for Leyton East
|Preceded by||Ernest Edward Alexander|
|Succeeded by||Ernest Edward Alexander|
for Wandsworth Central
|Preceded by||Sir Henry Jackson|
|Succeeded by||Sir Henry Jackson|
Archibald George Church
7 September 1886
Mile End/Bow, Middlesex
|Died||23 August 1954 (aged 67)|
St Stephens Hospital, Fulham, London
|Political party||Labour Party (UK)|
|National Labour Organisation|
|Spouse(s)||Katherine Mary Strange Church|
|Residence||17 Wellington Square, Chelsea, London|
|Branch/service||British Army: Royal Garrison Artillery|
Major Archibald Church DSO MC (1886-1954) was a British school teacher, soldier and Labour Party politician. He served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Leyton East from 1923 to 1924, and for Wandsworth Central from 1929 to 1931.
Church was born on 7 December 1866 in London, England and was educated at University College, London. He was a schoolmaster from 1909 to 1914 when he joined the Army at the start of the First World War.
Church served on the Western Front for three years with the Royal Artillery then the Royal Flying Corps. He was transferred to North Russia to command the Centre Column of the 237 Infantary Brigade. In January 1919, Church was awarded the Military Cross (MC) for his service during the First World War, and in January 1920 he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) for action in the Murmansk Command during the British intervention in the Russian Civil War. The citation noted his "particular gallantry and zeal during the operations from Medevja-gora to Unitsa, 8 June to 26 July 1919".
- Failed 1922 campaign
- Successful 1923 campaign and loss in 1924
- Successful 1929 campaign
He took urban, more middle class, Wandsworth Central returning to the Commons at the next general election in 1929 general election. He took it from a recently knighted Conservative, noted in transport services. He won a slender majority of 300 votes (1.1% of the total).
- Eugenic voluntary sterilisation bill
In July 1931, Church tabled a Ten Minute Rule Bill promoted by the Eugenics Education Society. Although the eugenics measure was "a Bill to enable mental defectives to undergo sterilizing operations or sterilizing treatment upon their own application, or that of their spouses or parents or guardians," its underlying purpose was the eventual introduction of compulsory sterilisation, with Church describing it as "an experiment on a small scale so that later on we may have the benefit of the results and experience gained in order to come to conclusions before bringing in a Bill for the compulsory sterilisation of the unfit." The Commons voted by 167 votes to 89 against any second reading.
- Move to NLO and failed 1931 campaign
When the Labour Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald left the party in 1931 to co-lead a Conservative-dominated National Government, Church was one of the few Labour MPs to support him. He followed MacDonald into the new National Labour Organisation then that year stood in the 1931 general election as a National Independent for the London University seat, where he lost by a 27:73 ratio against one candidate.
He stood again twice, as a National Labour (NLO) candidate: in Bristol East at the 1935 general election then in Derby at a by-election in July 1936, and in Tottenham South as a "National" candidate at the 1945 general election but remained unelected after 1931.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 56. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- "No. 31092". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1918. pp. 23–24.
- "No. 31745". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 January 1920. p. 919.
- Craig, op. cit., page 427
- "No. 32897". The London Gazette. 11 January 1924. p. 363.
- Craig, op. cit., page 170
- "No. 33508". The London Gazette. 21 June 1929. p. 4115.
- Fennell, Phil (1996). Treatment without consent: law, psychiatry and the treatment of mentally disordered people since 1845. Routledge. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-415-07787-3.
- "House of Commons Debates 21 July 1931 vol 255 cc1249-57". Hansard. Hansard 1803–2005. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
- Craig, op. cit., page 669
- Craig, op. cit., page 106
- Craig, op. cit., page 124
- "No. 34034". The London Gazette. 20 March 1934. pp. 1860–1861.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Archibald Church
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Leyton East
1923 – 1924
Sir Henry Jackson
| Member of Parliament for Wandsworth Central
1929 – 1931
Sir Henry Jackson, Bt
|Trade union offices|
| General Secretary of the National Union of Scientific Workers
1920 – 1931