Arthur Seymour

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Arthur Seymour
b&w portrait photo of a bearded man
Arthur Seymour in his late 50s
4th Superintendent of Marlborough Province
In office
1864–1865
In office
1870–1876
4th Chairman of Committees
In office
1873–1875
Preceded by Maurice O'Rorke
Succeeded by Maurice O'Rorke
In office
1879–1881
Preceded by Maurice O'Rorke
Succeeded by Ebenezer Hamlin
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Wairau
In office
1872 – 1875
Preceded by William Henry Eyes
Succeeded by Joseph Ward
In office
1876 – 1881
Preceded by Joseph Ward
Succeeded by Henry Dodson
Personal details
Born 20 March 1832
Marksbury, Somersetshire
England
Died 3 April 1923(1923-04-03) (aged 91)
Picton
New Zealand
Relations Dr Ralph Richardson (brother-in-law)

Arthur Penrose Seymour (20 March 1832 – 3 April 1923) was a 19th-century New Zealand politician from Picton. He was the 4th Superintendent of the Marlborough Province and was a member of the provincial government for all 16 years of its existence. With his strong advocacy for Picton, he successfully had the Seat of Government moved to Picton. When the Blenheim party secured a majority in the Provincial Council by 1865, Seymour negotiated the removal of the Seat of Government back to Blenheim.

Seymour was a member of parliament for various Marlborough electorates for a total of twelve years. Prior to his election to Parliament, he had been appointed to the Legislative Council. He was three times Mayor of Picton.

Early life[edit]

Seymour was born in 1832 in Marksbury, Somersetshire, England, the fourth son of the Reverend George Turner Seymour & his wife Marianne née Billingsley. He emigrated to New Zealand in 1851 on the Maori, travelling with his sister Marie Louise and her husband, Dr Ralph Richardson.[1][2] Henry Seymour, who returned from England on the same ship, was unrelated.[1][3] Arthur Seymour settled in Picton, Marlborough shortly after his arrival.[4] He was a surveyor by profession, but became a runholder in the Awatere Valley.[5] He was appointed a Justice of the peace in 1856.[6] On 23 October 1856, he married Catherine Florence Huddleston at Nelson,[7] the daughter of the Nelson businessman Frederick Huddleston.[8]

Politics[edit]

Chairman of Committees, 1882 caricature, showing Ebenezer Hamlin, on the left, as a dog with a bone marked 'Chairman of Committees', while a rat with a man's face, probably Arthur Seymour, previous Chairman of Committees, was defeated in November 1881

Marlborough Province[edit]

Seymour was elected onto the first Marlborough Provincial Council in 1860.[4] During the council's first meeting, Seymour successfully moved that the provincial offices be built in Picton. This further fuelled the ongoing political conflict with other politicians who favoured Blenheim as the seat of provincial government.[9] The Seat of Government shifted from Blenheim to Picton in 1861, only to revert to Blenheim in 1866. Together with all the other intense personal rivalries in the (e.g. between small farmers and pastoralists), provincial politics had a comic opera quality to it in the Marlborough Province.[10] Seymour fuelled this conflict by being a stern supporter of Picton.[5]

He served on the council over all of its 16 years of existence. He represented the electorates of Picton in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th and 6th council, and Awatere in the 4th and 7th council.[11]

He was the Superintendent of Marlborough Province twice. His first time in office was from 19 September 1864 until Oct 1865.[12] He resigned as he had been appointed to the Legislative Council in 1865.[8] His second period as Superintendent was from 19 February 1874 until the abolition of provincial government on 31 October 1876.[13]

Seymour was twice on the executive of the provincial council. First in 1860, and then in June and July 1864.[14]

Legislative Council[edit]

Seymour was a member of the Legislative Council since 8 July 1865. During this time on the council, the dispute over the Seat of Government of Marlborough Province worsened and Seymour eventually resigned from the Legislative Council on 5 January 1872 to stand for Parliament to further his vision for Marlborough.[8][15]

Parliament[edit]

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate Party
1872–1875 5th Wairau Independent
1876–1879 6th Wairau Independent
1879–1881 7th Wairau Independent
1887–1890 10th Waimea-Picton Independent

He represented the Marlborough electorate of Wairau from 1872 to 6 May 1875 when he resigned, and from 1876 to 1881, when he was defeated.[16]

