Arbella or Arabella was the flagship of the Winthrop Fleet on which, between April 8 and June 12, 1630, Governor John Winthrop, other members of the Company (including Dr. William Gager) and Puritan emigrants transported themselves and the Charter of the Massachusetts Bay Company from England to Salem, thereby giving legal birth to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. During this adventure the ship is said to have carried three times as much alcohol as water. The charter recorded around 10,000 gallons of wine on board for the personal supply of the crew and its passengers.They had almost consumed all of the 10,000 gallons of wine on the ship in six weeks time. John Winthrop is reputed to have given the famous "A Model of Christian Charity" sermon aboard the ship. Also on board was the first European female poet to be published from the New World, Anne Bradstreet, and her family.
The ship was at first known as Eagle. Her name was changed in honor of Lady Arabella Johnson, who was a member of Winthrop's company, along with her husband, Isaac Johnson. Lady Arabella was the daughter of Thomas Clinton, 3rd Earl of Lincoln.
- Captain John Underhill
- Members of the Saltonstall family, Sir Richard Saltonstall
- Members of the Dudley family including Thomas Dudley
- Anne Bradstreet
- Isaac Stearns, from whom nearly all American Stearns are descended
- John Lawrence (1609-1667) from him are descended many of the New England Lawrence families
- Davida Rubin, Kenneth Garth Huston. Sir Kenelm Digby, F.R.S., 1603-1665: a bibliography ... (1969), p. 2.
- McMichael, Andrew. "North and South: New England and Pilgrims." Lecture,, Bowling Green, October 9, 2014.
- Channing, Edward (1907). A History of the United States, Vol. I, p. 330. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- Society, New England Historic Genealogical (1921). "Leaders in the Winthrop Fleet, 1630". The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 25: 236. Retrieved 2009-05-16.
- Dictionary of American History by James Truslow Adams, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1940
- Gager, Edmund R. The Gager Family: The Descendants of Dr. William Gager, of Suffolk County, England, and Charlestown, Mass., through His Only Surviving Son, John Gager, Who Later Settled in Norwich, Connecticut. Baltimore: Gateway, 1985. Print.
- The Winthrop Society is a hereditary organization made up of the descendants of those who arrived on the Winthrop Fleet or other Great Migration ships before 1634.
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