Antidorus of Cyme
Antidorus of Cyme or Cumae was alive in the time of Alexander III of Macedon. He worked under the influence of Eratosthenes, having some influence on the spirit of the not yet newly born science of grammar, and noted as a grammarian approximately 340-330 B.C.
The Various Definitions of Grammar
- The term grammarian as understood in the earlier classical sense: knowledge of the letters of the alphabet (this being the meaning commonly) and the numbers of these;by this is meant- a person knowing how to read.
- As understanding developed the term is used for a teacher of reading.Theagenes of Rhegium (fl.550B.C) was the earliest allegorical interpreter of Homer,as this is so, he is perhaps the first person to have the term γραμματικη acceptably applied.
- During the Alexandrian age "a student of literature especially of poetry".
According to a tradition, the first person to have a developed designation of γραμματικός applied to his activities  ergo himself was a pupil of Theophrastus,the philosopher of the peripatetic school of Praxiphranes of Rhodes, active and flourishing about 300B.C, although another tradition shows Antidorus might instead be the first γραμματικός.
|“||They say that Antidorus of Chyme was the first person to call himself a grammarian;he wrote a treatise about Homer and Hesiod ||”|
- reference-global.com Ancient Scholarship and Grammar Archetypes, Concepts and Contexts Edited by Matthaios, Stephanos, Montanari, Franco, and Rengakos, Antonios Pages 55–86 [Retrieved 2011-12-11]Berlin, New York (DE GRUYTER)2011 | eBook ISBN 978-3-11-025404-4 | Print ISBN 978-3-11-025403-7
- Stephanos Matthaios, Franco Montanari, Antonios Rengakos Ancient Scholarship and Grammar: Archetypes, Concepts and Contexts. Walter de Gruyter (28 Feb 2011 ) ISBN 3-11-025403-4. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- A history of classical scholarship: From the sixth century B.C. to the end of the Middle Ages, Volume 1. CUP Archive, 1906. Retrieved 2011-11-06.
- John Edwin Sandys brmullikin.com Retrieved 2011-11-06[dead link]
- C. O. Brink Horace on poetry, Volume 3 (books.google.co.uk) [Retrieved 2011-11-06] CUP Archive, 1963 ISBN 0-521-20069-5
- (Hesiod, Glenn W. Most) (books.google.co.uk) Hesiod: Theogony, Works and days,Testimonia [Retrieved 2011-11-06] Harvard University Press, 2006 ISBN 0-674-99622-4