Antonio Ortega (soldier)

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Antonio Ortega
Birth name Antonio Ortega Gutierrez
Born (1888-01-17)17 January 1888
Rabé de las Calzadas, Burgos, Spain
Died 15 July 1939(1939-07-15) (aged 51)
Alicante, Spain
Allegiance Second Spanish Republic Spanish Republic
Service/branch Army
Rank Colonel
Commands held Civil Governor of Guipuzcoa (1936), Secretary of Security (1937), III Army Corps of the Army of the Centre (1939)
Battles/wars

Spanish Civil War

Antonio Ortega Gutiérrez (1888-1939) was a Spanish Republican military officer and acting president of Madrid Football Club between 1937 and 1938 during the Spanish Civil War; directly involved in the defense of Madrid.

Spanish Civil War[edit]

A professional officer of the Spanish Army, he supported the Republican government during the Spanish Civil War. Before the war he was a lieutenant of Carabineros of the Second Spanish Republic stationed in Irun. On 6 August 1936, following the Coup, he was appointed civil governor of Guipuzcoa.[1] He took command of the Republican forces during the later part of the Campaign of Guipúzcoa after the capture of Augusto Pérez Garmendia at Oiartzun. In 1937 he was appointed secretary of security and joined the Communist Party of Spain(PCE).[2] He was also, among other things, responsible for the arrest of Andreu Nin[3] and because of this, was dismissed by the minister of the interior, Julian Zugazagoitia;[4] eventually being transferred to field command. On March 1939, he was the commander in charge of the III Army Corps of the Army of the Centre and supported Luis Barceló against the National Defence Council (Consejo Nacional de Defensa) during what later became the Final offensive of the Spanish Civil War.[5] At the end of the war, he was captured by the Nationalists, sentenced to death by a military tribunal and subsequently executed by firing squad in Alicante, Spain on 15 July 1939.[6]

President of Real Madrid[edit]

As President of Madrid Football Club, as Real Madrid were called during the Second Spanish Republic, he acted on behalf of Rafael Sánchez Guerra, a prominent Republican, who was unable to take an active role in managing the club due to the war. Ortega took over as acting president from another Republican, Juan Jose Vallejo. Together with Gonzalo Aguirre and Valero Rivera, Madrid Vice President and Treasurer, respectively, he was among several Real Madrid board members, captured and executed by Franco's Nationalists, following the city of Madrid's fall.[7][8]


Preceded by
Rafael Sánchez Guerra
Chairman of Real Madrid
1937–1938
Succeeded by
Rafael Sánchez Guerra

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. pp.651-652
  2. ^ Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.682
  3. ^ Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.883
  4. ^ Preston, Paul. (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Reaction, revolution & revenge. Harper Perennial. London. p.262
  5. ^ Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.882
  6. ^ Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.899
  7. ^ Burns, Jimmy. (2012). La Roja: How Soccer Conquered Spain and How Spanish Soccer Conquered the World. Nation Books.
  8. ^ Kassimeris, Christos. (2007). European Football in Black and White: Tackling Racism in Football. Lexington Books. p.22

Sources[edit]

Notes[edit]