The 1876 election was contested against George Henderson, a former Mayor of Blenheim.[17][18] The 1881 general election was contested by Seymour and Henry Dodson, with Dodson gaining the majority support during the show of hands at the nomination meeting.[19] On election day, Dodson and Seymour received 550 and 381 votes, respectively, a significant majority of 169. Dodson was thus returned.[20]

The 1887 general election in the Waimea-Picton electorate was contested by Seymour, Joseph Harkness and Charles H. Mills, who received 446, 444 and 415 votes, respectively. Seymour was thus elected.[21] He represented the electorate until the end of the term in 1890.[16] He unsuccessfully contested the Wairau electorate in the 1890 election.[22]

Seymour was the 4th Chairman of Committees, replacing the acting chairman Maurice O'Rorke on 16 July 1873. He held this post until May 1875, when he resigned. He was again elected into this position in July 1879 and held the role until dissolution of parliament in November 1881.[23]

Local body politics and Personal career[edit]

Seymour was three times mayor of Picton.[8] He was a member of the Marlborough Land Board for many years. He was the longest serving Chairman of the Education Board in New Zealand's history as he was the longest serving member of the Waste Lands Board. Seymour was a Captain in the militia, a Runholder (Tyntesfield), Captain and President of the Picton Cricket Club, President of the Marlborough Club, President of the Marlborough Lawn Tennis Club, President of the Blenheim and Picton Literary Institutes. He was also Chairman of the Picton Hospital, a Vestryman, Churchwarden and Layreader for the Holy Trinity Church at Picton, a Surveyor & Architect by Trade, and was an advocate for Industry in Marlborough; such as Goldmining, Coal mining, Frozen Meat Trade to England, Flaxmilling etc...

Death[edit]

Seymour died at Picton on Tuesday, 3 April 1923.[4] He was buried at Picton Cemetery.[24]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Shipping Intelligence". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. X (572). 27 December 1851. p. 174. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Scholefield 1940, pp. 235f.
  3. ^ Stephens, Joy. "Seymour Square". The Prow. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "A Worthy Record". The Evening Post. CV (82). 6 April 1923. p. 2. Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "What's in a Name?". Blenheim Sun Newspaper. 9 June 2010. p. 8. Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  6. ^ "Mr. Arthur Penrose Seymour". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Nelson, Marlborough & Westland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: Cyclopedia Company Limited. 1906. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 
  7. ^ "Married". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. XV (61). 29 October 1856. p. 2. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Seymour, Arthur Penrose". Marlborough Online. Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  9. ^ "Superintendents of Marlborough". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Nelson, Marlborough & Westland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: Cyclopedia Company Limited. 1906. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 
  10. ^ McLintock, A. H. (22 April 2009). "Provincial Government". Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  11. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 208.
  12. ^ "Provinces 1848–77". Rulers.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  13. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 203.
  14. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 205.
  15. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 85.
  16. ^ a b Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  17. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1906). "Mr. George Henderson". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Nelson, Marlborough & Westland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  18. ^ "Wairau Election". Nelson Evening Mail. XI (28). 31 January 1876. p. 2. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  19. ^ "The Nomination". Marlborough Express. XVI (281). 2 December 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  20. ^ "The Declaration". Marlborough Express. XVI (292). 15 December 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  21. ^ "Waimea-Picton election". Colonist. XXX (5024). 6 October 1887. p. 1. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  22. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. p. 2. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  23. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 151.
  24. ^ "Arthur Penrose Seymour". Marlborough District Council. Retrieved 26 July 2011. 

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Carter
Superintendent of Marlborough Province
1864–1865
1870–1876
Succeeded by
William Henry Eyes
Preceded by
William Henry Eyes
Provincial Councils abolished
Preceded by
Maurice O'Rorke
Chairman of Committees of the House of Representatives
1873–1875
1879–1881
Succeeded by
Maurice O'Rorke
Preceded by
Maurice O'Rorke
Succeeded by
Ebenezer Hamlin
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
William Henry Eyes
Member of Parliament for Wairau
1872–1875
1879–1881
Succeeded by
Joseph Ward
Preceded by
Joseph Ward
Succeeded by
Henry Dodson
New constituency Member of Parliament for Waimea-Picton
1887–1890
Succeeded by
Charles H. Mills