The name traces back to the Oiasso or Oiarso of the Roman period, an important town dedicated to mining and marine activities. However, it has been pinpointed actually in the current border town of Irun, so the name may have referred to the whole area.
A river bearing the same name meanders through the meadows and neighbourhoods of this sparse municipality. That is actually one of its main features, it is scattered in different quarters across the valley. Elizalde lies on a prominence and it is the central nucleus of the town, with the main church San Esteban and town hall being located there. At the foot of Elizalde lies Altzibar by the Oiartzun River. Ugaldetxo developed into an urban built-up area surrounded by industrial estates near the AP-8 motorway, while the rest of the neighbourhoods have hung onto their rural and picturesque landscape to a large extent.
The town's football club, Oiartzun KE, plays at Karla Lekuona. The women's side has competed in the highest division of Spanish football, making Oiartzun one of the smallest towns in the country home to a top-flight club.
Notable people born in Oiartzun
- Izaskun Zubizarreta Guerendiain, (1970 - ), Spanish ski mountaineer.
- Juan María Lekuona, (1927 - 2005), priest, poet and linguist
- Rafael Picavea y Leguía, (1867 - Paris, France, 1946), industrialist, politician and journalist.
- Roman Museum of Oiasso (Basque, Spanish, English and French)
- Town Hall official site (Basque and Spanish)
- Guispuscoa Government site: Oiartzun (Basque and Spanish)
- OIARTZUN in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) Information available in Spanish
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