Arthur Howe Holdsworth

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Arthur Howe Holdsworth (1780–1860) of Mount Galpin in the parish of Townstal and of Widecombe in the parish of Stokenham,[1] both in Devon, was a merchant, and in 1809 was Governor of Dartmouth Castle, a position held by his father Arthur from 1760 to 1777. He was elected member of Parliament for Dartmouth in 1802, holding the seat until December 1819, when he vacated it in favour of Charles Milner Ricketts, a cousin of Lord Liverpool. He returned to the seat in 1829, but was defeated by John Seale in 1832, after the Reform Act partially disenfranchised the constituency.

Holdsworth was from a Devon mercantile and trading family and resided at Widdecombe House and Mount Galpin in Dartmouth located near Kingsbridge within the Stokenham Priory estate, owned by the Holdsworth family for many years.[2] He served as the last Governor of Dartmouth.[3]

Holdsworth was a well-known politician in Devonshire, his father Arthur having been a prominent shipowner, merchant and member of Parliament.[4] The son, Arthur Howe Holdsworth Holdsworth, was an active businessman with interests in shipping and an inventor with many patents to his name, most relating to shipbuilding and boats. He was a shareholder in the Bristol and Exeter Railway and was a prime force behind Devon's expansive shipping interests.

The Holdsworth family's roots lay in Yorkshire, and a vicar ancestor moved to Devon in 1620. The vicar's son Arthur entered trade and, aided by the Champernowne family,[5] began a lucrative trade with Newfoundland. By 1672 he was mayor of Dartmouth and an imposing figure on the local business scene. In the following two centuries the Holdsworth family came to dominate the mercantile and cultural life of Dartmouth. They were leaders in the trade with Newfoundland and with Portugal, where they owned estates. Their interests extended into trade with the Baltic, the West Indies and America.[6]

"The family continued to prosper," according to David K. Brown in his book The Way of the Ship in the Midst of the Sea, "helped in 1725 by the award of 'The Waters of the Dart' from the Duchy of Cornwall in 1725 which entitled them to levy tolls on all goods landed between Salcombe and Torbay, a rich perquisite which lasted until 1860. The Holdsworths and their relations held most of the important posts in and around Dartmouth: Freemen, Mayors, Governor of the Castle since 1725, Rector of Stokenham and Brixham, etc. The family home was Widdicombe House, near Torcross, built in 1785 and enlarged in 1820. They also owned Brooke Hall, Dartmouth."[7]

At his death in 1860, Holdsworth left an enormous estate.[8] Following Holdsworth's stinging defeat for his Parliamentary seat in 1832 by Sir John Henry Seale, 1st Baronet, whose family had challenged the Holdsworth family's hold on the Corporation, all the Holdsworth family members left Dartmouth. The acrimony between the Holdsworths and their Seale family adversaries even forced the move of the 1839 marriage between Holdsworth's daughter Catherine Henrietta Elizabeth Holdsworth and civil engineer William Froude from Dartmouth, where the Holdsworths had long worshipped, to the Brixham parish church instead.

Arthur Howe Holdsworth in 1807[9] married Catherine Henrietta Eastabrooke (1789-1878), daughter of John Eastabrooke and his wife Catherine Henrietta, widow of Robert Carr.[10] His middle name was a tribute to the British Admiral Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe, a family friend who served as one of two members of Parliament from Dartmouth from 1757 to 1782, overlapping the service in Parliament of Arthur Howe (1780–1786). The Holdsworth family later intermarried with other prominent West Country families, including the St. Aubyns of St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall, the Bastard family of Devon (whose members Edmund Bastard, Edmund Pollexfen Bastard and John Bastard sat with him for Dartmouth) and others.

Arthur Holdsworth, seated, Devonshire merchant and father of Arthur Howe Holdsworth, 1757

Arthur Howe's Holdsworth's eldest son Arthur Bastard Eastabrook Holdsworth lived at Widdicombe House after the death of his father.[11] Arthur Bastard Eastbrook Holdsworth's daughter Alice Mary married Edmund St. Aubyn at Dartmouth, Devon, in 1847; his daughter Georgina married in 1868 at Stokenham, Devon, Thomas Levett-Prinsep, eldest son of Thomas Levett-Prinsep JP of Croxall Hall,[12] Derbyshire.[13] They had one son.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Swete, John, Names of the Noblemen and Principal Gentlemen in the County of Devon, their Seats and Parishes at the Commencement of the Nineteenth Century, 1810, published in 1811 edition of Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p.7
  2. ^ Kingsbridge and Its Surroundings, Sarah Prideaux Fox, G. P. Friend, Plymouth, 1874
  3. ^ Arthur Howe Holdsworth by William Brockedon, National Portrait Gallery, npg.org.uk
  4. ^ Arthur Holdsworth Conversing with Thomas Taylor and Captain Stancombe by the River Dart, 1757, Arthur Devis, Paul Mellon Collection, The National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., www.nga.gov
  5. ^ The Champernownes had been a fixture on the West Country mercantile and social scene for generations. Kat Ashley, née Champernowne, was a close friend and governess to Queen Elizabeth I. Her niece Catherine Champernowne was the mother of Sir Walter Raleigh and Sir Humphrey Gilbert. At the heart of the family dynastic influence lay Sir Arthur Champernowne, who served as Vice-Admiral of the West, while residing at Dartington Hall in Devon.
  6. ^ Arthur Howe Holdsworth, 1780–1861, dartmouth-history.org.uk[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ The Way of the Ship in the Midst of the Sea, David K. Brown, Periscope Publishing Ltd., 2006
  8. ^ Will of Arthur Howe Holdsworth, CanadaGenWeb.org
  9. ^ "England Marriages, 1538–1973 ," Database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N2R8-P3J : accessed 30 June 2015), Arthur Howe Holdsworth and Catherine Henrietta Eastabrooke, 16 Jul 1807; citing Walthamstow, Essex, England, reference ; FHL microfilm 0962531 IT 1.
  10. ^ ncestry.com. London and Surrey, England, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1597-1921 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011
  11. ^ Will of Arthur Bastard Eastabrook Holdsworth, 1877, from Newfoundland Will Books, ngb.chebucto.org
  12. ^ Mansions and Country Seats of Staffordshire, Alfred Williams, Walter Henry Mallett, F. Brown, 1899
  13. ^ Kelly's Handbook to the Titled, Landed and Official Classes, Kelly and Co., London, 1882
  14. ^ Visitation of England and Wales, Vol. 14, Joseph Jackson Howard, Frederick Arthur Crisp, England College of Arms, Privately Printed, 1906

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Edmund Bastard and
John Charles Villiers
Member of Parliament for Dartmouth
1802–1820
With: Edmund Bastard (1802–1812)
Edmund Pollexfen Bastard (1812–1816)
John Bastard (1816–1820)
Succeeded by
John Bastard and
Charles Milner Ricketts
Preceded by
John Bastard and
Sir John Hutton Cooper
Member of Parliament for Dartmouth
1829–1832
With: John Bastard
Succeeded by
John Seale