Antidorus of Cyme

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Antidorus of Cyme or Cumae was alive in the time of Alexander III of Macedon. He worked under the influence of Eratosthenes,[1] having some influence on the spirit of the not yet newly born science of grammar,[2] and noted as a grammarian approximately 340-330 B.C.[3]

The Various Definitions of Grammar[edit]

γραμματική (meaning grammar), when used within ancient Greece had these meaning:

  • The term grammarian as understood in the earlier classical sense: knowledge of the letters of the alphabet (this being the meaning commonly) and the numbers of these;by this is meant- a person knowing how to read.
  • As understanding developed the term is used for a teacher of reading.Theagenes of Rhegium (fl.550B.C) was the earliest allegorical interpreter of Homer,as this is so, he is perhaps the first person to have the term γραμματικη acceptably applied.
  • During the Alexandrian age "a student of literature especially of poetry".[3]


According to a tradition, the first person to have a developed designation of γραμματικός applied to his activities [2] ergo himself was a pupil of Theophrastus,the philosopher of the peripatetic school of Praxiphranes of Rhodes, active and flourishing about 300B.C,[4] although another tradition shows Antidorus might instead be the first γραμματικός.[5]

See also[edit]


Dionysius Thrax [2]


  1. ^ Ancient Scholarship and Grammar Archetypes, Concepts and Contexts Edited by Matthaios, Stephanos, Montanari, Franco, and Rengakos, Antonios Pages 55–86 [Retrieved 2011-12-11]Berlin, New York (DE GRUYTER)2011 | eBook ISBN 978-3-11-025404-4 | Print ISBN 978-3-11-025403-7
  2. ^ a b c Stephanos Matthaios, Franco Montanari, Antonios Rengakos Ancient Scholarship and Grammar: Archetypes, Concepts and Contexts. Walter de Gruyter (28 Feb 2011 ) ISBN 3-11-025403-4. 2011. ISBN 9783110254037. Retrieved 2011-12-11. 
  3. ^ a b A history of classical scholarship: From the sixth century B.C. to the end of the Middle Ages, Volume 1. CUP Archive, 1906. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  4. ^ John Edwin Sandys Retrieved 2011-11-06[dead link]
  5. ^ C. O. Brink Horace on poetry, Volume 3 ( [Retrieved 2011-11-06] CUP Archive, 1963 ISBN 0-521-20069-5
  6. ^ (Hesiod, Glenn W. Most) ( Hesiod: Theogony, Works and days,Testimonia [Retrieved 2011-11-06] Harvard University Press, 2006 ISBN 0-674-99622-4