|Native to||United States|
|Extinct||early 18th century|
The language is known primarily from one document, a letter written in 1688 to Charles II of Spain. Geoffrey Kimball has produced a grammatical sketch (Kimball 1987) and a vocabulary of the language (Kimball 1988) based on the contents of the letter.
|aspirated||p (pʰ)||t (tʰ)||k (kʰ)|
|Fricative||f (f~ɸ)||ł (ɬ)||s (s)||h (h)|
|Nasal||m (m)||n (n)|
|Approximant||w (w)||l (l)||y (j)|
/f/ could be pronounced as /f/ or /ɸ/.
The sound /ɪ/ could also be pronounced as /i/, and /o/ can also be pronounced as /ʊ/ as well. When the Spanish used their orthography to record the language, they did not note the distinction in the vowel length.
- Haas, M. R. (1949). The position of Apalachee in the Muskogean family.International Journal of American Linguistics, 15(2), 121-127.
- Kimball, G. (1987). A grammatical sketch of Apalachee. International journal of American linguistics, 53(2), 136-174.
- Kimball, G. (1988). An Apalachee vocabulary. International Journal of American Linguistics, 54(4), 387-398.