Anthony Taylor (Medal of Honor)
October 11, 1837|
Burlington, New Jersey
|Died||May 21, 1894
|Place of burial||Church of St. James the Less, Philadelphia|
|Allegiance||United States of America
|Service/branch||United States Army
|Years of service||1861 - 1865|
|Unit||Company A, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Anthony Taylor was born in Burlington County, New Jersey on October 11, 1837, the son of Dr. Robert Taylor and Elizabeth Ash Jones. He was educated at the Episcopal Academy in Philadelphia.
Taylor entered service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in Company A, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry as a Private on August 22, 1861. He was promoted from Private to Sergeant, October 20, 1862; to 1st Sergeant, March 1, 1863; to 1st Lt., May 8, 1863. Shortly after enlisting, Taylor was in the Battle of Antietam. He then followed his regiment West to join the Army of the Cumberland at Nashville, where he participated in the Battle of Stones River. After being commissioned First Lieutenant in 1863 he was in command of Company A. He served on the battlefield at Chickamauga where he was in charge of the couriers at the headquarters of General William Rosecrans. As a First Lieutenant, Taylor was awarded the Medal of Honor for his bravery at the Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia, on September 20, 1863. Date of issue: December 4, 1893.
Taylor later took part in the Siege of Knoxville, and at Sevierville, Dandridge and the battle of Mossy Creek. On March 13, 1865 he was detailed acting Aide-de-Camp on the staff of Brevet Brigadier General William J. Palmer. He participated in the long campaign and cavalry raid from Knoxville, through North Carolina and Virginia, and south through North and South Carolina, Georgia and Alabama. Anthony Taylor carried the dispatch from General Palmer that led to the capture of Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy. Commissioned Captain on June 1, 1865, Taylor was mustered out along with the regiment in June 21, 1865.
After leaving the Army, Taylor became actively involved in the coal business, working under the name of "Anthony Taylor and Company." He was also a member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Taylor married Caroline Fletcher Johnson, daughter of Lawrence and Mary Winder Johnson, in Philadelphia on February 1, 1871. They were the parents of two children: Mary Lawrence Taylor, born January 5, 1872, and Elizabeth Elmslie Taylor, born September 23, 1893. Anthony Taylor died in Philadelphia on May 21, 1894. His wife died on December 19, 1919 in Devon, Pennsylvania. Both are interred in the churchyard of the Church of St. James the Less in Philadelphia.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and Organization:
First Lieutenant, Company A, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: At Chickamauga, Ga., September 20, 1863. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Born: October 11, 1837, Burlington, N.J. Date of issue: December 4, 1893.
Held out to the last with a small force against the advance of superior numbers of the enemy.
- Johnson, Robert Winder (1934). The Johnson family and allied families of Lincolnshire, England. Philadelphia: The Dolphin press. p. 455.
- Davis, William Watts Hart (1905). History of Bucks County, Pennsylvania: from the discovery of the Delaware to the present time, Volume 3. The Lewis Publishing Company.
- "ANTHONY TAYLOR entry, Medal of Honor recipient". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Archived from the original on 11 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-05.