebrating anniversary of the revolution in Mashhad in 2014

The anniversary of the Islamic Revolution is celebrated on 22 Bahman, which is the 11th month in the Iranian calendar.[1] It commemorates the protests that led to the downfall of the Pahlavi dynasty and the installation of the Islamic Revolutionary headed by Ayatollah Khomeini. This political celebration held on the last day of the celebration called the Ten Days of fajr.


Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, founder of the Islamic Republic, entered Tehran on 1 February 1979 and led an uprising throughout in Iran that resulted in victory after 10 days.[2]

The Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979 was caused by the participation of different groups of people. The Pahlavi dynasty officially ended and finally conditions was prepared to forming the Islamic Republic led by the cleric, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Islamic thoughts and characters had a significant role in the anti monarchic revolution and Khomeini called it as revolution.[3]

Original event[edit]

On 11 February 1979, after the victory of Iranian revolution hundreds of military personnel and policemen marched toward Azadi Tower.[4] One of their demands was a lack of dependence on the United States and the Soviet Union as dominant power of that time.[5]


Fireworks in Tehran for celebrating the revolution anniversary

The anniversary of the Islamic Revolution is considered as a political celebration.[5] Iranian flag and many posters with revolutionary slogans was seen between marchers. Also as anti-American senses, there was United stated flag and pictures of current and former U.S. presidents.[6] The presentation of Iranian unbreakable ties with the Supreme Leader and the Islamic Republic was the issue that prominent religious and political characters had requested from Iranian to participate to the march. Between Iranian officials who join to the march was Qasem Soleimani, commander of Quds Force.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "22 Bahman". Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  2. ^ Staff writer. "38 Years On, Iran Celebrates Islamic Revolution Anniversary". Tasnim News Agency. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  3. ^ Esposito, p.۱۶۱
  4. ^ a b Hafezi, Parisa. "Hundreds of thousands rally in Iran against Trump, chant 'Death to America': TV". Reuters. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  5. ^ a b Erdbrink, Thomas. "Iran Celebrates Its Revolution, and Thanks Some Americans". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  6. ^ Staff writer. "Iran celebrates 1979 Islamic Revolution with chants against U.S." USA Today. Retrieved 10 February 2017.